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Q17.

Thermal Behavior of Matter


1. When the temperature of a copper penny is increased
by 100 C°, its diameter increases by 0.17%.
The area of one of its faces increases by:

1. 0.17%
2. 0.34%
3. 0.51%
4. 0.13%
5. 0.27%

2
d  A  d d
A   
2 2

A d
 2  2  0.17%  0.34%
A d
2. The mercury column in an ordinary medical thermometer
doubles in length when its temperature changes from 95°F to
105°F. Choose the correct statement:

1. the coefficient of volume expansion of mercury is 0.1 per F°


2. the coefficient of volume expansion of mercury is 0.3 per F°
3. the coefficient of volume expansion of mercury is (0.1/3) per F°
4. the vacuum above the column helps to "pull up" the mercury
this large amount
5. none of the above is true
Volume expansion V of the mercury occurs mainly in
the bulb of the thermometer. The increase in length l
of the mercury column is therefore given by

V V  T
l  
A A
where A = area of cross section of column
V = total volume of mercury
A l

V T
with l = l, T = 10 F, we have

VC
  0.1 per  F VC = volume of mercury
V column at 95  F
3. Steam at 1 atm and 100°C enters a radiator and leaves as
water (at 1 atm and 80°C). Take the heat of vaporization to
be 540 cal/g. Of the total energy given off as heat, what
percent arises from the cooling of the water?

1. 100
2. 54
3. 26
4. 14
5. 3.6
Loss of energy per gram of steam :

U  540 cal   100C  80C   1 cal / C 

Percentage due to cooling of water :

20 cal
 100%  3.57 %
560 cal
4. Oxygen (molar mass = 32 g) occupies a volume of 12 liters
when its temperature is 20°C and its pressure is 1 atm.
Using R = 0.082 literatm/moleK, calculate the mass of the
oxygen:

1. 6.4 g
2. 10.7 g
3. 16 g
4. 32 g
5. 64 g
n
PV

1 atm 12 l 
 0.5 mol
R T  0.082 atm  l / mol  K  273  20 K

m   0.5 mol  32 g / mol   16 g