Sei sulla pagina 1di 24

Cryptocurrencies

By Rui Sakurai and Shane Spears


What is it?
Cryptocurrency is a peer-to-peer form of virtual
money that uses cryptography to secure itself from
tampering.

The cryptocurrency can be sent to other people


just like any normal real-world currency.

It is stored in a virtual software wallet.


Notable Examples
Bitcoin (BTC)
•First decentralized cryptocurrency

•Created with the idea of a decentralized online currency

•Has a level of anonymity to it

•By far the largest and most known Cryptocurrency

•Open source

•Has maximum amount of 21,000,000


Ethereum (ETH)
•The cryptocurrency with the second largest market cap.
•Does many of the things that Bitcoin does, but has a blockchain
that’s much easier to program off of.

•Is popular due to how easy it is to develop off of.


Monero (XMR)
•Key value is anonymity

•It’s blockchain is completely anonymous

•It is popular due to its anonymity, which is very important to people

for many different reasons.


History
The first attempt was B-money in 1998, which Bitcoin took
large inspiration and many ideas from.

Bitcoin was the first to succeed in 2009.

They are created as an alternative to centralized fiat money that


requires a government to back it.

There are over a thousand different cryptocurrencies as of


September 2017.
How They Work
People ‘mine’ the currency as a way to generate it
and earn it.

People looking to use the currency download a


software ‘wallet’.

This wallet generates an address that can be used


to send and receive the currency.

Transactions are sent through a ‘blockchain’


that verifies that the transaction is legitimate

The blockchain is managed by a peer-to-peer


network of computers.
Wallets
Cryptocurrency wallets are software that
generates an address that allows you to receive and send
the currency.

When sending or receiving currency, your


address and the other person's address form a ‘contract’
in the blockchain.

Once the contract is proven valid, the currency


is distributed to your wallet.

Example of a Bitcoin address:


1HB5XMLmzFVj8ALj6mfBsbifRoD4miY36v
The Blockchain
The blockchain is like a ledger for all
transactions of a cryptocurrency.

The blockchain is maintained by a peer-to-


peer network of miners.

The blockchain uses transaction history to


prove that a wallet address has the correct amount of
currency assigned to it.

Transactions create “blocks” that cannot be


edited, which makes it impossible to cheat the system.
Mining
Is broken up into two types: Proof of Work and
Proof of Stake.

Is typically done with a high end graphics card


or through computers specifically designed with mining in
mind.

Mining is verifying blocks generated by


transactions in the blockchain.

Mining is essentially bookkeeping for the


network and getting rewarded a small amount for it.
An example of a mining setup.
Mining Pools
To make Proof of Work mining effective for
people without high powered machines or large amounts
of equipment, people often form mining pools.

Mining pools are groups of people putting their


work together to mine a block.

These people are rewarded based on how


much they contribute to solving the block.
Why a GPU over a CPU?
CPUs can’t process the mining information
nearly as fast as a GPU can.

GPUs are designed for repetitive work, while


CPU’ are not.

CPUs are designed to be an executive and


make decisions, while GPUs are laborers made for
constant video and mathematical processing.
Cloud Mining
Some companies offer a “cloud mining”
service.

For a fee the company will dedicate a certain


amount of hardware to mine a currency for you.

The company handles maintenance and


oversees the hardware, while all you have to is pay the
fee and collect your currency.
Ethereum mining contracts offered by the cloud mining company Genesis Mining
Altcoins
Bitcoin is the most popular cryptocurrency, but
there are over a thousand different alternative, lesser
known cryptocurrencies known as ‘altcoins’.

Altcoins are just like Bitcoin, except that they


usually have something that sets them apart.

42-coin, for example, is special in the fact that


only 42 of 42-coin exist.

Most of the time it’s a slight variation in how


the coin's blockchain functions or something similar.
Why use it?
It’s relatively anonymous
-With most coins the blockchain is
publicly visible to everyone

Its value is global, so it’s not limited by


borders.

It doesn’t require a government to back it.

Many companies such as Steam and Newegg


have started accepting Bitcoin as a form of payment.
References
http://www.pngpix.com/wp-
content/uploads/2016/10/PNGPIX-COM-Bitcoin-PNG-
Transparent-Image.png

https://www.genesis-mining.com/pricing

https://bitcoin.org/img/icons/opengraph.png

http://files.coinmarketcap.com.s3-website-us-east-
1.amazonaws.com/static/img/coins/200x200/ethereum.png

https://steemit.com/bitcoin/@steemitguide/2017-top-list-of-
big-companies-that-accept-bitcoin-and-cryptocurrencies
References
http://blockgeeks.com/wp-
content/uploads/2017/03/infographics2017-01.png

https://www.burniegroup.com/wp-
content/uploads/2017/05/Blockchain-infographic.png

https://fossbytes.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/bitcoin-
working.jpg

https://bitcoin.org/en/how-it-works

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Why_a_GPU_mines_faster_than_a_
CPU

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Category:Mining_contractors
References
https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Mining

https://www.lifewire.com/cryptocoin-mining-for-beginners-
2483064

https://neufund.org/cms_resources/tutorial/coins-2.png
http://files.coinmarketcap.com.s3-website-us-east-
1.amazonaws.com/static/img/coins/200x200/monero.png
https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/B-money

http://www.allwhitebackground.com/images/2/2270.jpg

https://www.odt.co.nz/sites/default/files/styles/odt_story_slid
eshow/public/slideshow/node-
389965/2016/07/bitcoin_mining_computers_are_pictured_in
_bitmain_s_57830be267.jpg?itok=8CRP1Osb