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COMPOSITES

APPLIED IN

AEROSPACE
AND
NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS
FIELD

MADE BY
PRASAD N. RAUT (SCH66)
PRAJWAL V. CHAUDHARI (SCH74)
SNEHAL G. NALAWADE (SCH58)
INTRODUCTION

What is Composites:-
It Is a material consisting of two or more
materials which have different physical or
chemical properties combined together in a
proper content and fashion to produce a new
material properties that are different from the
properties of those individual materials.
WHY COMPOSITES IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY AND
REACTOR FIELD ?

The main aim of the aerospace/aircraft Carbon and carbon fiber reinforced materials
industries is to reduce weight keeping the use in nuclear reactors, due to their excellent
thermal and mechanical properties.
same or more strength than the regular The mechanical strength of C/C composites
metals have. This is why the composites increases with temperature, in compared to
use in aerospace field. the strength of metal and ceramics.
TYPES
OF COMPOSITES USED IN AEROSPACE & NUCLEAR
REACTOR FIELD
• Carbon Fiber Composites (CFC)
• Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites (GFRP)
• Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites (CFRP)
• Glass Laminate Aluminium Reinforced Epoxy (GLARE
• Silicon Carbide fiber (SiC)

CFRP

Glare CFC GFRP


EXAMPLE OF USE OF
COMPOSITES IS AEROSPACE INDUSTRY AND NUCLEAR
POWER REACTOR FIELD
Boeing 787
Components that uses
composites
• Upper and lower wing skin
• Radom
• Wing flaps
• Elevators
• Vertical fin
Use of composite is 80% by volume and 50% by weight.
• Horizontal Stabilizer
B-2 Bomber
• B-2 Bomber is made by Carbon or Epoxy
material.
• It is specially design for absorb radar waves.
• Weight of B-2 bomber is 71,700 kg which is
not that big when we compared with the
normal plane/jet.
Very High Temperature reactor

Ceramic materials, coatings, composites


(CMCs) and metal hybrids are being
developed and tested to allow for higher
nuclear reactor operating temperatures
to increase power generation capacity,
extend the service life and improve the
accident tolerance of existing nuclear
plants.
GFR GAS FUEL COOLED REACTOR
ADVANTAGES OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL

• Corrosion resistance
• Fatigue resistance
• Light weight
• High heat resistance
• High strength to weight ratio
• Low density
• High stiffness.
APPLICATION OF COMPOSITES IN AEROSPACE
• Spoiler
• Elevators
• Helicopter Blades
• Wing Flaps
• Satellite
• Missile
• Rockets
APPLICATION OF COMPOSITE IN NUCLEAR
POWER REACTOR FIELD

• Control rods (VHTR)


• Control rod support (VHTR)
• Core Structure ( GFR)
• Fuel Pins (GFR)
INTRODUCTION
• Carbon and carbon fiber reinforced materials use in nuclear reactors, due to their excellent
thermal and mechanical properties.
• Carbon fiber reinforced composites or the so called carbon/carbon (C/C) composites are a
synthetic materials consisting of carbon fibers reinforced in a carbon matrix. They possess
densities ranging from 1600–2000 kg/m3, much lower than those of metals and ceramics.
• The mechanical strength of C/C composites increases with temperature, in compared to the
strength of metal and ceramics.