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Petrel Workflow Tools

5 Day Introduction Course


Edit of Input Seismic Well Correlation Fault Modeling Pillar Gridding Depth Conversion

Facies Modeling

Edit Input Data

Intro to Petrel

Import data

Petrophysical Modeling

Plotting

Volume Calculation

Well Design

Process Manager

Petrophysical Modeling
Objectives
Deterministic techniques Stochastic techniques Setting filters Using many realizations Define zones

Discuss Different Petrophysical Modeling Techniques Learn How to Use Common Settings Learn How to Use Zone Settings Use The Different Algorithms Property Calculator

Sequential Gaussian Simulation QC results

Overview

If well logs are up-scaled, they can be used in Deterministic and Stochastic modeling If no logs are available, deterministic methods cannot be used, only unconditional stochastic methods.

Deterministic

Interpolation with smooth effect Kriging, Moving average

Petrophysical
Stochastic Regenerate local variation
Sequential Gaussian Simulation SGS

Common Settings

Two main buttons are available: Common Zone Settings Define Common settings for all zones: Use filter Ensure that all cells get a value Number of realizations

Zone Settings
1. Define Zone settings for each zone: A. Press the Zones button. B. Select zone of interest from the dropdown menu. 2. Select proper modeling technique: A. Press the padlock button to open the settings for the selected zone B. Select a method from the drop-down menu for the zone

1A 1B

2 A 2 B

Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) Set Up


1A 1. Property and zone selection A. Make sure to pick the correct upscaled property ([U] as suffix). B. Select SGS as method for the zone. 2. Variogram tab: A. Specify Range, Nugget and Type B. or get a variogram from Data Analysis 3. Distribution tab: Select Standard and From Upscaled logs Used if upscaled logs Used if no/few upscaled logs From distribution function

2B

1B

2A

Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) Results

SGS is a krig-based stochastic method Needs a variogram. Will honor the distribution of the input data (upscaled logs). Petrel will automatically do a Normal score transformation before the simulation, and will backtransform the data. The output is distributed in a blurry manner.

QC Results
1-3 4

QC results in a histogram: Go to the Settings for the Property and select Histogram tab Check that the Histogram follows the distribution from: 1) 2) 3) Raw logs Upscaled cells 3D grid

Filter: 4) Use Zone filter 5) Filter on other property values by pressing the filter button and go to Property filter in Settings for the Properties folder.

Property Calculator SW Property Example

SW is a function of height above fluid contact, permeability and porosity. Two main options: 1) Type in a simple expression. This requires: Above Contact property from Geometrical modeling. Function (imported or made in Petrel (SW vs. height)).

x
2) Load a more advanced expression (.mac/.txt file): Toggle From file, browse and Run.

More Petrophysical Modeling in Petrel

Property Modeling course (3 days)

Data analysis and basics of geostatistics Data preparation, including well correlation Facies Modeling; sequential indicator simulation, facies transition simulation, object facies modeling (adaptive channel), interactive facies modeling Petrophysical modeling; data analysis, porosity modeling, permeability modeling Modeling based on seismic attributes

EXERCISE
Petrophysical Modeling