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CHILE

By
S V Krubha Shankari
18382027
INTRODUCTION
• Republic of Chile
• Capital (and largest city) : Santiago
• National language: Spanish
• President: Sebastián Piñera
• High-income economy and has high living standards
• Chile is a member of OECD(Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development ), joining in 2010.
• Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of
South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Community of Latin
American and Caribbean States (CELAC).
GEOGRAPHY
• Deserts: north
• Ice : south
• The Andes: east
• Pacific ocean: west
• Surface covers 4200 km length
coastline & 117km(wide)
• Geographers divide the country into 5 regions,
each having its own flora, fauna and climate.
• Borders Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Drake passage
GEOGRAPHY
Five regions:
1. Far north: Atacama Desert . Cu & nitrate rich deposits.
Andes plateau.
2. Near North: Semi arid climate. Narrowest area.
Valleys irrigated.
3. Central Zone: Mediterranean. Fertile land (farms&
vineyard). Andes loses height (south)
4. Southern Zone: Araucania & lake district. Rivers
descend from mountains. Fishing.
5. Austral zone: (Glacial) Sub polar oceanic climate(west).
NATURAL RESOURCES
• Mineral reserves
• Forests
• Agriculture
• Ground water
• Fishing
INTERESTING FACTS
• Chile is the world’s longest country
• The Andes mountains trace the entire length of the
country, covering approximately 80% of its land.
• Worlds biggest swimming pool
• ATACAMA DESERT: driest place in earth
• Penguins – 12000
• Andes has worlds largest & still active volcanoes
• Chile is a World Class Wine Destination, and the Ninth
Largest Producer of Wine
INTERESTING FACTS
• Home to five UNESCO world heritage sites
• Robinson Crusoe film inspired by sailor Alexander Selkirk.
• Mountains of Norte Grande – Extraordinary clear atmosphere,
300 clear nights a year. Southern Hemisphere observatories
• Affectionately known as country of poets.
CULTURE & FOOD
• September 18, Chile celebrates independence day.
• Cueca : National dance
• Pisco: National drink
• 3 types of Cuisine can be distinguished :
(a)North (b)Central (c)South
• Seafood main ingredient(fish, molluscs, crustaceans and algae).
• Maize and potato : Main agricultural crop.
• World class wine destination.
• Famous dishes: Completo, Pebre (Hot chili pepper sauce), Chilean
Empanadas, Cazuelas – Vacuno (beef) or Seafood (mariscos),
Pastel de Choclo y Humitas (Corn and beef casserole)
Completo Pebre (Hot chili pepper sauce) Chilean Empanadas

Cazuelas mariscos Pastel de Choclo y Humitas


POPULATION
male female
ECONOMIC INDICATORS
• Gross domestic product in Chile was worth 277.08 billion USD
in 2017
• 0.45% of world economy
• Ease of doing business: 55th
• Unemployment : 6.9%
• Inflation rate 1.5%
• GDP per capita PPP: $24,600
• GDP - composition, by sector of origin
– agriculture: 4.2% (2017 est.)
– industry: 32.8% (2017 est.)
– services: 63% (2017 est.)
TOP 10 IMPORTS
Mineral fuels including oil

Machinery including
2 computers
2.1 Vehicles
2.2
12.7 Electrical machinery,
2.4
equipmenT
Plastics, plastic articles
3.7
Meat

Pharmaceuticals

Optical, technical, medical


10.1
12.5 apparatus
Iron, steel

Knit or crochet clothing,


accessories
TOP 10 EXPORTS

2.1 1.2 Copper


2.7
3.1
Ores, slag, ash
3.4 Fish
3.9 26.7 Fruits, nuts
Woodpulp
7.3 Wood
Beverages, spirits, vinegar
Inorganic chemicals
8 Gems, precious metals
Meat
25.8
IMPORTS - MAJOR TRADE
PARTNERS
30
27.2
25

20

15 13.47
11.53
10
7.04
5.66 4.81
5 4.12

0
US CHINA BRAZIL S.KOREA JAPAN COLOMBIA PERU
EXPORTS - MAJOR TRADE
PARTNERS
18 16.02
16
13.58
14
12 11.04
10
8 7.1 6.54 6.23 5.65
6
4
2
0
CHILE TOURISM
REFERENCES
• http://www.worldstopexports.com/chiles-top-import-partners/
• http://countries.bridgat.com/Chile_Trade_Partners.html
• https://en.lifeder.com/natural-resources-chile/
• https://www.quasarex.com/blog/top-10-things-you-didnt-know-
about-chile-facts-about-chile
• https://www.atlasandboots.com/interesting-facts-about-chile/
• https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-
factbook/geos/ci.html
• https://chile.travel/en
• https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Chile
THANK
YOU