Sei sulla pagina 1di 33

MULTIPLICATION OF

EXAMPLE OF FRACTIONS
FRACTION

PROBLEM SOLVING IN
FRACTION INVOLVING
IN MULTIPLICATION AND
DIVISION
WHAT IS FRACTION?

A small or tiny part, amount,


or proportion of something.
meaning of fraction

A numerical quantity that is


not a whole number (e.g.
1/2, 0.5).
HOW DO YOU SIMPLIFY OVER
A FRACTION?

 StepsIf necessary, simplify the


numerator and denominator into
single fractions. Flip the
denominator to find its inverse.
Multiply the numerator of the
complex fraction by the inverse of
the denominator. Simplify the new
fraction by finding the greatest
common factor.
EXAMPLES OF FRACTION
HOW TO DIVIDE FRACTIONS
BY FRACTIONS?
Step 1- Think about what dividing by a fraction means.
Step 2- Understand that dividing is the opposite of multiplying.
Step 3- Memorize the following steps for dividing a fraction by a
fraction
 -Leave the first fraction in the equation alone.
 Turn the division sign into a multiplication sign.
 Flip the second fraction over (find its reciprocal).
 Multiply the numerators (top numbers) of the two fractions
together. This result will be the numerator (top portion) of
your answer. [2]
 Multiply the denominators (bottom numbers) of the two
fractions together. The result will be the denominator of
your answer.
 Simplify your fraction by reducing it to the simplest terms.
 Work through these steps on the example 1/3 ÷ 2/5. We will
begin by leaving the first fraction alone, and changing the
division sign to a multiplication sign:1/3 ÷ 2/5 = becomes:
 1/3 * __ =
 Now we flip the second fraction (2/5) over to find its
reciprocal, 5/2:
 1/3 * 5/2 =
 Now multiply the numerators (top numbers) of the two
fractions, 1*5 = 5.
 1/3 * 5/2 = 5/
 Now multiply the denominators (bottom numbers) of the two
fractions, 3*2 = 6.
 We now have: 1/3 * 5/2 = 5/6
 This particular fraction cannot be simplified further, so we have
our answer.
 Try remembering the following
rhyme to help you
remember: "Dividing fractions, as
easy as pie, Flip the second fraction,
then multiply. And don't forget to
simplify, Before it's time to say
goodbye." Another helpful saying that
tells you what to do with each part
of the equation is: “Leave Me (the
first fraction), Change Me (the
division symbol), Turn Me Over (the
second fraction).”
Example #1:

An Italian sausage is 8 inches


long. How many pieces of
sausage can be cut from the
8-inch piece of sausage if
each piece is to be two-thirds
of an inch ?
SOLUTIONS

 Since you are trying to find out how many


two-thirds there are in 8, it is a division of
fractions problem.

So, divide 8 by 2/3

8 ÷ 2/3 = 8/1 ÷ 2/3 = 8/1 × 3/2 = 24/2 = 12

Therefore, you can make 12 pieces having


a length of 2/3 inches
Example #2

How many halves


are there in six-
fourth?
SOLUTIONS

 Again, since you are trying to find out how


many halves there are in six-fourth, it is a
division of fractions problem.

So, divide 6/4 by 1/2

6/4 ÷ 1/2 = 6/4 × 2/1 = 12/4 = 3

Therefore, there are 3 halves in six-fourth


 Example #3:

An airplane covers 50 miles


in 1/5 hours. How many
miles can the airplane
cover in 5 hours?
SOLUTIONS

 This problem is a combination of division and multiplication of fractions

First, find out how many fifths (1/5) are there in 5. This is a division of fractions
problem

So, divide 5 by 1/5

5 ÷ 1/5 = 5/1 ÷ 1/5 = 5/1 × 5/1 = 25/1 = 25

Then, multiply 50 by 25 to get 1250

In 5 hours, the airplane will cover 1250 miles


KEY WORDS FOR DIVISION AND
MULTIPLICATION IN FRACTION

MULTIPLYING DIVIDING

Of* Divided

Multiplied Split Equally

Times Cutting

In all In Each*
EXAMPLES OF PROBLEM SOLVING IN
MULTIPLICATION AND THEIR SOLUTIONS

EXAMPLE #1

The product of two numbers is


18. If one number is 8 2/5, find
the other number.
SOLUTIONS

 Product of two numbers = 18


 One number = 8 2/5 = {(8 × 5) +
2}/5 = 42/5 The other number
= 18 ÷ 42/5 = 18 × 5/42,
(Because 18 ÷ 42/5 = 18/1 ÷
42/5 = 18/1 × 5/42) = 90/42 =
15/7 = 2 1/7
SOLUTIONS

 Product of two numbers = 18


 One number = 8 2/5 = {(8 × 5) +
2}/5 = 42/5 The other number
= 18 ÷ 42/5 = 18 × 5/42,
(Because 18 ÷ 42/5 = 18/1 ÷
42/5 = 18/1 × 5/42) = 90/42 =
15/7 = 2 1/7
EXAMPLE #2