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2 WEATHER REPORT

Present perfect-
Simple past

MARLINS 2
UNIT 5
By Rosario Nuñubero
Present Perfect
He has been a merchant marine .

NOW

PAST FUTURE
has been a merchant marine

We don’t know the time exactly


when he started or the time is
not important .
Present Perfect…
They have sailed for Maerks
since 2010.

NOW

PAST FUTURE
have sailed for Maerks.

2010
They started sailing for
Maerks in 2010 and they
continue.
Present Perfect…
They have chartered a vessel
since last month.

NOW

PAST FUTURE
have chartered a vessel

Last
month
How long… ?
How long has he been a diver?

NOW

PAST FUTURE
been a diver

2015
He has been a diver since 2015.
He has been a diver for four years.
FOR SINCE

Definite time/ the moment


Period of time
something started

1.- ______ Easter.


2.- ________ two weeks
3.- ________ my birthday
4.- ____________ last summer
5.- __________ 1999
6.- ________ ten days
7.- _________a few minutes
8.- ________ April 1st
9.- _________ a long time
10.- _________ six o’clock
PRESENT PERFECT QUESTIONS
Use have/ has + subject + past participle for yes/no
questions in the present perfect.

Have you been to Paris?

Has he driven cars


for 10 years?
Use the words above the
Practice 1 pictures to make yes/no
questions in present perfect.

Example: they/sail 1. he/ be /port


Have they sailed? Has he been to port?

2. the vessel/transport/containers 3. captain/ steer/ vessel


Has the vessel transported Has the captain steered
containers? the vessel?
Wh- Question Word Order

Have/
Wh- Word has Subject P.ParticipleVerb

Where have the seafarers slept?

Who has the captain called?

How long have the cadets studied?


SIMPLE PAST
He studied at the merchant
marine school from 2000 to 2005.

NOW

PAST FUTURE

2000 2005

He studied for 5 years. He is not at the


merchant school anymore. The action was
finished.
Simple past …
He was a chief engineer from
2016 to 2018.

NOW

PAST FUTURE

2016 2018

Simple past
Time Expressions
Simple Past Present Perfect Simple
•yesterday •just
•... ago •already
•in 1990 •up to now
•the other day •until now / till now
•last ... •ever
•(not) yet
•so far
•lately / recently

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
1.Mary (win) the lottery last year.
2.We (prepare / already) dinner.
3.James (find) your ring in the garden yesterday.
4.He (come / just) home.
5.They (buy) their car two years ago.
Present Perfect/ Simple Past
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
1.I (see / not) anyone yet.
2.Phil (go / not) to the cinema last night.
3.We (be / not) to the zoo so far.
4.She (arrive / not) yet.
5.Emily (visit / not) me last week.

Questions
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
1.(you / read) the book yet?
2.How many letters (they / write) so far?
3.When (he / tell) you that?
4.(you / be) at home last night?
5.How often (you / travel) abroad till now?
Present Perfect/ Simple Past

Text
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
1.A: (you / taste / ever) sushi?
2.B: Yes, I (eat) sushi at least five times so far.
3.A: When (you / eat) sushi for the first time?
4.B: I (eat) sushi for the first time on my dad's 50th birthday. He (invite) the
whole family to a Japanese restaurant.
5.A: (you / like) it?
6.B: Absolutely. In fact, it (be) so good that we (be) to that restaurant three
times yet. And on my mum's birthday, we (order) some sushi and (have) it at
home.
Past Simple- Present Perfect
Practice 1
1.- I have studied/I studied Spanish at school but I have forgotten /
I forgot all of it now.

2.- The rain has stopped/ the rain stopped half an hour ago but the
crew hasn’t started / the crew didn’t start loading yet.

3.- Have you seen / Did you see the whales when you have been/
you were on watch?

4.- Have you met/ Did you meet the superintendent before? I don’t
think so. Pleased to meet you.

5.- The weather has become/ The weather became milder


recently. We can start using the swimming pool again.

6.- He has hurt / he hurt his back last month, so I heard. Yes, he
has fallen/ fell off a ladder.
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES
Practice 2 WITH SIMPLE PAST OR
PRESENT PERFECT.

John and Maria ________(be) married since 2007. After


their wedding, the couple _________(settle ) down in
Boston, where Maria ________ (open)an accounting
business. Then in 2010, Joe __________(lose) his job in
a maritime company but in 2011 he ________(get) a
great offer on the other side of the country-in Los
Angeles. The couple ________( live) apart since.
Certainly, it ________(not be) easy. They __________(be)
geographically separated, but they ______(grow) a lot
closer emotionally.
PRESENT PERFECT : Specific adverbs

I’ve already been to the


Port of Rotterdam

They’ve already unloaded


the cargo in the jetties

The hoses have already


been disconnected.

Use already when there was an experience about the action


before / to indicate something has happened earlier.
PRESENT PERFECT : Specific adverbs

Why do we have to The ship hasn’t


wait in port? received the port
clearance yet

Has all the


machinery been
tested yet?

Use yet when negative and interrogative sentences when the


action was not carried out before the present
PRESENT PERFECT : Specific adverbs
Why are they
exhausted? They have just
finished a fire drill.

They have just carried


out an abandon the
ship drill.

Use just when the action was carried out short time
before the present
Other Adverbs
What other adverbs for present perfect do you know?

Before Have you arrived in this port before?

Lately I have visited Shangai lately/ recently.


/recently

The Master still hasn’t checked the


still cargo

always He has always worked for El Cano.


SINCE – FOR?