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Identify or describe the object you have
• The Manunggul Jar is a unique Neolithic secondary
burial jar with an incised running scroll and impressed
• One of the Philippines cultural treasures and early pre-colonial
• It was found in March 1964 in Manunngul Cave in Lipuun
Point, Quezon, Palawan
• Discovered by Victor Decalan, Hans Kasten and several
volunteer workers from the United States Peace Corps and
archaeologists from the National Museum.
• The cover is carved with
elaborate curve and scroll
designs and painted with natural
iron or hematite (a red coloring)

• On top of the jar cover or lid is a

boat with two human figures
representing two souls on a
voyage to the afterlife.
How old do you think it
• It was found in March 1964
• The Tabon/Manunggul Caves are known to be a site
of jar burials with artefacts dating in a range from
2300 to 50 B.C.
• The Manunngul Jar that was discovered with many
other jars, is a secondary burial jar that dates back to
the late Neolithic Period around 890-710 B.C.
What do you think it was used
• As a secondary burial jar, the Manunngul Jar represents the
importance of burial practices and beliefs in the afterlife among
early Filipinos.

• In the secondary burial process the bones of the deceased were

placed inside of a jar in a re-burial after the corpse decomposed.
The bones were cleaned, washed, then sometimes painted, before
being placed in the jar where it was eventually placed hidden in
What does this object tell you about life
in • the
It is apast?
symbol and archaeological evidence of the strong
indigenous spirituality and beliefs in precolonial Philippines.

• It provides clues and evidence to the precolonial societies in

the islands of what is now known as the Philippines.

• In indigenous and precolonial beliefs, there is a connection

with a body of water and the afterlife.
Do you think the object comes directly
from the past or is a replica of the
• The Manunggul Jar is a example of an authentic artifact.

• It is well studied and researched by the professionals.

• The Manunggul Burial Jar is currently housed in the Museum

of the Filipino People, by National Museum of the Philippines
in Manila and was featured and printed in the 1,000 peso bill.
Thanks for