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# Improvement of Emissivity of Furnace Refractory

## Proposed By : Rinku Singroha)

Emissivity & Its role
The efficiency by which materials radiate is defined as emissivity

## Emissivity depends on following factors

Surface Temperature
AIM: To Increases radiation heat transfer of furnace refractory linings

## Method : By application of a high emissivity coating

Possible Benefits :
Economy of fuel consumption
Improvement of refractory lining life
Decrease in shell Temperature
Reduction in Maintenance Down time
Prevent carbon deposit on burner Block
References :
Fuel Save.com
ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH INCREASED EMISSIVITY IN FURNACES : I.Benko
Technical Study
Emissivity of refractories drops as the temperature increases

Example: if the emissivity of a given type of a refractory brick is 0.9 at a temperature of 130°C,
at 1030 °c the emissivity might well be 0.5

## Spectral Normal Emissivity of different refractories against material surface temperature

Reference : ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH INCREASED EMISSIVITY IN FURNACES : I.Benko
Scientific Hypothesis
“Stefan Boltzmann Law States that the total energy radiated per Unit surface area of black Body across all the wavelengths
per unit time is directly proportional to fourth power of black body thermodynamic temperature”

Q=σ ε[T4surface-T4Stock]
ε: Emissivity
σ: Stefan Boltzmann constant 5.76*10-8Wm2K-4
Lets consider
T surface ( Temperature of Hot refractory surface) = 1300°C i.e. 1573K
T Stock ( Temperature of stock Desired)= 1200 °C i.e. 1473 K
Emissivity of Uncoated Surface : 0.5
Emissivity of Coated Surface: 0.8
Heat emitted From Coated & Non Coated Surface can be easily calculated using above stated Law
Q=σ ε[T4surface-T4Stock]

## hence it is proved that

Radiative capacity of a coated réfractories hot face will be much higher than a non
coated refractory operating in similar condition
Coating Impact Visualization

## Reference : Fuel save

Test Results Indicating Coating Impact

## Reference : Steel Specialties

Case Studies

These are two case studies showing enhancement in performance after using coating supplied by M/S steel plant specialties
Benchmarking
Indian Industries Using High emissivity coating supplied by Fuel Save

For further area wise details regarding companies using this technology click on the below link
http://www.fuelsave.in/clients.html