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Goal: to use inequalities involving angles and sides of triangles

Activities:
1. Open GSP 4.06 and complete all steps and answer all
questions for GSP Triangle Inequality Activity.
2. View Lesson 5-5 Powerpoint and take notes.
3. Work through the following links
1. Khan Academy
2. Rags to Riches
3. Quia
4. Visual Representation
4. Summary: In your notes, explain the three concepts
explored in class today relating measures of sides and
angles in triangles.
Triangle Inequality Theorem

The sum of the lengths of any two


sides of a triangle is greater than the
length of the third side
Inequalities in One Triangle

They have to be able to reach!!

3 2
4 3

6
6
3 3
Note that there is only one
situation that you can have a
triangle; when the sum of two
6
sides of the triangle are greater
than the third.
Triangle Inequality Theorem

A
AB + AC > BC

AB + BC > AC

AC + BC > AB
B
C
Triangle Inequality Theorem
Biggest Side Opposite Biggest Angle
A
Medium Side Opposite
Medium Angle 3

Smallest Side Opposite 5

Smallest Angle

B
C
m<B is greater than m<C
Triangle Inequality Theorem

Converse is true also A


Biggest Angle Opposite
_____________
Medium Angle Opposite
______________
65
Smallest Angle Opposite
30
_______________ B
C
Angle A > Angle B > Angle C
So CB >AC > AB
Example: List the measures of the sides of the
triangle, in order of least to greatest.

<A = 2x + 1 <B = 4x
<C = 4x -11

A Solving for x:
C
2x +1 + 4x + 4x - 11 =180
Note: Picture is not to scale
10x - 10 = 180
Plugging back into our 10x = 190
Angles:
<A = 39o; <B = 76; <C = 65 X = 19

Therefore, BC < AB < AC


Using the Exterior Angle
Inequality
Example: Solve the inequality if
AB + AC > BC
C
(x+3) + (x+ 2) > 3x - 2
x+3
2x + 5 > 3x - 2 3x - 2

x<7 A
x+2 B
Example: Determine if the following
lengths are legs of triangles

A) 4, 9, 5 B) 9, 5, 5
We choose the smallest two of the three sides and add
them together. Comparing the sum to the third side:

4+5 ? 9 5+5 ? 9
9>9 10 > 9
Since the sum is
Since the sum is
not greater than
greater than the
the third side,
third side, this is
this is not a
a triangle
triangle
Example: a triangle has side lengths of 6 and
12; what are the possible lengths of the third
side?

6 12

C
X=?

12 + 6 = 18
Therefore:
6 < X < 18
12 – 6 = 6
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