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Bachelors of Engineering

Action Research Project -1

Course Code-ELP56

Department of Electronics Engineering


Sardar Patel Institute of Technology
Munshi Nagar, Andheri(W), Mumbai-400058
UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI
2017-2018

1 AUGUST 2018
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A PRESENTATION ON

“Renewable Energy Resources Relay


And Monitoring using Internet of Things
(IOT)”
By

SHRINIKET VICHARE 2016110060

MANASI RATHI 2016110050

SUSHRUT THAKUR 2016110057

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Problem Statement
• With the increase in population, the use of
electricity is increasing. The pressure on the
non-renewable sources, fossil fuels is
increasing. Hence, use of renewable sources
should be increased.
• Renewable sources like Solar, Wind and other
sources are not entirely reliable as we cannot
predict when they are available.
• Vibration is the major causes for the wind
turbine failures; Wind speed above 80km/hr.
causes a heavy vibration in the bearings of the
wind turbine which can break the windmill 3
Introduction
• Wind energy, solar energy, hydro energy etc. have
the potential to meet our energy needs.
• Alone Wind energy is capable of producing a lot of
energy but the presence of wind is highly
unpredictable
• Similarly, Solar energy is present throughout the
day but the solar irradiations may vary due to sun
intensity, unpredictable shadows by clouds etc.
• In order to avoid this difficulties for the generation
of Power, we can use the idea for relay.

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• Hence, when one source is unavailable or
insufficient in meeting the demands, the other
energy source can compensate or both together
than help in the generation of Power.
• We are going to use Internet of Things(IOT) for
smart, wireless remote monitoring required for
renewable energy farms.
• Most of the existing products use memory card or
PC for data logging. This stored data is accessible
only in that particular PC alone. This limitation is
overcome by IoT technology .So this could be the
attractive solution/product for the present wind
farms and the customers.
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Firstly, we will calculate the power generated by the windmills.
The formula to calculate the power generated in a Windmill is given by –

Power = KCp0.5ρA
Where:
P = Power output, kilowatts
Cp = Maximum power coefficient, ranging from 0.25 to 0.45, dimension
less (theoretical maximum = 0.59)
ρ = Air density, lb/ft3
A = Rotor swept area, ft2 or π D2/4 (D is the rotor diameter in ft, π =
3.1416)
V = Wind speed, mph
k = 0.000133 A constant to yield power in kilowatts.

source-www.windpowerengineering.com/construction/calculate-wind-power-
output
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Project Objectives

 Effectively switching between renewable


sources, as per requirement and availability.
 Remote Monitoring and Wireless Solution.
 Alerts and events.
 Minimum Maintenance.

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Literature Survey
TOPIC REFERENCE
1) In India is currently adding 8-10
million mobile subscriber every month Wind Power Generation Monitoring System:
40% power requirement are met by grid A Survey -
electricity and 60% by diesel Mr. S.Lenin prakash
Mr. S.Sabareswar
generator.so it causes the emits 5 million
tons of co2.so the wind and alternative International Journal of Advanced Research in
renewable sources of energy will Electronics and Communication Engineering
resulting reduction of 5 million tons of (IJARECE) Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2016
co2 emission.

2) SCADA used monitoring and control Wind turbine monitoring and control systems
systems are very expensive, Installation of using Internet of Things
SCADA system is also very difficult, Miss.Sawant Pradnya Shrirang
Frequent maintenance is required, SCADA Miss.Pandit Pritam Shankar
system is more complex also It occupy Published in:
more space for installation. These 2016 21st Century Energy Needs - Materials, S
limitations can be easily overcome by ystems and Applications (ICTFCEN)
using the proposed IoT based Wind
Turbine Monitoring and Control System .
Date of Conference: 17-19 Nov. 2016

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OVERALL BLOCK DIAGRAM

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Hardware Software
1) ATMEGA32
Microcontroller 1)Codevision AVR
2) ESP8266 WIFI Module 2)SinaProg
3) Sensors
4) Relay Unit CLOUD
1) ThingSpeak
2) IBM Cloud

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COST-
SR PART QUANTITY COST
NO.
1 ATMEGA32 MICROCONTROLLER 1 RS-500

2 ESP 8266 WIFI MODULE 1 RS-300

3 IR SENSOR 1 RS-100

4 RELAY UNIT 1 RS-200

5 SW-420 VIBRATION SENSOR 1 RS-180

6 PROTOTYPE WINDMILL MODEL 1 RS-500

TOTAL COST RS-1780

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Project Plan
Testing and interfacing the sensors - 2 weeks
Microcontroller coding- 3 weeks
Setting up the IOT and cloud- 4 weeks.

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References
• https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/wind-power4.h
tm
• https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7927779/
• https://byjus.com/wind-energy-formula
• https://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2015/09/the-future-of-the-intern
et-of-things-in-renewable-energy0.html

• https://www.sierrawireless.com/iot-blog/iot-blog/2017/12/the_future_of_iot_in
_solar_energy_how_innovative_technology_is_expanding_the_solar_sector/

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PHASE II

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HARDWARE COMPONENTS
• ADOPTER 9V
• WIFI MODULE ESP8266 +3.3V
• IR SENSOR +5V
• RELAY +9V
• 16*2 LCD +5V
• USB TO TTL ADOPTER
• ARM LPC2148 (Microcontroller)

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POWER SUPPLY
LCD

IR SENSOR

WIFI MODULE

MICRO-
RELAY
CONTROLLER

BASIC CIRCUIT
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THANK YOU!

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