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The Life of Rizal

Born on June 19, 1861
Jose Protasio 01 Moonlit of Wednesday between eleven and midnight at lakeshore town of Calamba,
Mercado Rizal Y
Alonso Realonda History of Rizal’s Name
02 JOSE- Was chosen by his mother who was a devotee of the Christian Saint San Jose.
PROTACIO- From Gervacio P. which come from a Christian calendar.
MERCADO- Adopted in 1731 by Domigo Lamco (the paternal great-great grandfather
of Jose Rizal) which the Spanish term Mercado means market in english
RIZAL- from the word “Ricial” in Spanish means a field where wheat, cut while still
green, sprouts again.
ALONZO- old surname of his mother
Y- and
REALONDA- it was used by Dona Teodora from the surname of her godmother based
on the culture by that time.

Baptism of Rizal
03 • June 22, 1861- aged three days old was baptized in the catholic church
• Father Rufino Collantes- a Batangueno, the parish priest who baptized Rizal
• Father Pedro Casanas- Rizal’s godfather, native of Calamba and close friend of
the Rizal Family.

Rizal Family
RIZAL’S PARENTS Lucia (1857-1919)
 Don Francisco Mercado (1818-1898) -married to Mariano Herbosa of
-born in Binan, Laguna on May 11, 1818 Calamba
 Dona Teodora Alonso Realonda
(1826-1911) Maria (1859-1945)
-born in Manila on November 8, 1826 -Biang was her nickname

THE RIZAL CHILDREN Jose (1861-1896)

-Eleven children—two boys and nine girls-the greatest Filipino hero and
Saturnina (1850-1913) peerless genius
-oldest of the Rizal children
Concepcion (1862-1865)
Paciano (1851-1930) -her pet name was Concha
-older brother and confident of Jose Rizal
Josefa (1865-1945)
Narcisa (1852-1939) -her pet name was Panggoy
-her pet name was Sisa
Trinidad (1868-1951)
Olimpia (1855-1887) -Trining was her pet name
-Ypia was her pet name
Soledad (1870-1929)
-youngest of the Rizal children

Education of Rizal BACK

Rizal goes to Binan,Laguna:

- June, 1869 Rizal left for Binan
- Was accompanied by Paciano his older brother
- He was taught by Maestro Justiniano
Life and Studies in Ateneo - In academic studies, Rizal beat all Binan boys
- Ateneo De Municipal established by the Jesuits - He surpassed them all in Spanish, Latin, and other subjects
- Rizal entered in 1872
- He belonged to the class composed of Spaniards, Medical Studies in University of Sto. Thomas (1877-1882)
mestizos and Filipinos
- His teacher was Fr. Jose Bech - After graduating , he continued his education at UST
- He was considered as an inferior and was placed at - He finished a year in Philosophy and Letters
the buttom of the class - He decided to shift to a medical course
- During his 4th year in Ateneo he received 5 medals - UST was under the Dominicans , rival of the Jesuits in education
and graduated as sobresaliente - Remained loyal to Ateneo participated in extracurricular activities in Ateneo and
- He graduated on March 23, 1877(16 years old) completed a course in surveying
- Received the degree of bachelor of arts, with highest - As a Thomasian he won more literary laurels
honors not a valedictiorian - During his first term in 1877-1878 in UST, he studied Cosmology, Metaphysics ,
Theodicy and History of Philosophy.
- It was during the school term 1878-1879 that Rizal pursued his studies in medicine

Opthalmology studies Jose Rizal earned a Licentiate in Medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid, where
- Jose Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to he also took courses in philosophy and literature. It was in Madrid that he began writing
specialize in ophthalmology. Among all branches, he chose Noli Me Tangere. He also attended classes in the University of Paris and, in 1887, he
this specialization because he wanted to cure his mother’s completed his eye specialization course at the University of Heidelberg. It was also in
failing eyesight. that year that Rizal’s first novel was published in Berlin.
- In 1885, after studying at the Universidad Central de
Madrid, Rizal, who was then 24 years old, went to Paris to
acquire more knowledge in ophthalmology
Let us be Just
Rizal's Annotations to Morga's 1609 Phillipine Philippine Affairs
History More on the Negros Affair
Sa Mga Kababaihang Taga Malolos The Indolence of the Filipinos
To The Young Women of Malolos Cowardly Revenge
The Indolence of the Filipino A Reply to Mr. Isabelo de los Reyes
Filipinas dentro de cien anos F. Pi y Margall: The Struggles of Our
The Phillipines A Century Hence Times
How the Philippines is Governed
Le Filippine entro cento anni
On the Calamba Incidents
Como se gobiernan las Filipinas
Como si governano le Fillipine
NOLI ME EL The Rights of Man
Executives of the town of Calamba
El Consejo de los Dioses
The Council of the Gods
Constitution of the Liga Filipina
Justice in the Philippines
Junta Al Pasig
Along the Pasig
(Touch Me Not) (The Reign of Greed)
Proposed Agreement between the
British North Borneo Company and the
Saint Eustache, Martyr Filipino Colony
Poor Friars!
Unfortunate Phillipines is an 1887 novel by José To the Filipinos
Farewell to 1883 the Subversive or Subversion,
Rizal, one of the national By-laws of the Association of Dapitan
Reflections of a Filipino as in the Locsín English Farmers
Rizal's speech honoring Luna/Hidalgo heroes of the Philippines Date for my Defense
translation, are also possible
Note on the Maremagnum during the colonization of Manifesto to some Filipinos
Tribute to Blumentritt translations, also known by its Additions to My Defense
the country by Spain, to The Philippines as a Spanish Colony
Rizal's speech delivered at Cafe Habanero English alternative title The
Petition of the town of Calamba describe perceived The Parents of Rizal
Reign of Greed, is the second Manila in the Month of December 1872
Order of the Marquis of Malinta inequities of the Spanish The People of the Indian Archipelago
MA-YI novel written by Philippine
Catholic friars and the Notes on Melanesia, Malaysia, and
Tawalisi of Ibn Batuta national hero José Rizal. Polynesia
Filipino Farmers ruling government. Mi Ultimo Adios
To "La Defensa" Sa Aking mga Kabata
How to Deceive the Native Later A Fragment
The Truth for All Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo
Vicente Barrantes' Teatro Tagala
Flower Among Flowers
A Profanation Goodby to Leonor
New Truths Hymn to Labor
Cruelty Dalit sa Paggawa
Differences Hymn to Talisay
To our Dear Mother Country Kundiman
To "La Patria" Mi Retiro
Inconsequences Canto del Viajero
To the Child Jesus
Tears and Laughter
To the Virgin Mary
Ingratitude Water and Fire
Reply to Barrantes' Criticism of the Noli me Constitution of the Liga Filipina
tangere The Vision of Fr. Rodriguez
Nameless By Telephone by Dimas Alang
The Philippines at the Spanish Congress
BACK Additions to my Defense
To Barrantes on the Tagalog Theater
The Religiosity of the Filipino People
3 May 1882
Rizal left Philippines for the first time Spain. He
boarded the Salvadora using a passport of
Jose Mercado, which was procured for him by
his uncle Antonio Rivera, father of Leonor
Rivera. He was accompanied to the quay
where the Salvadora was moored by his uncle
Antonio, Vicente Gella, and Mateo Evangelista.
17 May 1882
Rizal arrived at Punta de Gales.

2 June 1882 18 May 1882

He arrived at the Suez Canal en route to At 7:30 a.m., he left Punta de Gales for
Marseilles. Colombo. In the afternoon, Rizal arrived
at Colombo and in the evening the trip
was resumed.

11 June 1882
Rizal disembarked and, accompanied by a guide,
went around the City of Naples for one hour. This
was the first European ground he set foot on.

15 June 1882 Your Text Here

He left Marseilles for Barcelona in an express train You can simply impress your
audience and add a unique
BACK zing.
v el i f e
l ’s L o
Riz a

There were at least nine women linked with

Rizal; namely Segunda Katigbak, Leonor
Valenzuela, Leonor Rivera, Consuelo Ortiga,
O-Sei San, Gertrude Beckette, Nelly
Boustead, Suzanne Jacoby and Josephine
Bracken. These women might have been
beguiled by his intelligence, charm and wit.

Exile in the Philippines Execution and Legacy After a show trial, Rizal was TRIVIA:
Rizal returned to the In 1895, Rizal asked for convicted of sedition and sentenced Not all Rizal’s skeletal
Philippines in 1892, permission to travel to to death by firing squad. Rizal's remains were buried
feeling he needed to be Cuba as an army doctor. public execution was carried out in under the monument in
in the country to effect His request was Manila on December 30, 1896, when Luneta.
change. Although the approved, but in August he was 35 years old. His execution
A vertebra or a piece of
reform society he 1896, Katipunan, a created more opposition to Spanish
the backbone of Rizal was
founded, the Liga Filipino nationalist Filipino rule. allegedly hit by the bullet
(Philippine League), society founded by Spain's control of the Philippines was claimed by his family
supported non-violent Andres Bonifacio, ended in 1898, though the country and is bow displayed at
action, Rizal was still revolted. Though he had did not gain lasting independence the Rizal Shrine, Fort
exiled to Dapitan, on the no ties to the group and until after World War II. Rizal remains Santiago.
island of Mindanao. disapproved of its violent a nationalist icon in the Philippines
During the four years methods, Rizal was for helping the country take its first
Rizal was in exile, he arrested shortly steps toward independence.
practiced medicine and thereafter. BACK
took on students.