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Managing Projects in


Magus Training & Consultancy


Perform work

 Projects

Performed by people
Constrained by limited resources
Planned, executed, and controlled

 Temporary
 Unique(Product, Service, Result)
 Systems

Implemented to achieve strategic plans

Progressive elaboration
Project Management

Application of knowledge, skills, tools and

techniques to project activities to meet project

Process : Initiating, Planning, Executing, Controlling, Closing

People : Teams
Constraints : Scope, time, cost, risk, and quality
Stakeholders needs and expectations
Identified requirements
Project Management

 Project Management Framework

PM Context : People, Teams, and Organizations
PM Processes : Initiating, Planning, Executing, Controlling, Closing

 Project Management Knowledge Areas

PMBOK : Integration, Scope, Time, Cost, Quality, Risk,
Human Resource, Procurement,
and Communication
Project Management Context

 Project Phases and Project Life Cycle

 Project Stakeholders
 Organizational Influences
 Key General Management Skills
 Social-Economic-Environmental
Organizational Influences

 System
 Culture and Style
 Structure
 Project Office

Divorce of responsibility and authority

The ideal project staff team member is pure fiction
Project team is subject to the effects of friction
General Management Skills

 Leadership
 Establishing directions, Aligning people, Motivating and Influencing

 Communication
 Sender-receiver models, Choice of media, Writing styles,
Presentation techniques, and Meeting Management

 Negotiation
 Problem Solving
 Influencing the Organization
Social-Eco-Env Influences

 Standards and Regulations

 Internationalization
 Time zones, National and regional holidays, travel requirements,
Teleconferencing, and political differences

 CulturalInfluences
 Social-Eco-Env Sustainability
Project Processes

 Initiating
 Planning
 Executing
 Controlling
 Closing

Process: Series of actions bringing about a result

Project Integration

 Project Plan Development

 Project Plan Execution
 Project Change Control

Includes the processes required to ensure that various elements of the

project are properly coordinated.
Project Scope Management

 Initiation
 Scope Planning
 Scope Definition
 Scope Verification
 Scope Change Control

Includes the processes required to ensure that the project includes all
the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project
Project Time Management

 Activity Definition
 Activity Sequencing
 Activity Duration Estimating
 Schedule Development
 Schedule Control

Includes the processes required to ensure timely completion of the

Project Cost Management

 Resource Planning
 Cost Estimating
 Cost Budgeting
 Cost Control

Includes the processes required to ensure that the project is completed

within the approved budget.
Project Quality Management

 Quality Planning
 Quality Assurance
 Quality Control

Includes the processes required to ensure that the project will satisfy
the needs for which it was undertaken.
Project HR Management

 Organizational Planning
 Staff Acquisition
 Team Development

Includes the processes required to make the most effective use of the
people involved in the project.
Project Communications

 Communications Planning
 Information Distribution
 Performance Reporting
 Administrative Closure

Includes the processes required to ensure timely and appropriate

generation, collection, dissemination, storage, and ultimate disposition
of project information.
Project Risk Management

 Risk Management Planning

 Risk Identification
 Qualitative Risk Analysis
 Quantitative Risk Analysis
 Risk Response Planning
 Risk Monitoring and Control

Systematic process of identifying, analyzing, and responding to project risk.

Project Procurement

 Procurement Planning
 Solicitation Planning
 Solicitation
 Source Selection
 Contract Administration
 Contract Closeout

Includes processes required to acquire goods and services, to attain project

scope, from outside the performing organization.
Project Planning

 Involves defining and refining

objectives and selecting the best of the
alternative courses of action to attain
the objectives that the project is
undertaken to address
Tool & Techniques

 Work Breakdown Structure

 PERT Charts
 Gantt Charts
Core Process
 Some planning processes have clear
dependencies that require them to be
performed in essentially the same order
on most projects.

 Example: Activities must be defined before they can be

scheduled or costed.
Facilitating process
 Some interaction among the other
planning processes are more
dependent on the nature of the project.

 Example: On some projects there is little or no
identifiable risk until after most of the planning has
been done and the team recognizes that the cost and
schedule targets are extremely aggressive
Core Process
Scope Sequencing Schedule
Planning Development
Scope Duration
Definition Estimating
Resource Cost
Planning Budgeting
Facilitating Process
Organizational Staff Procurement Solicitation
Planning Acquisition Planning Planning

Risk Quantitative Qualitative Risk

Identification Risk Risk Response
Analysis Analysis Planning

Quality Communications
Planning Planning
Scope Planning

 Developing a written scope

statement as a basis of future project
Scope Definition

 Subdividing the major project

deliverables into smaller more
manageable components.

 T&T: Work Breakdown Structure

Activity Definition

 Identifying the specific activities that

must be performed to produce the
various project deliverables

 T&T: WBS
Activity Sequencing

 Identifying and documenting

interactive dependencies (FF, SS,


 CPM, Float
Activity Duration Estimation

 Estimating the number of work

periods that will needed to complete
individual activities

 T&T: Estimation methods

Schedule Development

 Analyzing activity sequences, activity

durations, and resource requirements to
create the project schedule

 Exercise: Project Planning

Risk Management Planning

 Deciding how to approach and plan

for risk management in a project

 Stages: Risk Identification, analysis,

and response planning
Resource Planning

 Determining the resources (people,

equipment, material etc.) and what
quantities of each must be used to
perform project activities

 T&T: Resource loading charts

Cost Estimating

 Developing an approximation
(estimate) of the cost of resources to
complete project activities

 T&T: Cost curves

Cost Budgeting

 Allocating the overall cost estimate

to individual work packages.

 T&T: Cost curves

Project Plan Development

 Taking the results of other planning

processes and putting them into a
consistent, coherent document

 Exercise: Modeling exercise (Schedule crashing, fast

tracking, resource heuristics)
Project Planning …Continued

 Facilitating processes are performed

intermittently and as needed during
project planning, they are not optional –
they include:
 Quality planning, organizational planning, staff acquisition,
communication planning, risk planning, procurement planning,
and solicitation planning