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WATERFALL MODEL
(definition & example)
waterfall model
a project management methodology based
on a sequential design process

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waterfall
◇ flow from one to another
◇ pools filling completely before water
spills into next pool

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waterfall model
a project management methodology based
on a sequential design process

finishes one phase before another phase


can begin

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a simple waterfall model has six phases:
◇ requirements gathering and analysis
◇ system design
◇ implementation
◇ integration and testing
◇ deployment of system
◇ maintenance
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Requirement Gathering
and Analysis
1 starts with the concept or the idea of
what the customer wants to do
Requirement Gathering and Analysis

◇ needs the software will address


◇ problems the software will
resolve
◇ functionalities the customer
desires

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System Design
2 includes the logical design and the
physical design
System Design

◇ Implementation cannot begin


until the design phase is
formally closed.

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Implementation
3 building the design into actual
software
Implementation

◇ Often, software is built in units


and integrated into a whole at a
later point.

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Integration and Testing
4 testing the software against the
requirements
Integration and Testing

◇ Once all verification actions are


done and the phase is deemed
complete, the project moves to
the next phase.

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Deployment of system
5 the actual release of the new
software into the information
technology environment
Deployment of system

◇ This phase may be broken into


units to allow for ongoing
deployment and maintenance.

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Maintenance
(or stabilization period)
5 the phase of the project in which
initial issues are resolved
Credits/Source
study.com

Laury Hales

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Advantages and
Disadvantages
Pros Cons
◇ easy to understand ◇ not flexible
◇ easy to manage ◇ doesn’t handle
◇ has fewer production unexpected risks well
issues ◇ not a good for
◇ offers better budget complex or long term
management projects
◇ difficult to capture all
requirements up front

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Credits/Source
study.com

Laury Hales

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