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Product Packaging and Labeling

Today’s Objectives:
• Explain the purposes of packaging
• Analyze and discuss the functions,
benefits, and types of packaging and
packaging materials
• Evaluate a product’s packaging
• Describe trends in packaging
The Product’s Public Face
• What is packaging?
– Containers and wrapping materials used to
protect, contain, identify, promote and
facilitate the use of the product.
– What do I mean by “facilitate the use of a
product” and please give an example.
• What is a label?
– Informative tag, wrapper, or seal attached to
the product or the product’s package. It
presents information.
• What information does it present?
– Brand name (Bold detergent)
– Ingredients, Instructions (machine washable),
how to open or dispose, guarantees, danger
Some Goals of the Package
• Promote a company and its image
• Give an old product a new image
• Preserve the product for a time period
• Help customers use products better
• Introduce new uses for old products
• Reduce costs, increase sales and profits
Don’t Forget to Ask
• When planning the design of a package, a
few questions must be answered:
– Must the package protect the product against
moisture, leakage, and temperature changes?
– Must the package be resealed or closed after it
has been opened?
• What other questions should you ask if
you’re the package designer?
Functions of Packaging – Part 1
• How does the package protect the Product?
– Withstand humidity, puncture, damage
• How does the package protect the
– Childproof, sealed tops, tamper proof
• Contains the Product (easy to carry)
– What big or heavy products at a supermarket
are easy to carry? Why?
Intermission brought to you by
your friends from yesteryear:
Functions of Packaging- Part 2
• Identifies the product
– Lists contents, distinguishes the product
• Visibly promotes the product
– Stands out, catchy slogan, product uses,
• How does McDonald’s market the
packaging of its Happy Meal?
– Toy, book, imprint of puzzle or game
Functions of Packaging- Part 3
• Give examples of how packaging make the
product easy to use?
– Cartons with spouts for easy pouring
– Butter wrappers with marked measurements
– Resealable bags
Packaging Materials Part 1
• Why use Paper and cardboard?
– Inexpensive, lightweight, fairly strong, and
easy to print on, recyclable,biodegradable
• Why use cellophane (transparent paper)
and plastic wrap?
– See through package (meat)
• Why use Glass to hold liquids?
– Doesn’t leak or change its smell or taste
Packaging Materials Part 2
• Why use plastic?
– Can be shaped into jars and bottles
– Can be processed into sheets (used for toys, clothes,
food products)
– Won’t break
• Why use aluminum?
– Unbreakable, disposable, recyclable
• Why use Glass to hold liquids?
– Doesn’t leak or change its smell or taste
Packaging Forms
• Plastic packaging
– Candy bars, potato chips
• Cardboard & Paper Packaging
– Juice boxes
• Combination of Materials
– Golf balls are packaged in boxes of 3; Multi-
packs contain 4 boxes of 12 golf balls
– Batteries, bacon
Packaging and Ecological
• Marketers must protect the consumer and
his/her environment from the package
• Plastic foam & the ozone layer
• Non biodegradable material takes up more
• Use more recyclable products
Packaging and Labeling Laws
• Protect people against deceptive labeling
• Ban deceptive environmental claims
• Must list all nutritional elements – not just
the benefits
• Establish strong safety standards
Packaging and Labeling Trends
• Clearly warn user of harmful effects
• Safer, easier to use, more convenient for
the consumer
• Recyclable
• Will continue to be integral parts of
product and marketing programs
The Loot.
• If you become a successful marketer or
package designer, you will probably make