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QUALITATIVE

VS
QUANTITATIVE
QUALITATIVE – from the root word
“Quality”

QUANTITATIVE – from the root word


“Quantity”
Qualitative Quantitative
Subjective Objective
Research questions answer what Research questions answer how
and why many or strength of
relationship or difference
Literature review may be done Literature review is usually
as the study progresses done before the study
Develops theory Test theory
Interpretative Measurable
Reports rich narrative, Report statistical analysis
individual interpretation. Basic element of analysis is
Basic element of analysis is numbers
words/ideas
Research is part of the Researcher is separate
progress
Participants Subjects
Context dependent Context free
Reasoning is dialectic and Reasoning is logistic and
inductive deductive
Describes meaning, discovery Established relationships and
causation
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
- Is more subjective than a quantitative
research.
- This usually involves gathering, analyzing,
and interpreting data based on observations made
about the participants of the study.
- These data can be in the form of ideas,
actions, symbols, metaphors derived usually from
in-depth observations and interviews.
- This aims to interpret meanings,
descriptions, and symbols.
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
BELOW ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
TOPICS:
1. Student’s images of Chemistry
2. Gender and Cultural gaps in the classroom
3. Science practices of the Mangyan tribe
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
- Research questions are usually geared
toward measuring hypothesis using statistical
tools.
- This is more objective than qualitative
research.
- The methods also predetermined and
structured.
- This follows a certain sample size in the
use of the subjects or respondents of the
study.
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
BELOW ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
TOPICS:
1. Population rate in Metro Manila in the next 20
years.
2. Growth performance of organic pertilizers.
3. Garbage disposal in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi in the
past 5 years.
METHODS USED IN
QUALITATIVE AND
QUANTITATIVE RESEARHC:
QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE
Preference for precisely Preference for narrative/literary
describing procedure descriptions of procedures
Preference for narrative
Data reduced to numerical scores
descriptions
Preference for random sampling Preference for expert informant
for obtaining meaningful samples samples
Preference for statistical Preference for narrative summary
summary of results results
Willingness to manipulate
aspects, instructions, or Unwillingly to tamper with
conditions in studying complex naturally occurring phenomenon.
phenomenon.