Sei sulla pagina 1di 36

1

But, what is propaganda


movement?

2
• was a period of time when native Filipinos were
calling for reforms, lasting approximately from
1880 to 1886 with the most activity between
1880 and 1895.

• It all began in 1872, when fathers Mariano Gomez,


Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora were executed

• It was organized and participated by the


illustrados. Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Marcelo H. Del Pilar,
Greciano Lopez Jaena and Mariano Ponce are the
leaders of the movement
3
Aims and Reforms
Assimilation of the
Equality of the Filipinos Philippines as a
and Spaniards before the regular province of
laws. Spain.
Human rights for filipinos,
such as freedom of speech,
freedom of the press, and
freedom to meet and
petition for redress of
grievances. Restoration of the
Filipinization of the
Philippine
Philippine parishes and
representation in the
expulsion of the friars
Spanish Cortes.

4
The Propagandists

Were patriots who waged


their movement by means of
pen and tongue to expose the
defects of Spanish rule in the
Philippines and the urgency of
reforms to remedy them.

5
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
• He was the first writer of
the bilingual newspaper
titled “Diariong Tagalog”
• Beloved by the masses
because of his eloquent
Tagalog fearless defense
of the poor against the
friar abuse

6
Jose P. Rizal
• a physician,
scholar, scientist,
and writer.
• Great novelist of
the propaganda
movement.

7
Graciano Lopez Jaena
• The greatest
orator of the
propaganda.
• The First editor
of the La
Solidaridad.

8
Mariano Ponce

• A Medical student
and a biographical
writer.
• He used tikbalang,
naning, and
kalipulako as his
pen names.
9
Other Propagandists

10
• A lawyer and a
Man of letters

• Pharmacist and
essayist.

11
The Master of
Brush
12
• Linguist and
Essayist.

• Teacher – tutor of
Prince alfonso de
bourbon (later king
Alfonso XIII of Spain)
Pedro Serrano Laktaw
13
• Engineer and
Musician

Fernando Canon

• An Engineer and a
Political Writer.

14
• Physician and
orator.
Dominador Gomez

• Folklorist,
newspaperman and
a scholar.
Isabelo Delos Reyes
15
Foreign Friends of
the Propagandists

16
• Austrian Professor,
Scholar
• Dr. Rizal’s Bestfriend
• Praised Noli and Fili
and Wrote a
“Prologue” to Rizal’s
annotated edition of
Morga’s Sucesos de
las Islas Filipinas
(Paris, 1890)
Ferdinand Blumentritt
17
• One of the
liberal
Spaniards who
aided Filipino
Propagandists
Don Juan Atayde

18
La Solidaridad

19
• The newspaper was
founded by Graciano
Lopez Jaena in
Barcelona in February
15, 1889
• La Solidaridad was
created due to reality
that mass media is
important in
Propagating the
Propaganda
Objectives.
20
21
22
Masonry of the
Propaganda
Movement

23
• Many Filipino Patriots became
masons (Del Pilar, Jaena. Rizal,
Ponce) because they needed
the help of the masons in Spain
and in other foreign countries
for their fight for reforms

24
Asociacion Hispano-Filipina
(Hispano-Philippine Association)

• The members met once a month


to discuss Philippine-Spanish
questions.
• They drew up petitions and passed
resolutions.

25
La Liga Filipina

26
Liga Filipina
(Philippine League)

- A Filipino Civic Association.

Founded by Jose Rizal on July 3, 1892 in a


house at Ilaya St. Tondo.

It’s constitution was written by Jose Rizal,


helped by Jose Ma. Basa.
27
Liga Filipina
(Philippine League)

“Unos Instar Omnium”

“ One Like All”

*motto*

28
Liga Filipina
(Philippine League)
Aims:
1) Union of the Archipelago into a
compact, vigorous, and homogeneous
body.
2) Mutual protection in all cases of pressing
necessity.
3) Defense agaist all violence and injustice.
29
4) Encouragement of education,
agriculture, and commerce.
5) Study and application of
reforms.

30
• However, three days after the founding
of Liga Filipina, Rizal was arrested by
order of Governor General Despujol.

• On July 6, 1892, Rizal was exiled to


Dapitan-known to be the Liga Filipina’s
Collapse.

31
End of the
Propaganda
Movement

32
• Rizal’s arrest to Dapitan marks the
end of the Propaganda movement.

• Radical members like Andres


Bonifacio separated from the
movement, believing that it was
useless to expect reforms from the
Spaniards.
33
(Los Compromisarios)

- For some months, the Compromisarios


sent funds to M. H. del Pilar in Madrid for the
continued printing of La Solidaridad.

- Later, many members stopped paying


their contributions so that the flow of funds
to Spain ceased.
34
• For lacks of funds, La Solidaridad
died out after its last issue on
November 15, 1895.

• With the demise of the La


Solidaridad, the Propaganda
movement consequently ended.

35
- The Propaganda Movement failed,
but the ideas of freedom and justice which
it sowed paved the ground for the
Philippine Revolution that the Katipunan
and Andres Bonifacio began in the hills of
Balintawak in August 1896.

36