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Proposal New HO parameter

Layering shift Traffic

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Huawei Performance Team

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Proposal New HO Parameter : Layering shift traffic

Objective

 Shifted Traffic to DCS band more due to DCS band more capacity and later on will
be more frequency and better in term of Quality, While have to HO to GSM, The signal
of GSM still good signal Strength.

 Try to keep the call on the best server

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Background
Traffic and Call drop distribution

Summary :-

 Cell type distribution => DCS : 42 % , GSM : 58%

 Traffic distribution => DCS : ~30 % , GSM : ~70%

From traffic and cell type distribution it still can move


more traffic to DCS

Cell Drop number distribution


=> DCS : ~25 % , GSM : ~75%

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Background
HO Failures Cause : BMKS7

From the HO failures majority are :-


 DCS – GSM : High Failure by cause Uplink Signal Strength.
 DCS – GSM : High Failure by cause Better Cell.
 DCS – GSM : High Failure by cause Other Cause.

Improper setting Adjacency parameters

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Background
Current - Parameter setting network
Current Setting
No Cell Parameter
GSM DCS
1 LAYER 4 3

Current Network Setting


No HOCell Parameter DCS GSM
Range Majority Range Majority
1 Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold 10 - 15 13 6 - 13 10

2 Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold 18 - 20 18 10 - 20 20

3 Inter-layer HO Threshold 10 - 30 25 12 - 32 15

4 Inter-layer HO Hysteresis 3 3 3 3

5 Min UP Power on HO Candidate Cell 6 - 20 13 6 - 20 10

6 Min DL Power on HO Candidate Cell 12 - 25 15 12 - 25 15

Current Network Setting


No HO Adjacency Parameter DCS-DCS DCS-GSM GSM-DCS GSM-GSM
Range Majority Range Majority Range Majority Range Majority
1 InterCell HO Hysteresis 4 -8 4 4 -8 4 -1 - 6 4 0 -8 4

2 PBGTMargin 4-8 4 -7 - 8 4 -11 - 6 4 -7 - 8 4

3 BQMargin -1 - 7 -1 -1 - 3 -1 -9 - 3 -1 -8 - 5 -1

4 Adj Int-layer HO Hysteresis 3-5 3 1-8 3 -1 - 5 3 -1 - 5 3

5 Minimum Access Level Offset 0-4 0 0-4 0 0-4 0 0-4 0

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Background
Current - Parameter setting network
Parameter majority setting of BMKS7

Inter Layer HO criteria for serving cell in the


Inter layer will triggering when
adjustment state
DCS >= -82 dBm
GSM : >= -98 dBm (DCS might be -105 dBm)

Over lapping area


between adjustment
triggering Layering and
EDGE HO

- 82 dBm

DCS : <= - 92 dBm

The EDGE HO will triggering


GSM band approximately stronger At this point GSM might be -85 dBm
than DCS and 7 dBm. consider still good signal strength

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Parameter HO Concept
Concept :-
1.For GSM HO to DCS : will be triggering by Inter Layer HO
2.For DCS HO to GSM : will be triggering by Edge HO

Inter Layer Handover

Layer HO threshold adjustment


Serving cell criterion
Receive level >= layer HO threshold – layer HO hysteresis
Neighbor cell criterion
Receive level >=layer HO threshold + layer HO hysteresis

Triggering

Target cell :
Layer of the Target cell is lower than the serving cell.
Receive level of the Target cell > Inter -layer cell threshold + Inter-layer cell
hysteresis.

Target cell should be ranked higher than the serving cell

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Parameter HO Concept

EDGE Handover

Edge HO Criterion:
In N seconds, when there are P seconds that the DL or UL signal level is lower
than the Edge HO threshold, Then the criterion is met and Edge HO occurs.

Requirements for the Target cell:


The target cell should be ranked higher than the serving cell.
Remove the serving cell from the candidate cell list
The neighbor cells should meet the P/N (Edge HO Valid Time (s)/Edge HO
Watch Time (s) criterion.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


New HO Parameter Propose
Concept
Managing to keep call in best server cell
By HO triggering area
Inter Layer HO criteria for serving cell in the
adjustment state
GSM : >= -81 dBm (DCS might be -88 dBm)

Inter layer will triggering when


DCS >= -85 dBm

DCS : >= - 85 dBm

DCS : <= - 90 dBm

The EDGE HO will triggering


GSM band approximately stronger At this point GSM might be -83 dBm
than DCS and 7 dBm. consider still good signal strength

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


New HO Parameter setting Propose
Cell & Adjacency parameter
Setting
No HO Cell Parameter
GSM DCS

1 Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold 8 15

2 Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold 12 20

3 Inter-layer HO Threshold 32 22

4 Inter-layer HO Hysteresis 3 3

5 Min UP Power on HO Candidate Cell 10 10

6 Min DL Power on HO Candidate Cell 15 15

Setting
No HO Adjacency Parameter
DCS-DCS DCS-GSM GSM-DCS GSM-GSM

1 InterCell HO Hysteresis 68 68 68 68

2 PBGTMargin 69 69 69 69

3 BQMargin 65 62 71 65

4 Adj Int-layer HO Hysteresis 67 67 67 67

5 Minimum Access Level Offset 3 0 3 0

Remark : Minimum Access Level Offset: This parameter is based on "HOCDCMINDWPWR" and
"HOCDCMINUPPWR“

** Neighboring cell downlink level >= ("HOCDCMINDWPWR" + "MINOFFSET")

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


New HO Parameter setting Propose
HO margin for each relation concept

Setting
No Margin Relation Concept
DCS-DCS DCS-GSM GSM-DCS GSM-GSM

InterCell HO Hysteresis
1 4 4 4 4
(Level Margin)
PBGTMargin
2 5 5 5 5
(PBGT Margin)
BQMargin
3
(Bad Quality Margin)
3 6 -3 3
Adj Int-layer HO Hysteresis
4 3 3 3 3
(Inter Cell Margin)

5 Minimum Access Level Offset 3 0 3 0

Remark : For BQMargin This parameter is used with "INTERCELLHYST" to calculate the bad quality
handover hysteresis.

** Bad quality handover hysteresis = (Value of "INTERCELLHYST " - 64) - (Value of this parameter – 64)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


Thank You
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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential