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Kompetensi Dasar


By : Amelya Baiti Nur’aini (162120106)

Kompetensi Dasar
3.8 Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur
kebahasaan beberapa teks naratif lisan dan tulis dengan
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait legenda rakyat,
sederhana, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
Kompetensi Dasar
4.8 Menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi
sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks
naratif, lisan dan tulis sederhana terkait legenda
Narrative Text

a report of connected events, real or imaginary,

presented in a sequence of written or spoken words,
sounds, still or moving images, or a combination of
these or other such sensory experiences

The communicative purpose is to entertain the

Generic Structure
It is about the opening paragraph where
1. Orientation the characters of the story are introduced.
(what, who, when, where)

Where the problems in the story

2. Complication developed. (the problems develop)

Where the problems in the story is solved.

3. Resolution (happy ending or sad ending)
Grammatical Features
• Action verbs in past tense form (ran, asked, walked)
• Nouns as pronoun (The Princess, The King, etc.)
• Adjectives that forms noun phrase (short brown hair, two
monkeys, etc.)
• Time connective and conjunctions (and then, before, soon,
• Adverbs and adverbial phrase (here, in the mountain, happily
ever after etc.)
Kind of Narrative Text

Legend Fable
(Lake Toba, Rawa Pening, etc.) (Crocodile and Mouse Deer)

Fairy tale Myth

(Cinderella, Snow White, etc.) (Aji Saka and Dewata Cengkar)

1. What type of the text is used by the writer?

2. What is the communicative purpose of this text?
3. What is the generic structure of the text above?
4. Who came into a little village?
5. How was his condition ?
6. When did the old woman give the boy a “lesung”?
7. Where did the boy see the people gathering?
8. Why could the boy and the old woman be safe?
Answer keys :
1. Narrative text
2. To entertain the readers
3. Orientation, complication, resolution
4. The little boy
5. He was very hungry and weak
6. When the boy wanted to leave
7. On the field
8. Because the boy used the “lesung” as a boat and picked
up the old woman
1. Identify the action verbs used in the text above! (min. 5
2. Find the adjectives that forms noun phrase!
3. Mention the adverbial phrase that are found in the text!
4. Identify the conjunctions in the text above!
5. Write your opinion about the moral value!
Answer keys:
1. knocked, asked, cared, wanted, helped, gave, reminded,
thanked, continued, was passing, saw, came, challenged, tried,
succeeded, laughed, stepped, pulled, spouted, flooded, saved,
told, used, picked, became
2. A little poor boy, a little village, a big wooden mortar, the
generous old woman, a huge lake
3. Into a little village, at every door, on the field, in the ground
4. And, but, finally, so, suddenly, as
5. If you want to get a kindness, be a kind person.