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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADHESH
Name : K Padmavathi
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : E.C.E
Institute : Government Polytechnic for

women Kakinada
Year/Semester : III Semester
Subject : Digital Electronics
Subject Code : CM-305
Topic : Logic Families
Duration : 50 Minutes
Sub Topic : Details of TTL and CMOS ICS
Teaching Aids : Tabular forms 1
CM305.25
OBJECTIVES

On completion of this period, you would be able


to
1. Know the common TTL and CMOS ICs (gate)

2. Their details

3. Advantages of TTL –LS series over other TTL


series.

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CM305.25
Recap
• TTL NAND Gate
• CMOS NAND Gate
• Comparison between TTL and CMOS
gates

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• TTL circuits are available in two common series
viz 74xx and 54xx.

• 54xx series is used for military applications.

• 74xx series is used for commercial purposes.

• Both series make use of multiple emitter inputs


and totem-pole outputs.

• Some of them use open collector outputs also

CM305.25 4
TTL 74XX SERIES:

DEVICE NUMBER DESCRIPTION

7400 Quad 2-input NAND gates

7402 Quad 2- input nor gates

7404 Hex inverter

7408 Quad 2-input AND gates

7410 Triple 3-input NAND gates

7421 Dual 4-input AND gates

7430 8-input NAND gate

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CM305.25
• Any device in the 74xx series has an operating
temperature range of 0 to 70 0 C and works over a
supply range of 4.75 to 5.25v.

• The operating temperature range of 54xx series is -


550 C to 1250 C and a supply voltage range of 4.5 to

5.5v.
• The 5400 series has the same logic functions as
the 7400 series.

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CM305.25
CMOS ICs

• 74C00 series is a line of CMOS high speed circuits.

• They are pin- for- pin and function- for- function


compatible with TTL devices of similar numbers

• 74C00 is a quad 2- input NAND gate.

• 74C02 is a quad 2-input NOR gate and so on.

• The supply voltage varies from 9 to 12v.


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CM305.25
• Any device in the 74C00 works over a temperature

range of -40 0 C to +85 0 C

• This series is used for commercial applications.

• The 54C00 series is used for miliatry applications.

• It works over a temperature range of -55 0 to +1250


C.
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CM305.25
CMOS IC Advantage

• Low power dissipation.

Disadvantage

• Relatively long propagation delay time.

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CM305.25
Electrical characteristics of 54C/74C CMOS logic
family
Parameter Value
VIH 3.5v
VIL 1.5v
VOH 4.5v
VOL 0.5v
IIH 1uA
IIL -1uA
IOH -100uA
IOL 360uA
tpHL 60ns
tpLH 40ns
Static power dissipation 10nw
per gate
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Electrical characteristics of various TTL logic families

Parameter 7400 74H00 74L00 74S00 74LS00 Units


VIH 2 2 2 2 2 volts
VIL 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 volts
VOH 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.7 volts
VOL 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 volts
IIH 40 50 10 50 20 uA
IIL -1.6 -2.0 -0.18 -2.0 -0.36 mA
IOH -400 -500 -200 -1000 -400 uA
IOL 16 20 3.6 20 8 mA
ICC(1) 8 16.8 0.8 16 1.6 mA
ICC(0) 22 40 2.04 36 4.4 mA
tpHL 15 10 60 5 15 ns
tpLH 22 10 60 4.5 15 ns
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CM305.25
• TTL series are classified into 5 types

1. Standard TTL (7400 series)

2. High speed TTL (74H00 series)

3. Low power TTL (74LOO series)

4. Scottky TTL (74S00 series)

5. Low power scottky TTL (74LS00 series)

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CM305.25
• Standard TTL has a power dissipation of 10 mw per

gate and propagation delay time of about 10ns


• High speed TTL has a power dissipation of 22mw

per gate and propagation delay time of about 6ns.

• Low power TTL has a power dissipation of 1mw


and propagation delay time of about 35ns

• Scottky TTL has a power dissipation of around


20mw per gate and a propagation delay time of 3ns.

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CM305.25
Advantages of TTL-LS series over other TTL
series:

• The low power scottky TTL is the best compromise


between power dissipation and propagation delay time.

• Of the five TTL types, it has emerged as the favorite


of digital designers.

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CM305.25
SUMMARY
• TTL ICs are available in 74xx series and 54xx series.

• 74xx series is used for commercial applications.

• 54xx series is used for miliatry applications.

• CMOS ICs are available as 54Cxx series and 74Cxx

• series.
TTL series is classified into 5 types.

• Out of the five types, low power scottky TTL is the


best compromise between low power and high
speed. CM305.25 15
Questions

1. List common TTL and CMOS ICs and give


details?

2. List the advantages of TTL-LS series?

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CM305.25
Quiz

1. The operating temperature range of 54xx series is

(a) 0-700C

(b) -550- 1250C

(C ) -400-850C

(d) None

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2. The winner of T T L series is

(c) Standard T T L

(e) Low power T T L

(h) Schottky T T L

(k) Low power schottky T T L

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