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PALM OIL BIODIESEL AS

AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL
FOR CI ENGINE.
Seminar by
GANESH SHANKAR PULAVALE.
[TE-A]Roll no. 25

Guide
MR.V.P.WAGH
Department of Mechanical Engineering

SINHGAD TECHNICAL EDUCATION SOCIETY’S


RMD SINHGAD SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING,
Pune
2020-21
1
CONTENTS
1. Introduction:
2. Literature Review
3. Objectives and scope
4. Applications
5. Benefits
6. Case study
References
INTRODUCTION
•Biodiesel is a non-toxic, biodegradable and
renewable fuel with the potential to reduce
engine exhaust emissions. The methyl ester
of palm oil, known as biodiesel, is receiving
increasing attention as an alternative fuel for
diesel engines.

•Biodiesel is typically made by chemically


reacting Lipids (Ex. Veg.oil,animal fats)
with an Alcohol produces Fatty Acid Esters
•The primary incentive for using biodiesel is that it is a nontoxic,biodegradable, and
renewable fuel. Further advantages over Petroleum based diesel fuel include a
high cetane number, low sulfur,low aromatics, low volatility and the presence of
oxygen atoms in the fuel molecule.

•These features of biodiesel lead to its greatest advantage, which is its potential for
emission reduction including CO, HC, solid carbon particles (SOL) and PM. A
number of research studies have proved the positive benefits of biodiesel on diesel
engine emissions.
WORKING PRINCIPLE
LITERATURE REVIEW
SR NAME OF TITLE OF PAPER AUTHOR YEAR OF
NO. JOURNAL PUBLICATION
/BOOKS

1 Egyptian Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions M.M. 2019


Journal of Sayed d
Petroleum

2 Fuel A novel inspection of mechanisms in conversion of Ómar 2019


refined palm oil to biodiesel with alkaline catalyst Rojas,

3 Energy Performance and emission analysis of a diesel S.Bari 2018


Procedia engine running on palm oil diesel(POD)

4 Fuel Biodiesel production from palm oil and mixed Vladimir 2017
dimethyl/diethyl carbonate with controllable cold Plata
flow properties
 OBJECTIVES
 To learn how to make palm oil biodiesel.
 To study transesterification process.
 To introduce importance of biodiesel.
 To discuss the different challenges in biodiesel.
 Advantages and application
SCOPE
 These features of biodiesel lead to its greatest advantage, which is its
potential for emission reduction including CO, HC, solid carbon particles
(SOL) and PM.
 A number of research studies have proved the positive benefits of biodiesel
on diesel engine emissions.
APPLICATIONS
 British Train Operating company Virgin Train run the UK’s First Biodiesel
train Which was converted to run on B20.
 The Royal Train completed its first journey on 15 sep. 2007 on B100
Biodiesel fuel & since 2007 Royal train has operated successfully on
B100 Biodiesel.
BENEFITS

 In spite of its benefits, the production of biodiesel doesn’t appear to be as harmless as its
massive employment promises: according to The Economist, the tree Elaeis Guineensis
needs several years to begin to produce fruit; the strong demand for the oil of this plant has
caused a rapid increase in their prices, “making food and cooking oil more expensive for
the poor”.
 Representatives of the veteran American NGO Sierra Club have taken advantage of the
recent interest from journalists to warn of the harmful effects of the generalized use of
biodiesel as an alternative to fossil fuels.
 One of the global warming experts from the organization, Daniel Becker, assured the
newspaper The Washington Post that to develop biodiesel plantations on a grand scale
would require the elimination of crops and the burning of more contaminating fuels by the
machinery used.
 Although biodiesel doesn’t produce acid rain, doesn’t damage human health and drastically
diminishes greenhouse gases, it elevates the level of nitrous oxide when employed in mass,
one of the causes of particulate contamination in the cities, or “smog”.
CASE STUDY
Production Procedure of Biodiesel
POWER OUTCOME
COMPARISON OF BIODIESEL & DIESEL.
CONCLUSION
 The viscosity of vegetable oil reduces substantially after transesterification.
The density and viscosity of the Palm oil methyl ester formed after
transesterification were found to be very close to petroleum diesel oil. The
flash point of PME was higher than that of diesel oil.
 The brake thermal efficiency is higher as compared to diesel at part and full
load. The brake specific energy consumption is lower as compared to diesel at
all loads. Exhaust gas temperature is higher with blends of biodiesel as diesel.
The maximum cylinder gas pressure is lowerfor biodiesel blends and diesel.
 There is a significant reduction in smoke emission and unburned hydrocarbon
for all blends of biodiesel at part and full loads. Smoke and HC emission was
further reduced with an increase in blending of POME. Biodiesel leads to
higher Nox levels as compared to diesel.
REFERENCES