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 Airplane design is an evolutionary process.

The data on existing airplanes, similar


to the proposed design, provide the necessary guidance for arriving at
appropriate initial design values. The sources of design data are:
 1. Jane’s All The World’s Aircraft (Ref.1.21)
 2. Books cited in chapter 1
 3. www.arnoldpublishers.com/aerodata
 4. The Websites of airplane manufacturers such as Boeing, Airbus Industries and
others
 It may be mentioned that this format includes information about the following
aspects.
 (a) General features of the airplane.
 (b) Geometrical parameters of the major components of the airplane.
 (c) Various types of weights of the airplane.
 (d) Performance parameters
1. General description of airplane 2. Power Plant
Name of the airplane: Type of power plant*:
Type of airplane *: Name:
Name of manufacturer and country of origin: Engine rating*:
Specific fuel consumption:
Oil consumption :
Weight of power plant:
Overall dimensions of engine:
Diameter (m):
Length (m):
Engine centre of gravity:
Special accessories and controls:
No. of engines and their locations:
Intake/propeller details
 8. Overall dimensions of airplane
 Length (m): Wing span (m):
 Height (m): Landing gear wheel tread (m):
 Landing gear wheel base(m):
 Length/span: Height/span:
 Tread/span:
 The preliminary three-view drawing of the airplane gives an idea about the
possible shape and size of the proposed airplane and forms the next step after the
data collection.
 To draw the preliminary three-view drawing, requires the approximate dimensions
of the wing, fuselage, tail and other components.
 The following steps are used to get these ballpark values
 Obtain the preliminary three-view drawing for the airplane with the following
specifications.
 Type: Regional transport airplane with turboprop engine.
 No. of passengers: 60.
 Vcruise: Around 500 kmph at around 4.5 km altitude.
 Safe range: 1300 km.
 Service ceiling: 8000 m.
 Balanced field length for take-off : Around 1400 m.
 Mostrar ejemplo, lectura 7
 Realizar la base de datos para la aeronave requerida
 Realizar las 3 vistas preliminares