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JERWIN P EMBOLODE

Ph. D. PASA 300

MOTIVATION

LEARNING GOAL:

The purpose of this block of instruction is to provide the participants with an overview of motivation.

MOTIVATION
TOPICS TO DISCUSS
I. UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION a. What is motivation? b. Maslows hierarchy of needs c. Carrot-and-stick theory II. BRIDGING THE GAP a. Leadership and motivation b. The Fifty-fifty Principle III. HOW TO DRAW OUT THE BEST FROM PEOPLE

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION

DEFINITION
MOTIVATION - the process which encourages and guides behavior...

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION Typical qualities


Willingness to work Dedication to the common cause Alignment of the person with the organisational goals Commitment An appetite to achieve An energy Drive and determination Tenacity Strength of purpose

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

Physiological needs The most basic needs, at the foot of the pyramid, are physiological, namely: Air Water Food Sleep Sex

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Security needs Here we need to be safe from harm and to achieve this we require: Shelter and clothing Personal safety and security

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Social needs Since we are not social islands we need: Friends and colleagues To be part of a group To be part of a team

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
Esteem Needs This is about enjoying a personal status. Within our group or team we need status and a role to give us individuality and an identity

MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Self actualisation needs This is our need to be the best that we can be, with all the talents and gifts that we have.

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.flv

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
CARROT-AND-STICK THEORY
Some claim that this usage of phrase is erroneous, and that in fact comes from the figure of a carrot on a stick. In this case, the driver would tie a carrot on a string to a long stick and dangle it in front of the donkey, just out of its reach. As the donkey moved forward to get the carrot, it pulled the cart and the driver so that the carrot would always remain out of reach.

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
CARROT-AND-STICK THEORY
- also "carrot or stick" is an idiom that refers to a policy of offering a combination of rewards and punishment to induce behavior. - to motivate essentially means provide a person with a motive or incentive to do something.

UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION
CARROT-AND-STICK THEORY
Understanding what motivates you and others at work Being aware of different dimensions of motivation Developing your skills as a leader

BRIDGING THE GAP

BRIDGING THE GAP


LEADERSHIP AND MOTIVATION Leadership and motivation are like brother and sister. It is difficult to think of a leader who does not motivate others. But leadership embraces more than motivation. Leadership is action, not position. Donald H McGannon

BRIDGING THE GAP


FIFTY-FIFTY PRINCIPLE Adair 50:50 rule - 50% of motivation comes from within a person; and - 50% from his or her environment, especially from the leadership encountered therein. No man does anything from a single motive. Samuel Taylor Coleridge

HOW TO DRAW OUT THE BEST FROM PEOPLE

HOW TO DRAW OUT THE BEST FROM PEOPLE


Adairs eight rules in motivating people
1. Be motivated yourself 2. Select people who are highly motivated 3. Treat each person as an individual 4. Set realistic and challenging targets 5. Remember that progress motivates

MOTIVATION
RECAPITULATION
I. UNDERSTANDING MOTIVATION a. What is motivation? b. Maslows hierarchy of needs c. Carrot-and-stick theory II. BRIDGING THE GAP a. Leadership and motivation b. The Fifty-fifty Principle III. HOW TO DRAW OUT THE BEST FROM PEOPLE

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