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CYNTHIA O.

IGLESIA LAOAG PAGASA STATION

Climate Information
y Refers to average weather (rainfall, temperatures,

winds, relative humidity, cloudiness, etc) of the place over a period which long enough to establish its statistical properties such as mean values, variances, probabilities and extreme events.

Climate Type in the Philippines


Rainfall is the single weather element used to determine the type of climate;  Four types of Climate


Type I
Two pronounced seasons, dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. Maximum rain period is from June to September during the prevalence of the southwest monsoon. The dry season lasts from three to six or seven months. This type of climate is found in the Ilocos Region, western part of Mt. Province, west of Nueva Ecija, Central Luzon, Metro Manila, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Tarlac, Pampanga, Bulacan, Bataan, Zambales, Occidental Mindoro, southern parts of Antique and Iloilo, the northwestern part of Palawan and the southern parts of Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental.

Seasonal Occurrences of Weather Systems


y y y y y

Monsoons Tail end of cold front Intertropical convergence zone Easterly Wave Tropical Cyclone

SOUTHWEST MONSOON
 

N W S E


Locally known as HABAGAT ; Wind is coming from the southwest which very warm and humid; Characterized by heavy rainfall that may last for a week or more especially when there is tropical cyclone east of the country; Affects the country from Jun to September and; The western sections of the country mostly observed maximum rainfall during the period.

NORTHEAST MONSOON
N W S E
  

Locally known as AMIHAN ; Occurs when the cold and intense Asiatic winter anticyclone developed; From the Siberia as a cold and dry air mass, it gathers moisture as it travels across the Pacific ocean reaching the Philippines in the northeast direction; Affects the Philippines especially the eastern sections from October to March and; Characterized by widespread cloudiness with rains and thunderstorms.

Tail End of Cold Front




Occurs when a region of moving cold air mass overtakes a region of moving warm air mass; Characterized largely by an increased cloudiness and heavy rains; Affects the Philippines during the northeast monsoon period specifically from November to February; Eastern parts of the country recorded most of the associated rainfall

Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)


y ITCZ oscillate by season; y it positioned south of the equator from January to March; y along or a little bit north of the equator in April and May; y then oscillate farther north of the country till September and; y gradually go down by October.

Mean Position of the ITCZ

Easterly Waves

perturbations or oscillation embedded in the easterly currents which move from east to west; also known as inverted V formation; the area west of the of the wave trough is characterized by subsidence (fair weather) while the eastern side by convergence (disturbed weather); affects the country in varying intensities; frequent occurrence during the summer months and or during the transition period; accompanied by cloudiness and rains usually along the eastern coasts/orographic obstacles; and on the weather chart from surface up to 300 hPa easterly component is observed.

- wavelike

Tropical Cyclone
TD 35-63KPH TS 64-117KPH T >118KPH #1 <60kph-36h #2 61-100kph-24h #3 101-185kph-18h #4 185kph-12h

Weather systems

Monsoons
(northeast, southwest)

Intertropical Convergence Zone Cold fronts Easterly waves Tropical cyclones

WIND VELOCITY, RAINFALL , TEMPERAURE, TROPICAL CYCLONE OCCURRENCES

Average Wind Velocity (1981-2010)


SPD 3 mps
N

3
N FEB

2
NW MAR

2
NN W APR

2 W
MAY

3 SW
JUN

2 SW
JUL

3 SW
AUG

2 NW
SEP

3 NE
OCT

3 NE
NOV

3 NE
DEC

DIR
JAN

Average Rainfall in millimeters (1981-2010)

J
7.2 1

F
3.3 1

M
7.2 1

A
29.8 1

M
205.9 9

J
313.1 14

J
470.0 18

A
570.4 19

S
413.8 15

O
128.4 7

N
32.8 3

D
3.3 1

Temperature ( ) 1981-2010

Average Number of Tropical Cyclone Occurrences (1981-2010)


2.5
2

1.5 1 0.5 0 Jan eb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oc Nov Dec
3 TD 3 TS 2T

TC

Month January February March April May June July Classification TD TD T TS T T T TD TD T TS T T TS TD T T T

2006 TROPICAL CYCLONE Maximum Wind Name Duration Agaton* 21-24 Basiang* Caloy** Domeng** Ester** Florita Glenda Henry** Inday** Juan* Katring** Luis** Melenyo^^ Neneng^^ Ompong Paeng Queenie Reming^^ 6-7 17-18 24-26 6-9 10-14 23-26 29 1 6-7 8-9 14 14-16 25-29 1-5 12-13 27-31 10-11 28 3 7-12 18-19 18-SW 15-SE 15-SSW 20-SW 15-S

Rainfall

Highest Signal in Effect

66.6 16.2 101.2 536.3 159.7 2.9 4.7 4.2 1.3 331.6 0.7

2 2

August

September

10-NE 12-N 11-N 15-NE 14-NNE 14-N 13-NNE 14-NNE 11-ENE

October

November

11.8 36.6 0.2

2 2

December T T Seniang^^ Tomas^^

trace 3.8

2007 Mont Classification January February Marc April May June July August TROPICAL CYCLONE Maximum Wind Name Duration Highest Signal in Effect

Rainfall

Typhoon

Amang*

18 to 20 11 to 13 5 to 7 8 to 9 13 to 18 13 to 14 15 to 18 27 to 30 1 to 7 26 3 to 7 19 to 28 21 to 28 16.6 224.6 398.9 258.3 65.1 29.1 51.6 30.4 92.7

Typhoon Bebeng** Tropical Storm Chedeng** Tropical Storm Dodong** Typhoon Egay September Typhoon Falcon* Typhoon Goring** Tropical Storm Hanna October Typhoon Ineng Tropical Storm Juaning* November Typhoon Kabayan Typhoon Lando* Typhoon Mina December

16 SW 17 SSW 10 SSW 11 North 13 NW 16 NNE 23 North

1 1 2 3

Mont Classification January February Marc April May June July

2008 TROPICAL CYCLONE Maximum Name Duration Wind

Rainfall

Highest Signal in Effect

TS T TS T

Cosme Frank Helen Igme

16-18 22-23 14-16 25-28

10-NW 20-SSW 14-WSW 27-WSW

62.2 0.4 972.5 307.1

3 2 2 2

August

TS T TD TS T T TD

Julian Karen Lawin Marce Nina Ofel Pablo**

3 to 5 19-21 27-28 8to12 21-25 26-30 1 to 2

10-S 30-SW 10-SW 12-N 28-SW 14-S 10-SSW

107.1 426.4 44.8 151.9 296.0 1.4 15.9

1 3 1 1 3 1

September

October

November

TD TD

Rolly** & Quinta**

9 to 10

12-N

62.4

Mont Classification January February Marc April May June July

2009 TROPICAL CYCLONE Maximum Wind Name Duration

Rainfall

Highest Signal in Effect

TS TS TD TS TS TS T

Emong Feria** Gorio Huaning** Isang Jolina Kiko

5 to 7 24 - 25 9 to 11 12 to 14 16 to 18 Jul31 to 2-Aug 3 to 9 10-SW 12-SW 19-SW 13-SW 19-SSW

74.8 0.4 429.0 10.1 419.5 168.4 27.9

1 2 1 1

August

September

October

TS TD TD TS T TS TD

Labuyo** Maring Nando Ondoy^^ Pepeng Ramil Tino^^

3 to 5 9 12 to 13 24 to 25 2 to 9 22 to 23 2 to 4

12-SSE 14-NNE 30-SSW 14-NNW 17-NNE

45.8 3.8 203.9 29.0 843.4 6.5 9.9

1 1 3 3

November

2010 Tropical Cyclone Tracks

2010 Mont Classificatio n JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST TROPICAL CYCLONE Maximum Wind Name Duration Highest Signal in Effect

Rainfall

TS TS TD TS TS T T T

DOMENG ESTER FLORITA GLENDA HENRY INDAY JUAN KATRING

4 TO 6 7 TO 9 28 TO 29 30 TO 31 3 TO 4 18 TO 19 17 TO 22

12SW 13S

4.8 118.9 5.8 64.8 42.2 16.8 24.6

#2 #1

SEPTEMBER OCTOBER

12SW 18N

#3