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Bvoc Industrial chemistry
Method of laboratory
1. Estimation of turbidity of water
2. Estimation of moisture in factumfos
3. Estimation of total hardness of water
4. Determination of residual chloride in water
LTD. is one of the major fertilizer manufacturing
companies in south india.
Main products of the company include
ammonia,sulphuric acid, ammonium phosphate-
sulphate(FACTAMFOS), ammonium sulphate ,
caprolactum and also other complex fertilizer.
1.Estimation of turbidity of water
 The estimation of turbidity of a water sample is based on the
comparison of the intensity of light scattered by the sample with that
scattered by a standard suspension under the same conditions using a
 A cuvette was filled with distilled water and placed in the compartment
of a nephelometer and the reading was adjusted to zero.
 The cuvette was removed and filled with standard 40 NTU
was placed in the compartment and the reading was adjusted to 40.
 The cuvette was then removed and rinsed with the sample. The sample
was soured into the cuvette and placed in the compartment and the
reading was noted
Turbidity NTU = Reading from the nephelometer
2.Estimation if moisture in factumfos
 About 12 g of the sample was taken in a petridish and dried in an
incubator at 700c for an hour.
 It was cooled in a desiccator and weighed.
 The difference between the weight of the sample before and after drying
was used to determine the moisture content in it.
% moisture = (w2-w3)/(w2-w1)*100
w1 = weight of petridish
w2 = weight of petridish+sample
w3 = weight of petridish + dried sample
3.Estimation of total hardness of water

 100ml of water sample was taken in a China dish. About 5ml of

ammoniacal buffer follow by 2 drops of EBT were added and the
solution was titrated against EDTA taken in a Burette.
 End point is wine red colour to blue.The titre value was noted.
 EDTA forms stable complexs with Ca and Mg ions.
 When the dye EBT is added to the solution containing Ca and Mg
ions at pH 10 , a wine red complex is formed and when the solution is
titrate against EDTA solution, the EDTA forms a complex with the Ca
and Mg ions present in the dye complex and the dye changes back to it
original blue colour.
 Total hardness of CaCo3 ppm= (T.V*1000)/volume of sample
4.Estimation of residual chloride in water

 Coliforms present in water is removed by treating it with chlorine.

 The residual chlorine is then estimated by adding o-toluidine to the
sample which develop yellow colour and the colour is compared with
standard disks in a Lovibond comparator.
 ppm RCl2 = reading from Lovibond comparator

 All these analyses are carried out in the lab to ensure the
quality of the product, from the plant have less effect on the
 The company thus strictly follow the two their quality and
environment policies.