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Adolf Hitler

Early Life

• Birth
• Siblings
• Moved to Germany
• Father’s death
• Secondary education
• “He intentionally did poorly in school, hoping that once his father saw
"what little progress I was making at the technical school he would let
me devote myself to my dream"
• Loyalty to Germany
Early adulthood in Vienna

• Fine art in Vienna


• Rejected twice
• Lacked the necessary academic credentials
• In 1907, his mother died
• In 1909 Hitler ran out of money
• Earned money as a casual laborer
• Racist rhetoric
Service in World War I

• 1914, the outbreak of World War I


• Dispatch runner
• First Battle of Ypres, the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Arras
• wounded at the Somme.
• temporarily blinded by a British gas attack
• Germany’s defeat in World War I.
• Iron Cross, Second Class, in 1914
• Iron Cross, First Class on 4 August 1918
• Black Wound Badge on 18 May 1918
NAZI PARTY

• In July 1919 he was appointed intelligence agent


• 1919, Party Chairman was impressed with Hitler's public speaking
skills
• Hitler applied to join the party
• Accepted as party member 555
• Swastika
• 1920, left the army
• Two truckloads of party supporters
drove around Munich
• In June 1921, A mutiny broke out within the NSDAP
• Merge NSDAP with the rival German Socialist Party (DSP).
• Hitler angrily tendered his resignation
• Rejoined the party on 26 July
• Granted absolute powers as party chairman
Beer Hall Putsch
MEIN KAMPF
• 1924, Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison.
• He was allowed mail from supporters
• Released from jail on 20 December 1924
• Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”)
• Published in 1925
• Government attempted to have him
deported back to Austria
• Austrian federal chancellor rejected
• renounced his Austrian citizenship on
7 April 1925.
Aryan Race

• Obsessed with race


• The German people
• Nazi Party were banned in Bavaria.
• 1925, Hitler agreed to respect the state's authority
• Ban on the NSDAP were lifted
• on 27 February, Hitler was barred from public speaking
• Ban remained in place until 1927
Rise to Power:

• Hitler stood in the 1932 presidential elections


• support from many of Germany's most powerful industrialists
• more than 35 per cent of the vote
• he lost to Hindenburg
• January 1933 Hindenburg named Hitler as chancellor,
NIGHT OF THE LONG KNIVES
PERSECUTION OF JEWS

• Nuremberg Laws
• deprived Jews of German citizenship
• burning books, forcing newspapers out of business
• Murdered almost 6 million jews
OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR II

• Germany concluded alliances with Italy and Japan


• Pact of Steel
• 1939, Nazi troops invaded Poland
• Britain and France declare war on Germany
• Invaded Denmark and Norway
• 1940, Germany attacked France
• Mussolini join forces with Hitler on 10 June.
• Invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.
Path to defeat

• 4–5 million Axis troops attacked the Soviet Union


• invasion conquered a huge area
• 1941, Japan attacked the American fleet
• Four days later, Hitler declared war against the US
• 1942, German forces were defeated
• Battle of El Alamein
• Over 200,000 Axis soldiers were killed and 235,000 were taken
prisoner.
• Several attempts were made on his life
Death of Adolf Hitler
• Hitler married Eva Braun
• Hitler shot himself
• Braun took poison
• Germany surrendered unconditionally
• Hitler’s planned “Thousand-Year Reich” lasted just over 12 years