Sei sulla pagina 1di 42

ClickStrategic

to editEnvironmental
Master titleAssessment
style
for Phil. Sustainable
 Click to edit Master text styles
Development:
◦ Second level
Putting Biodiversity and
Stakeholder’s
 Third level
Interest into
Planning
 Fourth level and Decisionmaker’s Agenda
 Fifth level
Mario De Los Reyes, PhD
Dean – UP SURP
March 15, 2013

SCURP 2013
A BASIC COURSE IN URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (ABC in URP)
Training and Extension Services Division,
Asst. Prof. Kristine Follosco-Aspiras Training Director
3/F Cariño Hall, School of Urban and Regional Planning
University of the Philippines - Diliman, Quezon City
March 11-15, 2013 SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click
Good toEnvt’l
edit Master title style
Assessment
 Click to edit Master text styles
 Describes activities likely to cause impacts
◦ Second level
 Documents and analyzes the setting
 Third level
 Identifies affected and/or interested peoples
 Fourth level
 Fifth level
 Facilitates the process of participation
 Describes possible impacts on identified groups
 Presents project alternatives (including a no
development option)
 Recommends mitigation measures
 Implements environmental monitoring & mgt
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click
Envt’ltoImpact
edit Master title style
Assessment (EIA)
 Click to edit Master text styles
 EIA is the process of identifying, predicting,
◦ Second level
evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social,
 Third level
and other relevant effects of development
Fourth level
proposals prior to major decisions being taken
 Fifth level
and commitments made.
IAIA Principles, nd (www.iaia.org)

IN SHORT:
 Analyzing, monitoring and managing the
development consequences of a project
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit
What is SEA? Master title style
 Click
It is ato tool editto:Master text styles
◦Second
Structure levelthe public and government debate in
Third
the level
preparation of policies, plans & programs;
 Fourth level
 Feed Fifththis
level debate through a robust assessment
of the environmental consequences and their
interrelationships with social and economic
aspects;
 Ensure that the results of assessment and
debate are taken into account during the
planning, decisionmaking and implementation.
(Slootweg, 2009)
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
SEA vs
Click EIAMaster title style
to edit
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Tiering
Click of SEA
to edit & EIAtitle style
Master
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click
Impactto edit Master
Assessment title style
Framework (IAIA, 2005)
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to editFramework
Assessment Master title style 2009)
(Rootleg,
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click
DPSIRtoAssessment
edit Master title style
Framework (Friend, 1970)
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Pressure-State-Response Assessment
Click to edit Master title style
Framework (OECD, 1994)
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Modified PSR Framework Biodiversity
Click to edit
Conservation
Master title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to Driver
Direct edit Master title
Change style
(Physical)
 Click to
Biophysical editknown
changes Master text
to act as a styles
potential driver of change
comprise:
◦ Second level
 Land conversion
 Third level
 Fragmentation by linear infrastructure
 Fourth level
 Extraction
 Fifthoflevel
living organisms is usually selective since only few
species are of value, and leads to changes in species composition of
ecosystems, potentially upsetting the entire system.
 Extraction of minerals, ores and water can significantly disturb the
area where such extractions take place, often with significant
downstream and/or cumulative effects.
 Wastes (emissions, effluents, solid waste), or other chemical, thermal,
radiation or noise inputs: human activities can result in liquid, solid
or gaseous wastes affecting air, water or land quality.
 Disturbance of ecosystem composition, structure or key processes
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to Driver
Direct edit Master title
Change style
(Social)
 Click
Some to edit
social changes can Master text tostyles
also be considered be direct drivers of change as they
are known to lead to one of the above-mentioned biophysical changes (non-
◦ Second level
exhaustive):
 Thirdchanges
 Population level due to permanent (settlement / resettlement), temporary
 Fourth
(temporary level seasonal in-migration (tourism) or opportunistic in-
workers),
migration (job-seekers)
 Fifth level usually lead to land occupancy (= land conversion),
pollution and disturbance, harvest of living organisms, and introduction of non-
native species (especially in relatively undisturbed areas).
 Conversion or diversification of economic activities
 Conversion or diversification of land-use
 Enhanced transport infrastructure and services, and/or enhanced (rural)
accessibility; opening up of rural areas will create an influx of people into
formerly inaccessible areas.
 Marginalization and exclusion of (groups of) rural people

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit
Indirect Master
Driver title style
Change
 Click to edit Master text styles
Indirect driver of change can be:
◦ Second level
 Demographic: e.g. population size and rate of change over time (birth and
death rates), level
 Third age and gender structure, household distribution by size and
composition, migration pattern, level of educational attainment;
 Fourth level
 Economic (macro): e.g. global economic growth and its distribution by country;
 Fifth level
 Socio-political: e.g. democratization and participation in decision making,
decentralization, conflict resolution mechanisms, privatization;
 Scientific and technological processes: e.g. rates of investment in R&D, rate of
adoption of new technologies, changes in productivity and extractive
capabilities, access to and dissemination of information;
 Cultural and religious values: values, beliefs and norms influences behavior with
regard to the environment.

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Ecosystem Services
Click to edit Master title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit
Good SEA is: Master title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
 Integrated
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Sustainability-led
 Fourth level
Focused
 Fifth level
 Accountable
 Participative
 Iterative

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit
Possible Master title
Applications styleTools
of SEA
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
(Thrivel, 2004)
Example of Multi-Criteria Analysis
Click to edit Master title style (MCA):
Choice of Housing Sites
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

(Levett-Therivel, 2004)

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Example of Internal
Click to edit MasterCompatibility
title style
Appraisal: District X Local Plan
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

(Levett-Therivel, 2004)

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit
Summary Master
Phil SEAtitle style
Potentials
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

Source: WB (2006)
SCURP
Legend: 2013: AX:Basic
✓Positive; Course
Negative; in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
N: Neutral
Comparison
Click of the SEA
to edit Master title Process
style
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Why give special attention to biodiv in SEA &
Click to edit Master
planning/decision-making?
title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
• ◦Legal
Second level
obligations
 Third level of stakeholder identification
• Facilitation
 Fourth level
• Safeguarding
 Fifth level
livelihoods
• Sound economic decision-making
• Cumulative effects on biodiversity
• Maintaining the genetic base of evolution for
future opportunities
• By promoting/facilitating sustainable solutions
to development needs SEA is benefiting society
as a whole
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master title style
1.0 Screening
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to to
2.0 Links edit Master
other title
policies, style
plans and programs
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master title style
3.0 Scoping
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit
4.0 Setting Master
objectives, titleand
targets style
indicators
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master
5.0 Describing title style
the baseline
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master
6.0 Identifying options title style
and alternatives
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to identification,
7.0 Impact edit Master title style
prediction and evaluation
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master title style
8.0 Mitigation
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master
9.0 Consultation andtitle style
decision-making
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master
10.0 Monitoring andtitle style
Evaluation
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Institutionalizing the implementation of biodiv
Click to edit Master
inclusive SEA: Legal basis
title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
• NGAs (e.g.,
 Third level
DENR) should issue a Department
Administrative
 Fourth level Order (DAO)
• Inter-Department
 Fifth level Steering Committee on SEA
(IDSCS) will be formed and oversee the
undertaking of SEA as per DAO
• For DENR, PAWB will take the lead because of
its mandate for biodiversity conservation
• For DA and DILG, the lead will be the
Environmental Unit of the said Department
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Institutionalizing the implementation of biodiv
Click to edit Master
inclusive SEA: Legal basis
title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
• ◦The
Second level unit of each department (3)
planning
NGAs
 Third should
level be represented in the IDSCS
 Fourth level
• Lead Fifth
unitlevel
will select the other members of the
IDSCS as appropriate and per approval of the
unit head and the secretary of the department
• It may secure the assistance of academe and
research insti, NGOs, private sector and other
relevant environment professionals in
undertaking its responsibilities under the DAO
on SEA.
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Institutionalizing the implementation of biodiv
Click to edit Master
inclusive SEA: Legal basis
title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
• ◦For this level
Second purpose, lead unit should be established
and strengthened
 Third level in each of the concerned
 Fourth level
NGA
 Fifth level
• It should be the responsibility of the concerned
NGAs and its units to share information or data
necessary to effectively evaluate reports
required pursuant to the DAO
• Concerned agencies should establish
appropriate organizational structures and
systems to address the requirements of SEA.
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click
IDSCSto edit Master
mandate andtitle style
functions
Click tothe
• Ensure editmainstreaming
Master text styles
of SEA into policies,
◦ Second level
plans and programs
 Third level
• Exercise policy coordination to ensure the
 Fourth level
attainment
 Fifth level of goals and objectives set in DAO

• Recommend legislation, policies, strategies,


programs on and appropriations for SEA and
other related activities
• Create an enabling environment that shall
promote broader multi-stakeholder
participation
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click
IDSCSto edit Master
mandate andtitle style
functions
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second leveland update guidelines for
• Formulate
 Third level
determining
 Fourth level
and facilitating the provision of
technical assistance for their
 Fifth level

implementation and monitoring


• Facilitate capacity building for SEA
preparation, implementation and monitoring
• Oversee the dissemination of information
on SEA
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Dept’s capacity building and database
Click to edit Master title style
for SEA on biodiversity
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
• NGAs
 Fourthshould
level lead in the development
and implementation
Fifth level of the CapB program
• This will be from the preparation stage to
implementation and monitoring of the
SEA

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Dept’s capacity building and
Click to edit Master title style
database for SEA on biodiversity
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
• Lead unit
 Third levelof the dept should establish a DBMS
forpurposes
Fourth level of gathering, keeping, disseminating
 Fifth level
and updating info relative to the implementation
of the SEA
• All documents generated as part of the SEA
should be accessible to the public upon request
except info protected under RA 8293, (IPC)
provided that the Executive Summary of SEA be
disclosed to the public through the internet.
SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Obstacles to implementing SEA
Click to edit Master title style
(Gachechiladze-Bozhesku and Fischer, 2012)
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level
 Third level
• Lack of level
 Fourth resources
 Fifth level
• Lack of legal requirements and formal
provisions
• Lack of institutional commitment
• Lack of clear guidelines and methods

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)
Click to edit Master title style
 Click to edit Master text styles
◦ Second level

THANK YOU!
 Third level
 Fourth level
 Fifth level

mdreyes84@gmail.com

SCURP 2013: A Basic Course in Urban and Regional Planning (ABC in URP)