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Choithrams

Contents
Data Warehousing Customize SAP R/3 for SAP BW Customize SAP BW for SAP R/3 Define Source System Create Data Source in SAP Replicate Data Sources Naming Convention in SAP BI Common SAP BI Transactions Difference Between SAP BW 3.5 & SAP BI 7.0 Infocube Creation Using SAP BI 7.0 Open Hub Service Using SAP BI 7.0 Operational Data Store (ODS) using SAP BW 3.5 Process Chain Creation using SAP BW 3.5 Running a Query (BEx) for Data Extraction

Data Warehousing
Data Warehouse (DW) is a concept where in data is stored in database in summarized format and based on reporting requirements of business. The data can then be analyzed using data mining techniques to gain advantages over business rivals. DW provides a set of functionalities. DW can extract data from various data sources (e.g. flat file, tables, etc.) and stored data in its own databases. DW also provides functionalities for query and analysis. Business Warehousing is one of the concept which is used to setup a data warehouse. DW is designed considering reporting and analytical requirements of business. SAP BW provides solution related to business warehousing where in data can be transformed, cleansed, loaded, scheduled, monitor and reported based on business reporting requirements

In Online Transaction Processing (OLTP, e.g. SAP R/3, ECC), normalization is used as database design technique where in same information is available only at one place. Objective of normalization is to avoid data redundancy and data integrity issues. Hence if an information is updated at one place, there is no need to update it at another place and updated information is available where ever it is retrieved.

Star Schema
To facilitate data retrieval from data warehouse, a special database design technique is used which is called 'Star Schema'. Star Schema uses a Fact table and several Dimensional tables. Fact table is a central table which is surrounded by many dimensional tables. Hence the name Star Schema.


Fact Table: At the center Dimensional Table: Surrounding (Customer, Product and Location)
A star schema consists of many dimensions, hence term Multidimensional Analysis is also used. One dimension can have many attributes. These attributes allows to drill up and down to analysis data. In the example, dimension 'Location' has one of the attribute as 'Region'. Hence, reporting can be done at region level as well.

Customize SAP R/3 for SAP BW

SAP R/3 (OLTP) system needs to be customized so that data can be extracted in SAP BW. To extract data, one needs to activate the standard business content. For each application (e.g. SD, MM, etc.), there are data sources for extracting Master and Transactional data. 1) Log on to SAP R/3 system 2) Execute transaction SBIW 3) Go to 'Business Content Data Sources' 4) Click 'Transfer Application Component Hierarchy'


5) In the confirm prompt: 'Do you want content application Transfer Component Hierarchy', press 'Yes 6) Confirmation message will appear related to transfer component hierarchy 7) Repeat step 2 & 3, click 'Business Content Data Sources'

Data Sources are extraction structure. They have list of fields. They are classified as Master Data Sources and Transactional Data Sources. Master data sources are divided in Attributes, Texts and Hierarchies. 8) Select the SAP Application Component, mark the data source and select Activate Data Source