Sei sulla pagina 1di 7

SPANDEX

ASSIGNMENT 1
FABRIC SCIENCE
BY- HRISHIKA AGARWALA
(BFT/19/96)
 Spandex is a synthetic polymer.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
 It is an elastomer, which means it can 1)Tensile strengths
be stretched to a certain degree and it range – 2)Elongation: 450-
616-994 kg/cm ² 700%.
recoils when released.
(8800-14200 lb/in²)
 These fibers are superior to rubber
because they are stronger, lighter, and
more versatile.
 Spandex fibers are produced as 2.a).At 500% elongation 2.b)At 200 % elongation
-> 90% elastic recovery. ->98% elastic recovery.
monofilaments, e.g. of round cross-
section, or as partly-fused
multifilament.
3)Moisture regains: Is
4)Specific gravity: 1.2 to
low 1.0 to 1.3 per cent.
1.25.
(Vyrene has about 0.3%)
THERMAL PROPERTIES
Effect of Sunlight: Acids: Most fibres have a
Resistance generally is Effect of Age: Spandex good resistance to cold
Alkalis: Resistance to
excellent, with discoloration fibers show little dilute acids, but may be
alkalis is really good.
occurring in some cases on deterioration on ageing. attacked under more severe
prolonged exposure. conditions.

General: Good resistance


Spandex fibers are to most common Organic Solvents: Good
commonly thermoplastic, chemicals, including resistance to most common
sticking becoming Melting points are in the chemicals, cosmetic oils, solvents, including dry
noticeable in some cases as range 230-290°C. lotions and bleaches. Good cleaning solvents.
low as 150°C, but in others resistance to oxygen.
as high as 280°c.

Most spandex fibers are not Insects: Completely Micro-organism:


damaged by temperature resistant completely resistant
used in ironing, dry
cleaning, laundering, low
ironing temperature.
GLYCOL
STRUCTURE DIISOCYANATE

Chemically, it is made up of a long-chain polyglycol combined with a


short diisocyanate, and contains at least 85% polyurethane.
USES:
• Garments where comfort and fit are desired: Hosiery, swimsuits,
aerobic/exercise wear, ski pants, golf jackets, disposable diaper, waist bands.
• Compression garments: Surgical hose, support hose, bicycle pants, foundation
garments
• Shaped garments: Bra cups.
THE FUTURE
• Scientists have found that by changing the starting prepolymers they can
develop fibers which have even better stretching characteristics.
• Other characteristics can be improved by using different prepolymer ratios,
better catalysts, and various fillers
• Advanced fabrics will be produced which incorporate spandex fibers with
conventional fibers.
• Currently, nylon/spandex fiber blends are available. Finally, improvements in
manufacturing will also be discovered. These will focus on producing fibers
faster and more efficiently.
THANK YOU!
REFERENCES
:HANDBOOK OF TEXTILE FIBRES VOL.II BY J GORDON COOK
TEXTILES FIBER TO FABRIC BY BERNARD P. CORBMAN
WWW.MADEHOW.COM