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Median for Ungrouped Data

• denoted as 𝑥෤ and usually referred


as the midpoint.
Steps to follow:
1.The data should be arranged from least
to greatest.
2.If there is an odd number of numbers, the
median is the middle number.
3.If there is an even number of numbers,
the median is the average of the two
middle numbers.
Example:
■ Find the median of the given scores.
23 25 30 19 21 23 28 25

19 21 23 23 25 25 28 30

෤ (23+25)/2
𝑥=
= 24
Mode for Ungrouped Data
■ The mode of the data is the number that occurs most
often.
■ If no number is repeated, then the data has no mode.
■ If one number is repeated, then the data has
unimodal.
■ If two numbers are repeated in the same times, it is
bimodal.
■ If three or more numbers are repeated in the same
times, it is multimodal.
Example:
■ Find the mode of the given scores.

19 21 23 23 25 25 28 30

X= 23 and 25
* bimodal
Median for Grouped Data
𝑛
−𝑐𝑓𝑏
2
■ Formula: 𝑥෤ = 𝑥𝑙𝑏 + 𝑖
𝑓𝑚

Where: 𝑥𝑙𝑏 = lower class boundary of the median class


𝑐𝑓𝑏 = cumulative frequency before the median class
𝑓𝑚 = frequency of the median class
n = total number of frequency
𝑖= class width or class size
Steps to follow:
1. Construct the cumulative frequency column.
2. Determine ½ of the total number of values, n/2
3. Determine the value of the cumulative frequency before
the median class, 𝑐𝑓𝑏 .
4. Determine the frequency of the median class, 𝑓𝑚 .
5. Determine the lower boundary of the median class, 𝑥𝑙𝑏 .
6. Determine the class width 𝑖, the difference between two
consecutive lower limits.
7. Substitute the values obtained in the formula.
Example:
Determine the median using the frequency distribution below.

Scores Frequency
60-64 2
65-69 5
70-74 9
75-79 10
80-84 8
85-89 7
90-94 5
95-99 4
n=50