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MICRO PERSPECTIVE OF TOURISM AND HOSPIATLITY

SOCIOLOGY OF TOURISM
SOCIOLOGY
• Is the science of society, social
institutions & social relationships
• The study of development, structure
and behavior of organized groups of
human being
EFFECTS ON THE
INDIVIDUAL
• Travelers must manage their money and time
not to mention their social interactions and
relation obtain sustenance, shelter and other
needs to fins companionship
• Determine the extent of the cultural distance
they may wish to maintain
EFFECTS ON THE FAMILY
• As a FAMILY is growing and the children are
maturing, the trips taken as family are
highlight of any year
• Family travel can be educational
• The more purpose and educational becomes,
the more beneficial it is.
EFFECTS ON THE SOCIETY
• Travel has a significant influence on national
understanding and appreciation of the people
• The presence of visitors in a country affects
the living patterns of indigenous people
NEGATIVE SOCIAL EFFECTS OF
TOURISM ON A HOST SOCIETY
• Introduction of undesirable activities such as gambling
• Demonstration effect: local people want same luxuries, imported goods as
tourists
• Racial tension
• Development of servile attitude of tourist business employees
• Trinketization of arts and crafts
• Standardization of employees roles
• Loss of cultural pride
• Too rapid change in local ways
• Disproportionate numbers of worker in low-paid, menial jobs
HOW INDIVIDUAL
CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCE
TRAVEL BEHAVIOR
• The impacts of AGE
• The impacts of INCOME
• The impacts of EDUCATION
• The impacts of SEXUAL
ORIENTATION
• The impacts of DISABILITIES
THE EMERGENCE OF
GROUP TRAVEL PATTERNS
TRAVEL CLUBS
• Group of people, sometimes with a
common interest who have formed travel
organization
LOW PRICED TRAVEL GROUP
• A tour is arranged often at a reasonable
cost
PUBLIC CARRIER
• Airlines make special rates available for
groups
INCENTIVE TOUR
• Fastest growing group arrangement tours
provided by a company
SPECIAL INTEREST TOURS
• Tours are arranged for those interested in
agriculture, architecture and etc.
SUMMARY OF PRINCIPAL SOCIAL
EFFECTS OF TOURISM
• Vacations, special business trips among life’s most vivid
memories
• Family vacations taken together among highlights of
the year’s activities
• Visitors in an area can affect the living patterns of locals
• People of a particular country can have their lives
changed
SUMMARY OF PRINCIPAL SOCIAL
EFFECTS OF TOURISM
• Most satisfying relationships when hosts and guests meet
and interact socially (i.e., reception, tea, cultural event)
• Tourists can be easy victims of crime; hosts can help
them avoid dangerous places
• Resentment of visitors by locals can occur
• Tourism development can bring undesirable social
effects (prostitution, gambling, drunkenness, unwanted
noise, congestion)
SOME STRIKING ANOMALIES
OF TRAVEL BEHAVIORS
• Desire for relaxation versus activity
• Desire for familiarity versus novelty
• Desire for dependence versus autonomy
• Desire for order versus disorder
BARRIERS TO TRAVEL
COST
Travel competes with other
allocations of funds
LACK OF TIME
Travel competes businesses and
jobs
HEALTH
Poor health keeps a person at
home
FAMILY STAGE
Parents sometimes don’t travel
because of family obligations
LACK OF INTEREST
Un awareness of travel
destinations
FEAR AND SAFETY
Things unknown are often
feared
THANK YOU!