Sei sulla pagina 1di 60

Analog CMOS Integrated Circuit Design

Opamp Design
References: “Analog Integrated Circuit Design” by D. Johns and K. Martin
and “Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits” by B. Razavi
All figures in this set of slides are taken from the above books

Dr. Jawdat Abu-Taha


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Islamic University of Gaza
jtaha@iugaza.edu.ps
1
General Considerations
• Gain
• Small-signal bandwidth
• Large-signal performance
• Output swing
• Input common-mode range
• Linearity
• Noise/offset
• Supply rejection

2
One-Stage Op Amps

3
One-Stage Op Amp in Unity Gain
Configuration

4
Cascode Op Amps

5
Unity Gain One Stage Cascode

6
Folded Cascode Op Amps

7
EECE488 Set 7 - Opamp Design
Folded Cascode Stages

8
Folded Cascode (cont.)

9
Folded Cascode (cont.)

10
Telescopic versus Folded Cascode

11
Example Folded-Cascode Op Amp

12
Single-Ended Output Cascode Op Amps

13
Triple Cascode

14
Output Impedance Enhancement

15
Gain Boosting in Cascode Stage

16
Differential Gain Boosting

SM 17
EECE488 Set 7 - Opamp Design
Differential Gain Boosting

SM 18
EECE488 Set 7 - Opamp Design
Differential Gain Boosting

SM 19
EECE488 Set 7 - Opamp Design
Two-Stage Op Amps

SM 20
EECE488 Set 7 - Opamp Design
Single-Ended Output Two-Stage Op Amp

SM 21
EECE488 Set 7 - Opamp Design
Two-Stage CMOS Opamp
Two-Stage CMOS Opamp Example

23
Gain of the Opamp

24
Gain of the Opamp

25
Frequency Response

26
Frequency Response

27
Frequency Response

28
Frequency Response

29
Slew Rate

30
Slew Rate

31
Slew Rate

32
Systematic Offset Voltage

33
Systematic Offset Voltage

34
N-Channel versus P-Channel Input Stage

35
Feedback and Opamp Compensation

36
Stable and Unstable Systems

37
Time-domain response of a feedback system

38
One-pole system

39
Multi-pole system

40
Phase Margin

41
Phase Margin

42
Phase Margin (Cont.)

43
Phase Margin (Cont.)

44
Phase Margin (Cont.)

45
Frequency Compensation

46
Telescopic Opamp (single-ended) -example

47
Compensation (Cont.)

• Assume we need a phase margin of 45o (usually


inadequate) and other non-dominant poles are at high
frequency.

48
Compensation of a two-stage opamp

49
Compensating Two-Stage Opamps

50
Compensating Two-Stage Opamps

51
Compensating Two-Stage Opamps

52
Design Procedure

53
Design Procedure

54
Design Procedure

55
Process and Temperature Independence

56
Process and Temperature Independence

57
Process and Temperature Independence

58
Stable Transconductance Biasing

59
Stable Transconductance Biasing

60