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RIZALS ANCESTRY CLAN

WHAT IS YOUR L1?


(FIRST LANGUAGE)
HOW ABOUT YOUR L2?
(SECOND LANGUAGE)
STILL, SOME OF US
ACQUIRE AN L3.
(THIRD LANGUAGE)
BUT CAN YOU IMAGINE
ANYONE ACQUIRING
20L?
DR. JOSE P. RIZAL

• Spoke over 20 languages


• Not only a hero and
political martyr
• Many-splendored genius
• A man with many talents
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• PHYSICIAN
He treated several patients afflicted not
only with eye diseases.
• OPHTHALMOLOGIST
He graduated in an ophthalmologic
college in Spain.
Rizal treating his mother’s eyes
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• POET
Rizal wrote over 35 poems including his
famous Ultimo Adios.
• HISTORIAN
His annotation of Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos
de las Islas Filipinas entitled him as one.
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• FARMER-BUSINESSMAN
He had a partner in Dapitan in the Abaca
business there (1892-1896).
• SCULPTOR
His works of his father and of Father
Guerrico, S. J. typified his sculptural ability.
“The Triumph of Science Over Death,”
Rizal’s most well-known sculpture
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• CARTOGRAPHER
He drew maps of Dapitan, The Philippines
and other places he visited.
• BIBLIOPHILE
He had a big library and brought many
books abroad.
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• PHILOLOGIST
Rizal loved of learning and literature is
unequalled.
• PHILOSOPHER
Rizal not only loved wisdom but also
regulated his life and enjoyed calmness of
the life at all times.
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• HUMORIST
There are many humorous incidents in the
Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo.
• TRAVELER
He traveled around the world three times.
Rizal drinking with his friends
RIZAL: A MANY-SPLENDORED GENIUS

• SPORTSMAN
He fenced with Europeans and Juan Luna
and other friends in Europe.
He played chess and bear several Germans
and European friends and acquaintances.
He could shoot a target 20 meters away.
Rizal fencing with Juan Luna
AND THE LIST
GOES ON AND ON…
BIRTH OF A HERO

• He was born on June 19, 1861, between eleven and


twelve in the evening in Calamba, Laguna.
• Rizal was baptized by Fr. Rufino Collantes on June 22,
1861, while Fr. Pedro Casanas stood as Rizal’s godfather.
• The delivery was exceedingly difficult and the mother
almost died. Her seemingly miraculous survival was
attributed to Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage.
BIRTH OF A HERO

• He was named “Jose” by his pious


mother, in honor of St. Joseph.
• His full name is Jose Protacio Rizal
Mercado y Alonzo Realonda.
RIZAL’S BIG HEAD?

One of Rizal’s most Rizal as a young man


famous photos
The 11-year old Rizal
RIZAL’S GENEALOGY

GENEALOGY – STUDY OF ANCESTRY AND FAMILY HISTORIES.


AN EXPERT IN THIS FIELD IS CALLED GENEALOGIST.
CHINESE ANCESTRY
(DOMINGO LAM-CO)
• Rizal’s paternal ancestor, Lam-Co, was a native of the
Chinchew district in China.
• He was baptized in the Parian Church of San Gabriel on a
Sunday in June 1697.
• Siang-co and Zun-nio was the name of his parents.
• Lam Co took the name Domingo, the Spanish term for Sunday.
• He was married to Inez dela Rosa, who was half of his age.
CHINESE ANCESTRY
(INEZ DELA ROSA)
• Her father was Agustin Chinco, also a Chinese chinchew
and married to Jacinta Rafaela, a Chinese meztiso in
Parian.
• They have six children named Magdalena Vergara,
Josepha, Cristoval de la Trinidad, Juan Batista, Francisco
Hong-Sun, Inez dela Rosa.
MERCADO CLAN

• Domingo Lamco
• Rizal’s great-great-grandfather
• A Chinese immigrant from Chiangchow
• Arrived in Manila in about 1690
• Was baptized, married Ines dela Rosa
• Took the surname “Mercado” in 1731
PATERNAL SIDE

• Francisco Mercado
• Son of Domingo and Ines
• Rizal’s great-grandfather
• Married Cirila Bernacha
• Resided in Biñan, Laguna
• Was elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
PATERNAL SIDE

• Juan Mercado
• Son of Francisco and Cirila
• Rizal’s grandfather
• Married Cirila Alejandro
• Was also elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
• Had thirteen children
PATERNAL SIDE

• Francisco Mercado
• Youngest son of Juan and Cirila
• Rizal’s father
• Lost his father at the age of 8
• Married Teodora
• Settled in Calamba, Laguna
• Engaged in farming and business
ALONZO CLAN

• Lakandula
• last king of Tondo
• Eugenio Ursua
• Teodora’s great-grandfather
• Was of Japanese ancestry
• Married to Benigna (a Filipina)
MATERNAL SIDE

• Regina Ursua
• Daughter of Eugenio and Benigna
• Married Atty. Manuel de Quintos
• Brigida de Quintos
• Daughter of Regina and Atty. Quintos
• Married Alberto Alonso
• Had five children
RIZAL’S FAMILY
FRANCISCO MERCADO RIZAL
• Youngest son of Juan and Cirila
• Rizal’s father
• Lost his father at the age of 8
• Married Teodora
• Settled in Calamba, Laguna
• Died on January 5, 1898 at the
age of 80
FRANCISCO MERCADO RIZAL

• Rizal’s father
• Born on May 11, 1818
• Studied Latin and
Philosophy at the College of
San Jose
• Became a tenant in
Calamba
PATERNAL SIDE

• The name Francisco was a name held in high


honor in Laguna for it had belonged to a famous
sea captain who had been given the Encomienda
of Bay for his services and had won the regard
of those who paid tribute to him by his fairness
and interests in their welfare.
Austin Craig
TEODORA ALONSO REALONDA

• Rizal’s mother
• Born on November 8, 1826
• Studied at the College of
Santa Rosa
• Died on August 16, 1911 at
the age of 84
TEODORA ALONSO REALONDA

• One of the most highly educated


women in the Philippines.
• A gifted woman with insights into
literature, arts, music, and other
forms of Philippine culture.
• A fine mathematician, gourmet
cook, interior decorator, and
collector of fine books.
THE SIBLINGS
SATURNINA (1850 – 1913)
“NENENG”
• Eldest of the Rizal children and
married to Manuel Timoteo
Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas.
• Have 5 children.
• She published Pascual H.
Poblete’s translation of the Noli
Me Tangere
PACIANO (1851 – 1930)
• 79 years old and was the oldest boy in
the family.
• He joined the revolutionary army and
rose to the rank of Major General.
• He learned English through self-study
and his favorite periodical was
Philippine free Press.
• He was with Severina Decena
NARCISA (1852 – 1939)
“SISA”
• Married to Antonio Lopez, a
schoolmaster from Morong.
• It is said that Sisa could
recite from memory all the
poems of Rizal.
• Her son Leoncio, a physician
and professor at the College
of Medicine, UST.
OLYMPIA (1855 – 1887)
“YPIA”
• Married to Silvestre Ubaldo,
a telegraph operator in
Manila.
• Died in 1887 from childbirth
• Her son Aristeo, a retired
physician and professor at
the Philippine General
Hospital and the College of
Medicine, UP.
LUCIA (1857 – 1919)
• Married to Mariano Herbosa of
Calamba, a farmer and nephew of
Fr. Pedro Casanas.
• Mariano died of cholera in 1889
and was denied a Christian burial,
because he was a brother-in-law of
Jose Rizal.
• One of the daughter Delfina who
helped Mrs. Marcela Agoncillo make
the first Filipino flag in Hongkong.
MARIA (1859 – 1945)
“BIANG”
• Married Daniel Faustino Cruz of
Binan, Laguna.
• Mauricio was one of the children
of Maria and Faustino who killed
by the Japanese in 1945.
• Gemma Cruz, the first Filipina to
bring home an international
beauty title is a descendant
family of Rizal.
JOSE (1861 – 1896)
“PEPE”
• Second son and seventh child.
• He became the national hero.
• He married to Josephine
Bracken, a pretty Irish from
Hongkong.
CONCEPCION (1862 – 1865)
“CONCHA”

• She died at the age of three.


JOSEFA (1865 – 1945)
“PANGGOY”

• Epileptic
• Died a spinster
TRINIDAD (1868 – 1951)
“TRINING”

• She did not marry.


• The last of the family died at the
age of 83.
SOLEDAD (1870 – 1929)
“CHOLENG”
• She married to Pantaleon
Quintero of Calamba.
• She studied at La Concordia
College where she and Leonor
Rivera were classmates.
• One of the five children of
Soledad and Pantaleon is Amelia,
married to Bernabe Malvar, son
of General Miguel Malvar
THE RIZAL SURNAME

• In 1731, Domingo Lamco adopted the surname


“Mercado” (market)
• In 1849, Gov. Gen. Claveria ordered all Filipinos to
adopt Spanish surnames
• Francisco adopted the surname “Rizal”
• Was suggested by the provincial governor, who was
a family friend
THE RIZAL SURNAME

• Originally “Ricial”
• In Spanish, it means “green fields”
• Prophetic according to Leon Ma. Guerrero: “a
field where wheat, cut while still in green,
sprouts again.”
• Only Jose used the surname Rizal until 1891
THE RIZAL FAMILY:
A GOOD AND MIDDLE CLASS
FAMILY
A MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY

• The Rizal family belonged to the principalia


• Had a large stone house
• Owned a carjuahe (carriage)
• Had a private library with more than 1,000
books
• Sent their children to colleges in Manila
THE RIZAL HOUSE

• A two-storey building
• Built of adobe stones
and hard woods
• Roofed with red tiles

The rebuilt Rizal house


LET’S HAVE A FIELD TRIP!
The famous landmark of Calamba, the gigantic jar which has all
the Calamba towns written on its surface.
The back of the Rizal house, then and now.
The grand staircase that
leads to the main hall
of the house
The original karwahe
(carriage) of the Rizal
family, still intact after
all these years.
Unfortunately, the horse
died many many years
ago.
The living room
The comida or the dining room
The main dining room
The platera
The cocina or kitchen
Jose Rizal's bedroom.
The family well located at
the back of the house
A most important seat in the house
A replica of Pepe’s little nipa playhouse
HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALS

• The Rizal family had a simple, contented and


happy life
• Believed in the maxim “Spare the rod and
spoil the child”
• Everyday, the family heard Mass
• Prayed together the Rosary and Angelus daily
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!