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MEMORY

STORAGE DEVICES
DRIVE INTERFACES
BINARY
BYTES
DECIMAL
LESSON 2

PERFORM MENSURATION
AND
CALCULATION
LO.1

SELECT COMPONENTS TO BE
MEASURED
MEMORY
-Is technically any form of electronic
storage.
-it is used most often to identify fast,
temporary forms of storage.
ROM - READ-ONLY MEMORY
• (ROM) chips are located in the motherboard.
-ROM chips contain instructions that
can be directly accessed by the CPU.

-ROM chips retain their contents


even when the computer is powered
down.
RAM - RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY
• (RAM) is the temporary storage for data
and programs that are being accessed by
the CPU.
• RAM is volatile memory, which means that
the contents are erased when the
computer is powered off.
• Early computers had RAM installed in
the motherboard as individual chips. The
individual memory chips, called dual
inline package (DIP) chips, was difficult
to install and often became loose on the
motherboard. To solve this problem,
designers soldered the memory chips on
a special circuit board called a memory
module.
TYPES OF MEMORY MODULE
1. Single In-Line Memory Module (SIMM)

-It comes with a 32-


data bit path to the
computer that
requires 72 pin
connector.
2. Dual In-Line Memory Module (DIMM)
-DIMM module is 168
pins.

-DIMM supports 64-bit


data transfer, it steadily
replaced SIMM; one
DIMM can be installed
instead of two SIMM
modules.
3. Small Outline DIMM
-It allows greater
flexibility in designing
the memory slots for
laptops.

-The first SO DIMM


used 72 pins and
supported 32- bit data
transfer.
STORAGE DEVICE
•The storage device is any type of
hardware that stores data.
•Storage drives read or write
information on magnetic or optical
storage media.
TYPES OF STORAGE DEVICES
1. Floppy Disk Drive
• is a storage device that uses
removable 3.5-inch floppy
disks.
• These magnetic floppy disks
can store 720 KB or 1.44 MB
of data.
2. Hard Drive
A hard drive, or hard disk drive, is a magnetic
storage device that is installed inside the computer.
3. Optical Drive
• An optical drive is a storage device that uses
lasers to read data on the optical media.
TYPES OF OPTICAL DRIVES
1. Compact Disc (CD)
2. Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) – large
amount of data
3. Blu-ray Disc (BD) – stores several
hours of video
4. External Flash Drive
• also known as a thumb drive

• a removable storage device that connects to a USB


port.
DRIVE INTERFACES
• Hard drive and optical
drives are
manufactured with
different interfaces
that are used to
connect the drive to
the computer.
TYPES OF DRIVE INTERFACES
1. IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
- also called Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) is
an early drive controller interface that connects
computers and hard disk drives. An IDE interface uses a
40-pin connector.
2. SATA- Serial ATA
-refers to the serial version of the ATA
drive controller interface. A SATA interface
uses a 7-pin data connector.
3. SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
- is a drive controller interface that can
connect up to 15 drives.
-SCSI interface uses a 50-pin , 68-pin, or 80-
pin connector.
IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PICTURES.