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Asset Allocation
Asset Allocation Idea / Need:

• The performance of the assets may vary from year to year and is not
easily predictable
• Mixture of assets becomes more like to meet the goals
• Fundamental idea: different asset classes offering non-correlated
returns (or inversely correlated) can be pooled together in a portfolio
for diversification …
• A good AA would reduces risks or variability of returns
• AA becomes ineffective if done within similar or correlated asset
classes

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Asset Allocation
How to decide on the Asset Allocation
Asset Allocation depends upon the return that the investor is looking at.

• If your Investor is targeting a return of 10 % what you will Suggest?


• I will suggest him an asset Allocation

Equity 50%
7.5%
Return @ 15 %

Debt 50%
2.5%
Return @ 5 %
10%

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Asset Allocation
• Rajesh & Amit two friends in 1980 both were aged 25
years

• Rajesh was a very smart investor while Amit was an


average investor both of them had an investible surplus
of 5 lacs

• Rajesh Decided to put 4.5 Lacs in PPF , Bank FDs and


other debt instruments and played with the balance 0.5
Lacs in the stock market

• While Amit thought he needs an asset allocation of 50%


in Equities (Amit invested in BSE Sensex stocks) & 50%
in Debt

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Asset Allocation
• Rajesh Equity investments outperformed market returns by
25% (or Amits’ Returns)

AT 50 , Rajesh –Equity outperforms by 25% 47.00 Lacs


Rajesh s- Debt grew @ 10% ca to 48.75 Lacs
------------
Net Wealth 95.75 Lacs
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While Amit an average investor
AT 50, Amits Equity grew @ 17% ca to 125.00 Lacs
Amits Debt grew @ 10% ca to 27.00 Lacs
----------
Net Wealth 152 Lacs
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Benefits of AA
Asset allocation is the primary determinant of long-term portfolio
performance rather than superior product selection or market timing

Asset allocation is a key


factor in determining the
success of your
investment strategy.
According to a widely
recognized financial study
by Brinson, Singer & Bee
bower published in the
Financial Analyst's Journal
in 1991, asset allocation
can account for up to
91.5% of portfolio
performance.

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Asset Allocation

Primary Focus …
Asset Allocation
Impact on Return in Long Term

Size Timing
Sector Selection
Stock Selection
Style Timing
Market Timing

Probability of Success
`

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Asset Classes
Broad Classes

Growth Income Preservation

Equities Bonds Cash

Real Estate FIS / Mortgages Gold

Equities

Market Cap Style Origin

Large Cap Growth Domestic


Mid Cap Value International
Small Cap Blend

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Asset Allocation & Returns

Return Derived from Asset


Allocation

Return Derived from Asset


Allocation

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Portfolio Management Strategies
Different approaches to management of Asset Allocation

• Original ‘base AA established’ – for goal / as per Profile


Fixed
• Regular rebalancing to adjust back to the original AA
Asset Allocation • The original AA remains fixed during the entire life of investment

• Original ‘base AA established’


Flexible • No rebalancing of the portfolio is done
Asset Allocation • With Portfolio horizon, AA keeps changing

• Rebalancing of AA according to the valuation of the markets


Tactical • Forecasting / predicting returns from markets / sectors / assets
Asset Allocation • Creating value from market situations / trends
• Original AA is restored when ST targets are met

Strategic • Original ‘base AA established’ – for goal / as per Profile


Asset Allocation • Regular rebalancing to adjust back to the original AA
• May be changed to reflect change in Profile / Life stage

Refer to Sheet (AE Module – ‘AA PMS’)


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