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Computer Fundamentals

by
Anita Goel
A World of Computers
What is computer literacy?
 Knowledge and understanding
of computers and their uses
 Computers are everywhere
• At home
• At school
• At work

p. 5-6 Fig. 1-1 Next


What Is a Computer?
How is a computer defined?
 Electronic device operating under the control of
instructions stored in its own memory

Data: Collection of unprocessed


data
Information: It convey meaning
and useful for people

p. 6 Next
What Is a Computer?
What is the information processing cycle?
 Input
 Process
 Output
 Storage
 Communication

p. 6 Fig. 1-2 Next


The Components of a Computer
What is an input device?
 Hardware used
to enter data
and instructions

Click to view Web Link,


click Chapter 1, Click Web Link
from left navigation,
then click Input Devices
below Chapter 1
p. 7 Fig. 1-3 Next
The Components of a Computer
What is an output device?
 Hardware that
conveys
information
to one or more
people

Click to view Web Link,


click Chapter 1, Click Web Link
from left navigation,
then click Output Devices
below Chapter 1
p. 8 Fig. 1-3 Next
Computer
• Types of Computer
What is the difference between Analog
computers and Digital Computers?

• Digital computers work on signals which are not continuous while Analog computers work
on signals which are continuous.
• Digital computers are vastly used in different companies and other places today while
Analog computers were mostly employed in the past and currently are only used for
experimentation purposes.
• Analog computers are slower in speed because of their mechanism while Digital
computers are faster in speed as compared to Analog.
• Analog computers are less reliable when it comes to obtaining values while Digital
computers are more reliable in calculations.
• Analog computers have a complicated interface while Digital computers have a user-
friendly
• Digital computers can have memory up to several terabytes while Analog computers have
a particular
• An example of Analog devices is mercury thermometer while a good example for Digital
devices is digital weighing machines.
Reference: https://www.difference.wiki/analog-computer-vs-digital-computer/
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers
What are the advantages of using computers?

Speed Reliability Consistency

Storage Communications

p. 10 Next
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers

What are the disadvantages of using computers?

Violation of Impact on
Privacy Labor Force

Impact on
Health Risks
Environment

Public Safety

p. 10 Next
Computer Applications in Society

What are some examples


of computer applications
insociety?
Education
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Science
 Publishing
 Travel
 Industry

p. 32-36 Figs. 1-36–1-43 Next


Assignment Topic

The evolution of computers through


generations
Submission date : 07-10-2019
submit hard copy of assignment (minimum 5
pages)
Font size 12 with 1.5 line spacing.
Also mention reference of data collected