Sei sulla pagina 1di 36

FILIPINO APPROACHES

IN THE SOCIAL
SCIENCES
•FILIPINO SOCIAL SCIENCES OFFER US AN
ALTERNATIVE WAY OF LOOKING AT SOCIETY
USING THE FILIPINO PERSPECTIVE, AND EQUIP
US WITH THE NECESSARY KNOWLEDGE AND
SKILLS TO CRITIQUE DOMINANT APPROACHES
IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES USING OUR OWN
POINT-OF-VIEW AS FILIPINOS
ACTIVITY
WRITE THIS ON YOUR PAPER:
1.THE FIRST THINGS I LEARNED ABOUT
OUR PRESENT SOCIETY WHEN I FIRST
ENTERED SCHOOL ARE:
•WHERE DID YOU LEARN THE
THINGS YOU LISTED?
•CAN YOU CONSIDER THE THINGS
YOU LISTED AS POSITIVE OR
NEGATIVE TRAITS ABOUT THE
PHILIPPINE SOCIETY? AND WHY?
THIS LESSON WILL TAKE US THROUGH THE
WORKS OF SEVERAL FILIPINO
INTELLECTUALS AS THEY DISCUSS THE
ROOTS OF THE FILIPINO NATION, THEIR
CULTURAL IDENTITY, AND SENSE OF
BELONGING AS VIEWED FROM THE
FILIPINO PERSPECTIVE.
FROM INDIO TO FILIPINO
•THE PHRASE “FROM INDIO TO FILIPINO” WAS
BORROWED FROM THE CLASSIC PHILIPPINE HISTORY
BOOK ENTITLED HISTORY OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE BY
THE EMINENT FILIPINO HISTORIAN TEODORO
AGONCILLO.
•THE TERM INDIO WAS CAME FROM THE NAME FILIPINO
WAS GIVEN TO THOSE SPANIARDS BORN IN THE
PHILIPPINES.
•THE NATIVES WERE EVENTUALLY CALLED
“FILIPINOS” ONLY IN 1898 WHEN SPANISH
GOVERNOR-GENERAL BASILIO AUGUSTIN TRIED
TO WIN BACK THE INDIOS TO SUPPORT SPANISH
TROOPS IN THEIR FIGHT AGAINST IMPENDING
AMERICAN ONSLAUGHT WHO ARE NOW
BEGINNING TO OCCUPY MANILA DURING THOSE
TUMULTUOUS TIME.
•RACIAL DISCRIMINATION CONTINUED
INTO THE 19TH CENTURY, THIS BECAME
AN IMPORTANT STIMULUS IN THE RISE
OF FILIPINO NATIONALISM DURING
THE SAME PERIOD.
RACIAL DISCRIMINATION

•WAS ONE OF THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTED


TO FILIPINO NATIONALISM
•CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS INCLUDE THE OPENING OF THE
PHILIPPINES TO WORLD OF COMMERCE, THE EMERGENCE
OF MIDDLE CLASS OR CLASE MEDIA, THE ENTRY OF
LIBERAL IDEAS, AND THE CAVITE MUTINY OF 1872.
MIDDLE CLASS OR CLASE MEDIA
•A GROUP OF PEOPLE BETWEEN THE WORKING
CLASS AND THE UPPER CLASS OF THE SOCIETY.
THEY EMERGED FROM THE ECONOMIC
ADVANCEMENT OBTAINED FROM AGRICULTURE AND
COMMERCE IN THE 19TH CENTURY PHILIPPINES.
•THE EXECUTION OF THREE MARTYRED PRIESTS
MARIANO GOMEZ, JACINTO ZAMORA, AND JOSE
BURGOS ON FEBRUARY 17, 1872 USHERED IN A NEW
ERA IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY, THE PROPAGANDA OR
REFORM MOVEMENT
SOCIAL IDEAS OF FILIPINO THINKERS
•THE FILIPINO EDUCATED CLASS, ALSO CALLED THE
ILUSTRADOS OR THE ENLIGHTENED ONES,”
EXPANDED DURING THIS CENTURY AND CREATED
NUMEROUS OPPORTUNITIES FOR THEIR
PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL GROWTH.
ISABELO DE LOS REYES

•A PROLIFIC FILIPINO JOURNALIST AND EVENTUAL POLITICIAN.


•BORN ON JULY 7, 1864 IN VIGAN, ILOCOS SUR
•A LABOR ACTIVIST AND A CO-FOUNDER OF THE IGLESIA
FILIPINA INDEPENDIENTE (PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENT CHURCH)
ISABELO DE LOS REYES
SOME OF HIS WORK:
•EL FOLK-LORE FILIPINO
•LAS ISLAS VISAYAS EN LA EPOCA DE LA CONQUISTA
•HISTORIA DE FILIPINAS
EL FOLK-LORE FILIPINO

•PUBLISHED IN 1889 THAT CONTAINS STORIES ON


LOCAL FOLKLORES, SUCH AS LEGENDS, FABLES,
AND SUPERSTITIONS.
LAS ISLAS VISAYAS EN LA EPOCA DE LA
CONQUISTA
•HE STATES THAT WHEN THE SPANIARDS ARRIVED IN THE
VISAYAN ISLANDS, THE PLACE ALREADY HAD A POPULATION,
NATURAL RESOURCES, AND FOREIGN TRADE. HE WOULD GO ON
TO EXPLAIN THE BARANGAY AS THE BASIC POLITICAL UNIT OF
THE ISLANDS, HOW THE NATIVES CALL THE LOCAL CHIEFTAINS,
AND OTHER CULTURAL TRAITS OF THE PEOPLE.
HISTORIA DE FILIPINAS
•THESE BOOKS WERE INITIALLY PUBLISHED AS A
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AIMED AT GOING BACK
TO FILIPINO ROOTS, IN ESTABLISHING THE
FILIPINO IDENTITY, AND INDIGENIZING SOCIAL
IDEAS.
PEDRO PATERNO
•WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 27, 1858 IN SANTA CRUZ,
MANILA
•HE WAS ANOTHER INTELLECTUAL WHO HAD GREAT
INTEREST IN EARLY FILIPINOS AND THEIR CULTURE
•A POET AND NOVELIST
PEDRO PATERNO
• SAMPAGUITAS Y POESIAS VARIAS
• NINAY
• ANTIGUA CIVILIZATION TAGALOG (1887)
• LOS ITAS (1890)
• EL CRISTIANISMO EN LA ANTIGUA CIVILIZATION TAGALOG (1892)
• LA FAMILIA TAGALOG EN LA HISTORIA UNIVERSAL (1892)
• EL BARANGAY (1892)
SAMPAGUITAS Y POESIAS VARIAS
•(1880) THE FIRST FILIPINO COLLECTION OF POEMS
NINAY
•(1885) THE FIRST FILIPINO NOVEL
•PATERNO EXPLAINED THAT CHRISTIAN DOCTRINES CAN
ALREADY BE SEEN IN THE ANCIENT RELIGION OF THE NATIVES,
CALLED BATHALISMO OR THE WORSHIP OF BATHALA AS THE
SUPREME BEING.
•THE USE OF ANTING-ANTING OR AMULETS IS PART OF NATIVE
BELIEF
JOSE RIZAL
•WAS BORN ON JUNE 19, 1861 AT CALAMBA, LAGUNA
•HE WAS WRITER, POET, TEACHER, OPHTHALMOLOGIST,
NOVELIST, AND SCULPTOR
•A GENUINE SCHOLAR
•ONE OF THE GREAT FILIPINO THINKERS OF ALL TIME
•RIZAL HAD NUMEROUS WORKS THAT REFLECTED HIS IDEAS ON SOCIETY,
EDUCATION, WOMEN, HISTORY, CULTURE LANGUAGE, COLONIALISM, AND
REVOLUTION
•RIZAL WROTE A LA JUVENTUD FILIPINA (TO THE FILIPINO YOUTH, 1879)
•EL CONSEJO DE LOS DIOSES (THE COUNCIL OF THE GODS, 1880)
•NOLI ME TANGERE (1887)
•EL FILIBUSTERISMO (1891)
•RIZAL POINTED OUT THE VARIOUS
WEAKNESSES OF PHILIPPINE SOCIETY AS A
RESULT OF OPPRESSIVE COLONIAL POLICIES
AND THE LACK OF REFORMS TO ADDRESS THE
PRESSING NEEDS OF THE TIME.
FRAILOCRACY
•THE STATE OF PHILIPPINE POLITICS AND
SOCIETY DURING THE SPANISH COLONIAL RULE
WHEREIN FRIARS AND MONASTIC ORDERS
REIGNED SUPREME OVER MOST
GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS
•THE SOCIETY WAS A VISION OF A MORAL
COMMUNITY IN WHICH ALL THE PEOPLE
WORKED TOGETHER FOR THE COMMON GOOD,
FOR A BETTER FUTURE (TRILLANA, 2006).
ANDRES BONIFACIO
•FATHER OF THE PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION
•ONE OF THE GREATEST FILIPINO HEROES
•BORN ON NOVEMBER 30, 1863 AT TONDO
•ORIGINAL FOUNDERS OF THE RADICAL GROUP
KATIPUNAN
•APART FROM BEING THE SUPREMO OF THE KATIPUNAN,
HE WAS ALSO A CONTRIBUTOR TO THE ORGANIZATION’S
NEWSPAPER. FROM HIS ESSAYS AND POEMS, ONE CAN
APPRECIATE HIS VIEWS WITH REGARD THE CULTURAL
IDENTITY OF THE PRE-COLONIAL NATIVES AND HIS LOFTY
IDEAS OF USHERING A NEW DAWN TO THE ONCE GREAT
TAGALOG NATION.
•THE TERM “TAGALOG” WAS DEFINED BY ANDRES
BONIFACIO AND EMILIO JACINTO AS ALL PERSONS BORN
IN THE ARCHIPELAGO, WHETHER THEY ARE ILOCANOS,
BICOLANOS, OR KAPAMPANGANS.
•THE TERM CAME FROM THE COMBINED WORDS “TAGA”
AND “ILOG” WHICH ROUGHLY TRANSLATES AS “SOMEONE
WHO LIVES NEAR A RIVER”
EMILIO JACINTO
•BRAINS OF THE KATIPUNAN
•BORN ON DECEMBER 15, 1875 AT TROZO, MANILA (NOW
TONDO)
•BACHELOR IN ARTS AT COLEGIO DE SAN JUAN DE LETRAN
•HE BECAME THE SECRETARY OF KATIPUNAN AND THE
EDITOR OF NEWSPAPER KALAYAAN
•BONIFACIO’S “EYE OF KATIPUNAN” AND THE “SOUL OF THE
REVOLUTION”
•THE REVOLUTION AND
BEYOND
•THE DISSOLUTION OF THE LA LIGA FILIPINA
RESULTED IN THE FORMATION OF TWO GROUPS:
CUERPO DE COMPROMISARIOS AND THE
KATIPUNAN.
•JULY 7, 1892, KATAASTAASAN, KAGALANG-
GALANGAN NA KATIPUNAN NANG MGA ANAK NG
BAYAN OR SIMPLY KATIPUNAN, WAS FOUNDED
ALONG AZCARRAGA ST. IN TONDO BY ANDRES
BONIFACIO, TEODORO PLATA, VALENTIN DIAZ,
DEODATO ARELLANO, AND LADISLAO DIWA AMONG
OTHERS.
THREE OBJECTIVES:
•1. POLITICAL – SEPARATION OF THE PHILIPPINES FROM SPAIN
•2. MORAL – TEACHING GOOD MANNERS, HYGIENE, GOOD
MORALS
•3. CIVIC – SELF-HELP, DEFENSE OF THE POOR AND THE
OPPRESSED
•WE FILIPINOS HAVE OUR OWN FAIR SHARE OF SOCIAL
THINKERS THAT EXPLAINED THE WORKINGS OF THE FILIPINO
SOCIETY IN DIFFERENT PERIODS OF TIME. THEIR WORKS
REFLECTED THE POLITICAL MILIEU OF THEIR TIMES AS THEY
ATTEMPTED TO EXPOUND SOCIAL OCCURRENCES WITHIN THE
LENS OF FILIPINO CULTURE, EXPERIENCES, AND NORMS.

Interessi correlati