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Literature

Big Ideas
 Literature is a mirror of society.
Literature is life.
 Panayanon Mythology is as rich as other
mythologies of the world.
 Greek Literature (The Iliad and The
Odyssey) has a big influence on the
world today.
Objectives
 Define "literature".
 Discuss qualities of literature.
 Share the importance of
literature.
LITERATURE
I bet you don’t
know…
Literature
 written
 words • tradition • style
 quality
• form • genre
 culture
• function • value

• art • humanity
What makes literature
literature?
Qualities of Literature
Artistry
Artistry

Literature has an
aesthetic appeal and
thus possesses a
sense of beauty.
Intellectual Value
Intellectual Value

It stimulates critical
thinking that enriches
mental processes of
abstract and reasoning,
making man realize the
fundamental of truths
of life and its nature.
Permanence
Permanence

Literature endures across time and draws


out the time factor:
Timeliness – occurring at a particular time.
Timelessness – remaining invariable
throughout time.
Universality
Literary Standards
Universality

Literature appeals to
everyone, regardless of
culture, race, sex, and
time which are all
considered significant.
Suggestiveness
Suggestiveness

It unravels man’s emotional power to


define symbolism, implied meanings,
images and messages, giving and evoking
visions above and beyond the plane of
ordinary life and experience.
Spiritual Value
Spiritual Value

Literature elevates the


spirit and the soul and
thus has the power to
motivate and to inspire.
Style
Rain

It was raining when I met him


The coldness chilled to my bones
It was sad.

I had my umbrella, he didn’t have one


He was staring at my umbrella
And not at me
It was sad.
Rain

I shared my umbrella with him


The rain poured harder
I dropped him at the canteen
He said “thanks”
We separated our ways
And it was sad.

The next day


I saw him with his girl classmate
He saw me
He smiled
I didn’t smile back
Because of that girl
It was sad.
Rain
It was raining again
And I remembered him
It was cold
And it was sad.

It was raining again and I still had my


umbrella
I saw him with his the same girl classmate
They were under the rain
Holding each other’s hand
I was hurt
And it was sad.
Style

Literature presents
unusual ways on how
man sees life as
evidence by the
formation of his ideas,
form, structures, and
expressions which are
marked by their
memorable substance.
In group, write a short poem
expressing your own style and
one member will present the
poem in class.