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Considering Waste Management

LESSON 2
WASTE- ALL ITEMS THAT THE FAMILY NO LONGER USE
FOR, WHICH THEY EITHER INTEND TO GET RID OF OR
HAVE ALREADY DISCARDED.
 Household trash like plastics and bottles, food
wrappers, old plastics, and paper bags, old and torn
clothes and linens.
 Packaging items
 Old appliances like radios, television, refrigerator,
washing machines.
 Garden wastes
 Old paint containers
 Old automobile
 Leftover foods
 others
CLASSIFICATION OF WASTES
ACCORDING TO THEIR FORM
A. Solid wastes- is defined as any waste that is dry
in form and is discarded as unwanted. Examples
are plastics, styrofoam containers, bottles, cans,
papers, scrap iron and other trashes.
B. Liquid wastes- is defined as any waste that is
running freely like water, not solid nor gas.
Includes human waste, kitchen supplies like
expired cooking oil. Examples are chemicals used
for cleaning, oils and waste from laundry.
ACCORDING TO THEIR PROPERTIES
A. Biodegradable- are those that can be broken
down (decomposed) into their constituent
elements by bacteria and other microorganisms.
Examples are human and animal waste, food
wastes, papers and agricultural wastes.
B. Non-biodegradable- are discarded items that
cannot be broken down by living organisms. They
accumulates in the environment because it
cannot return to its origins. Examples are
plastics, bottles, old machines, containers and
others.
ACCORDING TO THEIR EFFECTS ON HUMAN
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
A. Hazardous wastes- these are unsafe
substances and commercially, industrially,
agriculturally or economically. Examples are
paint, motor oil, pesticides, drian opener,
prescription drugs, air fresheners and
batteries.
B. Non-hazardous wastes- these are safe
substances used commercially, industrially,
agriculturally or economically.
PROCESS FLOW OF WASTE MANAGEMENT

 Refers to the 4Rs of reduce, reuse, recycle and


recover. These classify waste management
strategies according to their desirability.
THE 4RS ARE MEANT TO BE A HIERARCHY IN
ORDER OF IMPORTANCE.
 Reduce- to buy less and used again
 Reuse- elements of the discarded item are
used again
 Recycle- discards are separated into materials
that may be incorporated into new products.
 Recover- capturing useful materials for waste to
energy programs.
DIAGRAM FOR PROCESS FLOW OF WASTE
MANAGEMENT

reduce The amount of waste produced is lowered

Reuse Materials are used repeatedly

Recycle New products are produced using the same


materials

Recovery Energy is recovered from wastes

Landfill Wastes are disposed safely


FLOWER VASE HOLDER
 Materials
1. Pieces of papers from magazines and newspapers
2. Paste/glue
3. Pair of scissors
4. Pencil
5. Ruler
 Steps
1. Decide on the design of the flower vase holder
2. Measure ½ inch on pieces of paper from magazines and
newspapers cut.
3. Thinly fold the cut papers and apply paste on both ends
4. When folded papers are enough, start to weave according to the
desired design.
WALL ORGANIZER
 Materials
1. Pieces of cloths from old but not worn out clothes
2. Pair of scissors
3. Pencil
4. Ruler/tape measure
5. Sewing kit
 Steps
1. Decide on the design of the wall organizer
2. Measure the desired measurement according to the design on pieces
of cloth, first the main part which will serve as the background and the
details
3. Sew the details (at least three pieces) on the main cloth which is the
background
4. Attach a cord which will serve as the handle
5. To design, ribbons may be attached and patch patches such as
flowers and other designs
6. Press the organizer with flat iron and trim.
BOTTLE DISPLAY
 Materials
1. Pieces of papers from magazines and newspapers
2. Paste/glue
3. Pair of scissors
4. Pencil
5. Ruler
6. Empty bottles
 Steps
1. Clean empty bottles
2. Cut square papers by measuring 1 inch by 1 inch on pieces from
magazines and newspapers and cut.
3. Fold the cut papers by forming diamonds and apply paste or glue sides.
4. When folded diamonds are enough, put them on the clean bottles (they
may be arranged according to colors to give a beautiful effect)
5. If desired, glitters and other accessories may be added.
EMERGENCY CASES

 Can happen all the time. Alertness and sound


decision are much needed.
THE FOLLOWING FACTORS ARE TO BE
CONSIDERED IN TIME OF EMERGENCY
1. Get a kit- take time to prepare food kit, water kit and
disaster supplies kit for the entire family. This will be
needed in times of disaster where access food,
water and electricity will be difficult.
 Food kit- can be made of canned goods, groceries
such as packed basic commodities and other packed
foods. These goods must have a longer expiration
date and thus can be stocked.
 Water kit- is having ample supply of clean water
which is a top priority in any emergency situation .
Water is needed for drinking purposes as well as for
food preparation and hygiene.
 Disaster supplies kit- is a collection of basic items
that could be needed in the event of disaster.
THE FOLLOWING ITEMS ARE USED TO CREATE
KITS FOR USE AT HOME, THE OFFICE, AT SCHOOL
AND/OR IN A VEHICLE.
 Water  Copies of personal
 Food documents (medication list
 Flashlight and pertinent medical
information, proof of
 Battery powered or hand address, deed/lease to
crank radio home, passports, birth
 Extra batteries certificates, insurance
 First aid kit policies)
 Medications and medical  Cellphone with chargers
items  Family and emergency
 Multipurpose tool contact information
 Sanitation and personal  Extra cash
hygiene items  Emergency blanket
ADDITIONAL SUPPLIES TO KEEP AT HOME OR IN THE
KIT BASED ON THE TYPES OF DISASTERS
 Whistle
 Masks
 Matches
 Candles/oil or gas lamps
 Rain gear
 Towels
 Work gloves
 Tools/supplies for securing home
 Extra clothing, hat and sturdy shoes
 Scissors
 Blankets or sleeping bags
2. MAKE A PLAN

 Find out what could happen


 Make a disaster plan

 Complete the checklist

 Practice your plan


3. BE INFORMED

 Shelter-in-place- means to take immediate


shelter where you are- at home, work, school or
in between.
FIRST AID

 The provision of initial care for an illness or


injury. It is usually performed by non-expert, but
trained personnel to a sick or injured person
until definite medical treatment can be
accessed.
QUIZ
1-2 classification of wastes according to form
3-4 classification of wastes according to properties
5-6 classification of wastes according to effects on
human health and environment
7-10. 4Rs of process flow of waste management
11-13. 3 kinds of emergency kit
14. Means to take immediate shelter where you are
at home, work, school or in between.
15. This is the provision of initial care for an illness
or injury.