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 Optical fiber is comprised of a light carrying


core surrounded by cladding.
 Which traps the light in the core by
the principle of total internal reflection.
 Most optical fibers are made of glass
although some are made of plastic.
 The core and cladding are usually fused
silica glass which is covered by a plastic
coating called the buffer or primary buffer coating
 which protects the glass fiber from physical
damage and moisture.
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 Workers who install Telephone


and CATV fiber optic networks do
much of their work outdoors, .

 They operate big machines

 Then they bring the ends of the


cables into special trucks or
trailers

 Outside plant installations


require more investment in the
tools and test equipment.
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 Computer and security networks use


lots of fiber which is installed
inside buildings.
 left is in a crowded
telecommunications closet of a bank

 while the right photo was taken in a


computer room in the basement of a
hundred year old college hall.
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