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Here is the lesson objectives:

1. What is the significance of Cry of Pugad Lawin?


2. When did the Cry of Pugad Lawin happen?

3. Why is it called cry?
4. Where is the first Cry happen? Is it in Pugad Lawin or
01 The Revolt of the Masses
Significance of The Cry of Pugad Lawin

02 Cry of Pugad Lawin

When did it happen?

03 Behind the ‘Cry’

Meaning behind ‘cry’

TABLE OF 04 The Cry for a Nationwide Revolut

CONTENTS Where it all started.

• A historical event during the struggle for Philippine
• It was the starting signal of the Philippine Revolution.
• Andres Bonifacio and his comrades from the Katipunan
tore their cedulas in the hills of Balintawak.
The Revolt of the Masses
• The Cry of Pugad Lawin, also referred to as the Cry of Balintawak,
was a historical event during the struggle for Philippine independence.

• It was the starting signal of the Philippine Revolution

• Its historic significance to us consists of the realization that the Filipino

people had finally realized the lasting value of freedom and independence
and the need to fight in order to prove themselves worthy to be called a
truly free people.
• It was the first instance when the will power of an oppressed people was
unified and ultimately succeeded in overthrowing
an oppressive foreign ruler, then a world power.

• The Cry of Pugad-Lawin is a milestone in Philippine history. It marked

the beginning of the bloody revolution in the Philippines.

• The Cry of Pugad-Lawin was the capstone of the numerous rebellions the
Filipino people launched against
foreign rule in the country.

Cry of Pugad Lawin
Valenzuela’s date (23 August ) in his memoirs
conflict with 1928 and 1930 photographs of the
surveys with several Katipunan officers, published
in La Opinion, which claim that the Cry took place
on the 24th.

August 23, 1896

“Cry” took place on August 23, 1896; at a site
known as Pugad Lawin, situated in what today is
Bahay Toro, Quezon City, which in 1896 had been the
house and yard of Juan Ramos.
The Conflicts

• The “Cry of Pugad Lawin” (August 23, 1896)

cannot be accepted as historically accurate or
precise of the location and date.

• The later accounts of Pio Valenzuela and Guillermo

Masangkay on the tearing of cedulas on 23 August
are basically in agreement, but conflict with each
other on the location.

• Masangkay’s final statement has more weight as it is

was corroborated by many eyewitnesses.

• The above facts render unacceptable the official

stand that the turning point of the revolution was
the tearing of cedulas in the “Cry of Pugad Lawin”
on 23 August 1896, in the Juan Ramos’s house in
“Pugad Lawin” Bahay Toro, Kalookan
Behind the “Cry”
• Originally the term "Cry" referred to the first skirmish between
the Katipuneros and the Civil Guards (Guardia Civil).

• Other definitions of the term have been made over the years, but today it is popularly
understood to refer to the tearing of community tax certificates (cédulas
personales) by the rebels to mark their separation from Spain.

• This was literally accompanied by patriotic shouts.

• Teodoro Agoncillo defined "the Cry" as the tearing of cedulas, departing from
The Cry for a
Nationwide Revolution
Valenzuela memoirs (1964, 1978) states that the Cry took place on 23
August at the house of Juan Ramos at Pugad Lawin.

A great granddaughter of Tandang Sora protested the use of toponym

“Pugad Lawin” which, she said, referred to a hawks nest on top of a tall
sampaloc tree at Gulod, the highest elevated area near Balintawak.

The events of 17-26 August 1896 occurred closer to Balintawak than to

Kalookan. Traditionally,people referred to the “Cry of Balintawak” since that
barrio was a better known reference point than Banlat.

BALINTAWAK In any case, “Pugad Lawin” is not historiographically verifiable

outside of the statements of Pio Valenzuela
in the 1930s and after.

Cry for a Nationwide Revolution
There is marked disagreement It is clear that the so-called Cry
among historical witnesses as to of Pugad Lawin of 23 August is
the place and the time of occurrence an imposition and erroneous
of what is at present generally interpretation, contrary to
known as the indisputable and numerous
"Cry of Pugad Lawin." historical facts.

The NHI influenced by

Valenzuela’s memoirs, in 1963, The centennial of the Cry of
upon the NHI endorsement, Balintawak should be celebrated on
President Diosdado Macapagal 24 August 1996 at the site of the
ordered that the Cry be barn and house of Tandang Sora in
celebrated on 23 August and Gulod, now barangay Banlat,
that Pugad Lawin be Quezon City
recognized as its site.
Alto, Gien Kimlet
Avillo, Charlene
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