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PROJECT:

IODOMETPY
&
IODIMETPY
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
Quantitative CIassicaI ChemicaI AnaIysis Quantitative CIassicaI ChemicaI AnaIysis
Titrations
Acid-base Precipitation Complexometric Redox
Gravimetry
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
":antitative Classical Chemical Analysis
Titrations
Acid-base Precipitation Complexometric Redox
Titrations involving iodine (
2
)
odimetry
odometry
odometric titration of copper
Gravimetry
Dichromatometric
Permanganimetric
ifferent types of Titrutions
Titrutions EumpIes
Acid-bose Cuonfificofion of ocefic
ocid in vineqor
CompIexomefri
c
Cuonfificofion of
chIoride (CI
-
) in wofer
Precipifofion Wofer Hordness (CoIcium
ond moqnesium)
Pedox Cuonfificofion of
hydroqen peroxide (H
Z
O
Z
)
CIussificution TubIe
Titrution
eumpIe
AnuIyte Titrunt Indicutor
Acid-bose
Cuonfificofion of
ocefic ocid in
ovineqor
Acefic ocid
(CH
3
COOH)
MoOH (sodium
hydroxide)
PhenoIphfhoIein
CompIexomefric
Wofer Hordness
(CoIcium ond
moqnesium)
CoIcium ond
moqnesium (Co
Z+
,
Mq
Z+
)
EDTA Eriochrome bIock
T
Murexide
Precipifofion
Cuonfificofion of
chIoride (CI
-
) in
wofer
ChIordie AqMO
3
(siIver
nifrofe)
Mohr, VoIhord,
Foons
Pedox
Cuonfificofion of
hydroqen
peroxide (H
Z
O
Z
)
Hydroqen peroxide
(H
Z
O
Z
)
IMnO
4
(pofossium
permonqonofe)
Mo indicofor
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
Titrutions
W Direcf Tifrofions
W Indirecf Tifrofions
W ock Tifrofions
W Iodomefry
Titrutions & reuctions invoIved
%itrations ExampIe %ype of reaction
Acid-base ":antification of acetic acid in
vinegar Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
CompIexometric ater Hardness (Calci:m and
magnesi:m) Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
!recipitation ":antification of Cl
in ater
Mohr
Method Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
Fajans
Method Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
Volhard
Method Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
#edox ":antification of hydrogen peroxide
(H
2
O
2
) Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
%itrations ExampIe %ype of reaction
Acid-base ":antification of acetic acid in
vinegar Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
CompIexometric ater Hardness (Calci:m and
magnesi:m) Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
!recipitation ":antification of Cl
in ater
Mohr
Method Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
Fajans
Method Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
Volhard
Method Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
#edox ":antification of hydrogen peroxide
(H
2
O
2
) Direct Titration ndirect Titration Back Titration
Direcf Tifrofions
irect titration
anaIyte titrant product
:nknown known
ExampIe: Quantification of acetic acid in
vinegar
CH
3
COOH NaOH CH
3
COONa H
2
O
Redo titrutions
%ere are a lot of redox titrations .lassified a..ording to
te titrant used.
1) Permanganimetric: Titrant KMnO
4
2) Dichromatometric: Titrant K
2
Cr
2
O
7
3) Titrations involving iodine (I
2
)
-Iodimetry
-Iodometry
Titrations tat .reate or .onsume I
2
are widely used in
quantitative analysis.
Reducinq Aqents
A reducinq uqent is fhe eIemenf or compound in o redox
reocfion fhof reduces onofher species. In doinq so, if
becomes oxidized, ond is fherefore fhe eIecfron donor in
fhe redox.
amples of redu.ing agents:
%e a.tive metals sodium, magnesium, aluminum, and
zin.,
NaH, CaH
2
, and LiAlH
4
, wi. formally .ontain te H
-
ion.
Oidisinq Aqents
An oiduizinq uqent is fhe eIemenf or
compound in o redox reocfion fhof oxidoizes
onofher species. In doinq so, if becomes
reduced, ond is fherefore fhe eIemenf or
compund fhof qoin eIecfrons.
amples:
permanganate (MnO
4
-
), .romate (CrO
4
2-
), and di.romate
(Cr
2
O
7
2-
) ions, sodium ypo.lorite (blea.) as well as nitri.
a.id (HNO
3
), per.lori. a.id (HClO
4
), and sulfuri. a.id
(H
2
SO
4
)
IOIMETRY
Iodimetry: A direct titrution with onIy 1 reuction:
unuIyte + titrunt (iodine I
Z
) product (iodide I
-
)
unknown known
en a redu.ing analyte is titrated wit iodine (te titrant),
te metod is .alled iodimetry
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
en a redu.ing analyte is titrated wit iodine (te titrant),
te metod is .alled iodimetry
xample: Quantification of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
C
6
H
8
O
6
+ I
2
C

H
6
O
6
+ 2I
-
+ 2H
+
Iodine rapidly oidizes as.orbi. a.id, C
6
H
8
O
6
, to produ.e
deydroas.orbi. a.id, C
6
H
6
O
6
.
As.orbi. a.id Deydroas.orbi. a.id
IOOMETRY
Iodometry is te titration of iodine (I
2
) produ.ed wen an
oidizing analyte is added to e.ess I
-
(iodide).
%en te iodine (I
2
) is usually titrated wit standard thiosulfate
solution.
Iodometry: Not u direct titrution becuuse there ure Z reuctions:
unuIyte + I
-
I
Z
unknown
I
Z
+ titrunt (stundurd thiosuIfute) product
Inown
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
xample: Quantification of Copper
Analyte of
unknown
.on.entration
%itrant
-standrard sol:tions: sodi:m
thios:lfate
-known concentration
2 Cu
2+
+ 4I
-
2CuI + I
2
I
2
+ 2S
2
O
3
2-
2I
-
+ S
4
O
6
2-
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
Iodimetric titrutions:
o) A reducinq onoIyfe
b) One reocfion
c) Sfondord soIufion Iodine (I
Z
)
Iodometric titrutions:
o) An oxidizinq onoIyfe
b) Two reocfions
c) Sfondord soIufion Sodium fhisoufofe
APPLICATIONS
AnoIyficoI oppIicofions
Iodimetric titrations:
Species analyzed (reducing analytes)
SO
2
H
2
S
Zn
2+
, Cd
2+
, Hg
2+
, Pb
2+
Cysteine, glutatione, mer.aptoetanol
Glu.ose (and oter redu.ing sugars)
Se.tion of a protein stru.ture
Sour.e: ttp://en.wikipedia.org
APPLICATIONS
AnoIyficoI oppIicofions
Iodometric titrations:
Species analyzed (oxidizing analytes)
HOCl
Br
2
IO
3
-
, IO
4
-
O
2
, H
2
O
2
, O
3
NO
2
-
Cu
2+
MnO
4
-
, MnO
2
Titrution of Copper
Second: Pre-treatment of te sample
In tis lesson: Iodometric titration of copper
Sample: Copper wire (solid)
First: Dissolve te sample
.opper wire Cu
0
dissolution Cu
2+
Copper ion: oidizing agent
Introduction to iodometric und iodimetric
titrutions
Third: Iodometri. titration
Analyte of
unknown
.on.entration
%itrant
-standrard sol:tions: sodi:m
thios:lfate
-known concentration
2 Cu
2+
+ 4I
-
2CuI + I
2
I
2
+ 2S
2
O
3
2-
2I
-
+ S
4
O
6
2-
Y Y Y Y
IPPA PAMDEY IPPA PAMDEY
PH/I0I7/Z0I0 PH/I0I7/Z0I0