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Educational Psychology

William M. Bauer, Ph.D. CRC


McDonough-Marietta College

Teachers, Teaching, and


Educational Psychology
Chapter 1

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Overview

 What Is Good teaching?


 The Ultimate Goal of Teaching: Lifelong
Learning
 The Role of Educational Psychology
 How This Book Can Help You Learn

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Concept Map for
Chapter 1
How This Book
What Is Good
Can Help You
Teaching?
Learn.

Teachers, Teaching,
and Educational
Psychology

The Role of Ultimate Goal


Educational of Teaching
Psychology
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
Teacher’s Casebook
 Award for excellence in teaching
 You are on the committee
 Lots of staff interest in the award
 Political? Or…
 Valid award for excellent teaching
 What is good teaching?

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


What Is Good Teaching?
 Bilingual first
grade
 Suburban sixth
grade
 Two advanced
math classes

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Connect and Extend
 Describe the most effective teacher you
ever had.
 Any examples in the news of effective
teachers?
 See chapters 12 and 13 for connections.
 Check the research.
 Consider the ‘Connect and Extend’
sidebars throughout the text.
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
Expert Knowledge
 Content
 General teaching strategies
 Curriculum
 Subject-specific knowledge
 Learners
 Settings
 Goals and purposes of teaching
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
Reflection Question

Think of an ‘expert teacher’ you


had in the past. How many of
the ‘expert knowledges’ did that
teacher demonstrate on a
consistent basis?

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Reflection Questions

Compare and contrast expert and


novice teachers. Use examples
from your experience that
illustrate your comparisons and
contrasts.

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Teaching: Artistry, Technique,
and a Lot of Work!

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Art versus Science
 Teaching as a
science: effective
techniques
 Teaching as an
art: reflective,
inventive
 Teaching as art
and science
combined
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
A Perspective on the Art
versus Science Question

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Where the world ceases to be the
stage for personal hopes and desires,
where we, as free beings, behold it
in wonder, to question and to
contemplate, there we enter the
realm of art and science. If we trace
out what we behold and experience
through the language of logic, we
are doing science...
continued
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
...if we show it in forms whose
interrelationships are not accessible
to your conscious thought but are
intuitively recognized as meaningful,
we are doing art. Common to both is
the devotion to something beyond
the personal, removed from the
arbitrary.

Albert Einstein
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
The Role of
Educational Psychology
 Understanding and
improvement of instruction
 What people think and do as
they teach and learn
 Solving the everyday problems

of education
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
Would Teaching Be a Good
Career for Me?

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Common Concerns
 Classroom discipline
 Motivating students
 Accommodating differences
 Evaluating student work
 Dealing with parents
 “Reality shock”
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
The Ultimate Goal of Teaching:
Life Long Learning
 Self-regulated
learning
 Knowledge

 Motivation

 Volition

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Common Sense versus
Research

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Common Sense?
 Taking turns in primary reading
class.
 Classroom management: student
movement.
 Skipping grades for bright students.

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Research

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Overview of Research
 Descriptive research
 Ethnography

 Participant observation

 Case studies

 Correlation

 Experimental research
 Causal

 Manipulative

 Principles and theories


Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
-.54
Correlations .83
-.07
 Strength and direction .96

 Size of number is the strength


 The sign (+ or -) is the direction
 Positive = same direction
 Negative = opposite directions
 Range is -1.00 to +1.00
 Does NOT indicate cause

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Experimental Research
 Comparable groups of subjects
 Random assignment of subjects
 Treatment
 Measurement after treatment
 Statistically significant
 Principle
 Theory
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
Reflection Question
Students in a classroom are
being divided into two groups
to test a new teaching method.
They are assigned to the
groups by drawing numbers
from a hat. What kind of
research is being used?
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon
How this book can
help you learn.

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


How this book can help you learn:
 Getting ready to learn:
 Outline
 Overview
 “What would you do?”
 Aids to understanding:
 Checkpoints
 Summary

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


How this book can help you learn:
 Applying the knowledge:
 “What would you do?”
 Guidelines
 Point/counterpoint
 Becoming a professional
 Becoming a good teacher

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Summary
 What Is Good Teaching?
 The Ultimate Goal of Teaching:
Lifelong Learning
 The Role of Educational Psychology
 How This Book Can Help You Learn

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Review Questions
 What do expert teachers know?
 What are the artistic and scientific
aspects of teaching?
 What are the concerns of beginning
teachers?
 Describe self-regulated learning.

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


Review Questions
 What is Educational Psychology?
 Describe descriptive statistics.
 What are correlations?
 What are experimental studies?
 Distinguish between principles and
theories.

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon


One of Bill’s Stories before we
leave.

Copyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon