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Rizal’s Higher Education at UST
Rizal’s higher education started in college, after
completing his bachelor of arts (a high school
diploma equivalent). His higher education was
spent most in UST.
Both Paciano and Don Francisco wanted
Rizal to enter a university but Dona Teodora
opposed the idea because the Spaniards might
“cut-off his head”
In April, when Rizal was nearly 16 years old,
he enrolled at UST. He took up Philosophy and
letters because his father liked it.
At first, he was attracted to priesthood,
(he would have been a Jesuits priest) but the
Jesuits father wanted to him to take up
farming but Rizal’s choice was between
literature, law and medicine.
Having received Father Pablo Ramon’s (Rector of
Ateneo) advice him to study medicine. He took up
medical course enrolling simultaneously in pre-
medical course and regular medical course.
While, at UST, he also studied at ateneo taking
up vocational course leading to the title perito
agrimensor (expert supervisor). He excelled in all
subjects in surveying course and obtained gold
medals in agriculture and topography.
While at ateneo pursuing the surveying course,
he became active in extracurricular activities.
And he was elected as president of the
academy of Spanish literature and at same
time he was also the secretary.
He passed the final examination in the
surveying course and granted a title as
surveyor in November 25,1881 .
Rizal studied at UST from 1878 to 1882. His
grade in the medicine subjects consisted of 2
Excellent, 3 Very good, 8 Good and 2 Fair (physics,
General pathology. the subjects of which he got
excellent grades were cosmology and Methaphysics ,
theodicy, history and philosophy (philosophy and
letters in all Ateneo) and chemistry in and
therapeutics and medicine in (UST ).
During his college days at UST and Ateneo , Rizal
as involved in brawls and spanish brutality.
 During summer vacation in 1878
while walking on a dimly street not knowing the
figure close to him, he did not greet and say “good
The vague figure (turned out to be a lieutenant)
struck Rizal’s back with his sword. The wound
though not serious, lasted for two weeks. He
reported the incident to Pardo de Tavera, but
nothing came out of his complaint.
After completing the fourth year term in
medicine, Rizal decided to study in Spain
because he could no longer endure the
discrimination and oppression because of the
Spaniards, the professors were more liberal
than those in UST.
Rizal’s Journey
While at UST, he fell in love with three

1. “Miss L” – during his first year at UST.

 Fair, seductive and attractive eye
 The romance died like a natural death because of two reasons:
1. the sweet memory of Segunda Katigbak (the first sweetheart
of Rizal).
2. Rizal’s father did not like the family of “Miss L”.
2. Leonor Valenzuela (Orang) – during sophomore
o Tall girl with regal bearing
o He sent her love notes in invisible ink (combination of
salt and water).
o Nevertheless, he taught Orang to heat it over a
candle or lamp so that the words may appear.
3. Leonor Rivera – during his junior year.
o From Camiling, Tarlac
o Frail and pretty girl
o Student of La Concordia College
o Both Rizal and Leonor were engaged
o “Taimis” – used by Rizal as a sign name to camouflage
their relationship from their parents
Segunda Katigbak?
o Rizal’s first love
o Fourteen year-old lady from Lipa, Batangas whom he met
during one of his visits to his maternal grandmother in Trozo,
Manila (His old grandmother was a friend of Katigbak
family of Lipa).
o Close friend of Rizal’s sister (Olimpia)
o Love at first sight
o Engaged to her town mate, Manuel Luz.
Did you know
that Rizal is
that most
Travelled Filipino
1. MAY 3, 1882
using the name JOSE MERCADO.
His main reason in
leaving the Philippines
was to transfer at
University Central de
Madrid in Spain to finish
his medicine course.
2. MAY 8, 1882
o Had a stop over at Singapore and English Colony.

o He reached the island considered by him as

“Talim Island with Susong Dalaga”
3. MAY 11, 1882

4. MAY 17, 1882
o He arrived at POINT GALLE (PUNTA
DE GALLO), a seacoast town in
southern Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).
Accdg. to Rizal, the town is
picturesque, lovely, quiet, and sad.
5. MAY 18, 1882
o Rizal described Colombo as
more beautiful, smart,
elegant than Singapore,
Point Galle, and Manila.

COLOMBO, Capital of Ceylon

6. MAY 28, 1882
Djemnah crossed the Indian Ocean until it reached Cape of Guardafin,

Rizal called Africa as

famous but
inhospitable land.

Then he reached Aden, where he

saw Camels for the first time
7. JUNE 2, 1882

o From Aden, he proceeded to

Suez Canal.
o He was impressed of the
moonlight which reminded
him of Calamba.

8. JUNE 11, 1882

Steamer Djemnah proceeded to

Europe and reached Naples City,

The City is busy because of its

business activity, lively people
and panaromic beauty.
Naples City
o Rizal was fascinated by Mt. Vesavius, the Castle of
St. Telno, and the historic sights of the city.
9. JUNE 12, 1882
o The steamer Docked at French Harbour
Marseilles to visit Chateau d’ef where
Dantes, the hero in the Count of Monte
Cristo was jailed.
o He stayed at Marseilles for two and half
days at Hotel Noailles.

10. JUNE 15, 1882


11. JUNE 16, 1882


June 15, 1882- from port Buo, Rizal
continued his trip for the last trip to Spain.
The steamer reached Pyrenees and stopped
for a day at Bou. In this place , Rizal saw
the indifference accorded to tourist in
comparison to the courtesy accorded by the
French immigration officers.
June 16, 1882- from port Bou, Rizal continued his
trip for the last lap by train from Spain and finally
reached his destination - Barcellona, Spain.
Rizal had a bad impression of Barcelona – ugly,
dirty little inns, inhospitable people. Later, he
changed his mind and came to like the city – as a
great city with an atmosphere of freedom and
liberalism, and the people were open-hearted,
hospitable, and courageous.
Rizal Life
Rizal was welcomed by the Filipinos in
Barcelona, some of whom were his classmates
in Ateneo. They gave him a party at their
favorite Cafe-Plaza de Catalina. They
exchanged toast and they told Rizal of the
attractions and customs of the people in
Barcelona. Rizal, in turn, gave news and
gossips in the Philippines.
Rizal received two (2) Bad News:
The first bad news was about the cholera
outbreak that ravaged Manila and the
The second bad news was the chatty letter of
Chenggoy recounting the unhappiness of
leonor Rivera, who was getting thinner due
to the absence of love.
November 3, 1882 - on the advice of Paciano to
Rizal, to finish medical course in Madrid. Rizal left
the Barcelona in the fall of 1882 and went to
Madrid, the capital of Spain.
November 3 1882, he enrolled in the Universidad
Central de Madrid (Central University of Madrid) in
medicine and philosophy and letters.
Life in Madrid
 Rizal live frugally, rigidly budgeting his
money wisely.
 He spent his leisure time by reading
books, such as on military engineering
to broaden his cultural background.
 He always practicing shooting and
 When Saturday evenings, he visited
the home of Don Pablo Ortega y Rey
(father of Consuelo), who has been
the city mayor of Manila during the
administration of Gov. Carlos de la
Torre (1869-1871).
Consuelo Ortega
-Rizal became attracted
by Consuelo’s beauty
and charm .
June 21, 1884
 Rizal was conferred the Licentiate in
 By obtaining a degree of Licentiate in
Medicine, he became a full-fledged
physician and qualified to practice
June 24, 1884
 Rizal was broke
 With empty stomach, he attended his
classes at the University, participated in
the contest in Greek language and won
the gold medal.
November 20, 1884
 Rizal together with other students armed
with clubs, stones, fists fought the
government forces during the
 The students protesters shouted “Viva
Morayta! Down with Bishops”.
June 19, 1885
 Rizal was awarded the degree of
Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters by
the Universidad Central de Madrid.
 He became qualified to be a professor
of humanities in any Spanish University.
October, 1885
 Rizal had a stopover in
Barcelona on his way to
 He visited Maximo Viola
(his friend), member of a
rich family from San
Miguel, Bulacan.
November, 1885
 Rizal went to Paris and lived there for
four months.
 He rapidly improved his knowledge in
 He also went to Luna’s
studio and posed as
Egyptian priest in Luna’s
canvass “The Death of
Cleopatra” and Sikatuna
in Luna’s great painting
“The Blood Compact”
February 3, 1886
 He left Paris for Heidelberg,
 Here, he became a good
friend of Dr. Karl Ullmer, a
Protestant pastor.
July 3, 1886
 Rizal wrote his first letter in German to
Prof. Ferdinand Blumentritt, an Austrian
ethnologist interested un Philippine Language.
 He also sent the book “Aritmetica”.
 Their friendship lasted all their lives.
Prof. Ferdinand Blumentritt
Life In Berlin
Rizal went to Berlin for five reasons:
1.To increase his knowledge in ophthalmology;
2.To broaden his studies of sciences and language;
3.To observe political and economic conditions of
4.To associate with famous German scientist and
5.To publish his novel, Noli Me Tangere.
June 6, 1887
 Rizal and Viola reached Geneva,
Switzerland (one of the most beautiful cities
of Europe.
 The Geneva people spoke in three
languages: French, German, and Italian.
Rizal was able to converse in these
June 19, 1887
 It was Rizal’s 26 birthday.
 On this day, Rizal wrote to Blumentritt
regarding an industrial exhibition.
After 5 years of stay in
Europe and other places,
Rizal decided to return
home to the Philippines.
June 23, 1887
Rizal and Viola
parted ways but
Rizal continued
his tour to Italy.
June 27, 1887
 Rizal reached Rome, the “Eternal
City” and the “City of the Ceazars”.
 He wrote to Blumentritt that Rome is
a sanctuary of heroes.
June 29, 1887
 Rizal visited for the first time the
Vatican, the “City of the Popes”
and the capital of the Christiandom.
June 29, 1887
 Rizal wrote to his father announcing that he
is coming home.
 Paciano, Silvestre Ubaldo (his brother in-
law), Chengoy (Jose M. Cecilio) and other
friends warned him not to return home
because of the publication of his Noli Me
 Rizal was determined to return home
for the following reasons:
1. To operate on his mother’s eyes.
2. To serve the Filipino people who were
oppressed by the Spanish tyrants.
3. To determine how his “Noli” and other
writings affected the Filipinos and
4. To inquire on the conditions of Leonor
July 3, 1887
Rizal left Rome by train for
Marseilles, and boarded
Djemnah, Manila-bound
July 30, 1887
 In Saigon, he transferred to another
steamer Haiphong which was bound for
August 8, 1887
 Rizal returned home to Calamba. His
family became worried for his safety so
Paciano did not leave him during his
first days after arrival.
Rizal’s Second Trip
February 8, 1888
 Using the steamer Zafiro, he arrived
in Hongkong, a British colony.
 It was a small but very clean city.
 They were other Filipinos in
Hongkong but they were generally
poor, gentle, and timid.
February 18,
 Rizal and Basa visited
Macao, a Portuguese
colony, boarded the ferry
steamer Ku-Kiang.
 The city is small, low and
 The city looks sad and
February 18, 1888
 In Macao, Rizal and Basa visited the
theatre, casino, cathedral, churches,
pagodas, botanical gardens, and
 They saw the famous Grotto of
Cameons, Portugal’s national Poet.
February 28, 1888
 Rizal arrived in Yokohama, Japan
and registered at the Grand Hotel
February 29, 1888
• He proceeded to Tokyo and took a room at
Tokyo hotel where he stayed for six days.
Japan for him was the ‘land of the cherry
blossoms’ because of its natural beauty and
charming manners of the Japanese people.
• He met Seiko-San (real name: Seiko Usui).
They almost met daily as they visited
interesting spots of the city.
April 13, 1888
• Rizal boarded the Belgic, an English steamer
bound for the United States.
• He left Japan very sad because he would
never see again the beautiful land and his
beloved O-sei-San
• On board the Belgic, he met a passenger,
Techo Suchero which Rizal bestfriended.
May 13, 1888
 Rizal reached New York on a Sunday
morning. Rizal called the place as “The Big

May 18, 1888

 He left New York for Liverpool on board the
City of Rome, the second largest ship in the
world during his time.