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SATELLITE NAVIGATION

A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that uses


satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning. It allows
small electronic receivers to determine their location (longitude,
latitude, and altitude/elevation) to high precision (within a few
centimeters to metres) using time signals transmitted along a line
of sight by radio from satellites.

REPORT
by ALSHEIN FAITH ABOY
1 CLASSIFICATION

2 APPLICATION

3 GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE


CONTENT SYSTEMS
Part 1

CLASSIFICATION

P 1
is the first generation system and is the combination of existing
satellite navigation systems (GPS and GLONASS), with Satellite Based
Augmentation Systems (SBAS) or Ground Based Augmentation Systems (GBAS).

is the second generation of systems that independently provides a full


civilian satellite navigation system, exemplified by the European Galileo
positioning system. These systems will provide the accuracy and integrity
monitoring necessary for civil navigation; including aircraft.
Augmentation of a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) is a method of
improving the navigation system's attributes, such as accuracy, reliability, and availability,
through the integration of external information into the calculation process.

Satellite-based augmentation systems (SBAS) support wide-area or regional


augmentation through the use of additional satellite-broadcast messages. Using
measurements from the ground stations, correction messages are created and sent to one
or more satellites for broadcast to end users as differential signal.

Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS) provides Differential GPS (DGPS)


corrections and integrity verification near an airport, replacing ILSs.

Instrument Landing System (ILS) enables pilots to conduct an instrument approach to


landing if they are unable to establish visual contact with the runway.
Part 2 Part 1

APPLICATION CLASSIFICATION

P 2
military applications - allows precision in the delivery of
weapons to targets, greatly increasing their lethality whilst
reducing inadvertent casualties from mis-directed weapons

The operator of a satellite navigation system potentially has the ability to degrade
or eliminate satellite navigation services over any territory it desires.
Part 3 Part 2 Part 1

GLOBAL NAVIGATION APPLICATION CLASSIFICATION

SATELLITE SYSTEMS

P 3
GPS GLONASS Galileo BeiDou

up to 32 medium space-based T h e f i r s t 3 system is


Earth orbit s a t e l l i t e experimental proposed to
s a te ll it es in s ix navigation system satellite expected consist of 30 MEO
different orbital that provides a to be compatible satellites and five
planes, with the c i v i l i a n w i t h t h e geostationar y
exact number of radionavigation- modernized GPS satellites
satellites varying satellite ser vice system to greatly (CHINA)
as older satellites full global increase the
a re ret i red a nd coverage with 24 a c c u r a c y .
replaced satellites. Operational by
(UNITED STATES) (RUSSIA, formerly 2020.
Soviet) (EUROPE)
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