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TEORI ORGANISASI

(ORGANIZATION THEORY)
KELOMPOK 1
1. LU’LU’UL JANNAH 101011014
2. M. AGUS ZAINI 101011018
3. NILLA RETNOWATI 101011034
4. NADIA LOLIANA 101011136
5. SHEIKA AULIA T. 101011174
6. FETY NURHAYATI 101011210

FAKULTAS KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT


UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
SURABAYA
2011 1
BAB 1
PENGERTIAN ORGANISASI

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Schein (1983) defined organization as
“The planned coordination of the activities
of a number of people for the achievement
some common, explicit purpose of goal,
through division of labour and function and
through a hierarchy of authority and
responsibility."

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Unsur-Unsur Organisasi

1. Manusia (Man)
2. Kerjasama (Team work)
3. Tujuan Bersama (Goals)
4. Peralatan (Equipment)
5. Lingkungan (Environment)

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Azas dan Prinsip Organisasi
1. Division of Work
2. Authority and Responsibility
3. Dicipline
4. Unity of Command
5. Unity of Direction
6. Subordination of Individual Interest to
The General Interest
7. Remuneration
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Azas dan Prinsip Organisasi
8. Centralization
9. Scalar Chain
10. Order
11. Equity
12. Stabilty of Tenure of Personnel
13. Initiative
14. Espirit De Corps
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BAB 2
TEORI ORGANISASI

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Teori Organisasi Berdasarkan
Periodisasinya:
1. Teori Klasik
a. Birokrasi (Max Weber)
b. Administratif
c. Manajemen ilmiah (Frederick Taylor)
2. Teori neo-Klasik
3. Teori Modern
4. Teori Postmodern
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Teori Organisasi berdasrkan
sifatnya:
1. Teori Terbuka
2. Teori Tertutup

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BAB 3
STRUKTUR ORGANISASI

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Pengertian Struktur Organisasi

“An organizational structure is the


formal framework by which job tasks are
divided, grouped, and coordinated.”
(Robbins, 1999)

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Struktur Dasar Organisasi

Bagan Struktur Dasar Organisasi Mintzberg


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DESAIN ORGANISASI
• Desain Organisasi Berdasarkan Pendekatan Universal
• Desain Organisasi Berdasarkan Pendekatan Kontingensi
Pendekatan Universal
• Desain Organisasi Klasik
• Desain Organisasi Birokrasi
• Desain Organisasi Sekolah Klasik
• Desain Organisasi Neoklasik
Pendekatan Kontingensi
• Teknologi dan Desain Organisasi
• Lingkungan dan Desain Organisasi
• Strategi dan Desain Organisasi
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“Organizations are not all structured in exactly
the same way. A company with 30 employees
isn't going to look like one with 30,000
employees. But even organizations of
comparable size don't necessarily have similar
structures. What works for one organization
may not work for another.” (Robbin & Coulter,
1999)

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The universalistic and contingency approaches are quite different
ways of thinking about organizational structure

Universalistic Approach Contingency Approach

Management selects either Management selects either


classical or neoclassical design classical or neoclassical design
theory as the one best way in theory as the one best way in
all situations depending on the particular situations depending
relative importance of task on the relative importance of
versus human consideration technological, environmental,
and strategic issues.

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Universalistic Approach
1. Classical design
2. Bureucratic design
3. Classical school
4. Neoclassical design

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Beberapa perbedaan desain klasik dan neoklasik dalam
pendekatan universal

Processes Classical design Neoclassical design


Leadership Seorang bawahan tidak Bawahan merasa bebas
merasa bebas mendiskusikan
mendiskusikan permasalahan dengan
permasalahan dengan atasannya
atasannya

Interaction Tertutup dan terbatas Terbuka dan luas


Decision Tersentralisasi terdisentralisasi

Control Tersentralisasi. Menekankan self-control


Menekankan pada dan problem solving dalam
perbaikan kesalahan organisasi

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Pendekatan Kontingensi
1.Technology and organization design
2.Environment and organization design
3. Strategy and organization design
-Generic strategic (Srategi Umum)
-Growth strategic (Strategi Perkembangan)

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BAB 5
PENGELOLAAN ORGANISASI

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Pengertian dan Tujuan Pengelolaan
Organisasi
a. Pengertian Pengelolaan Organisasi
Pengelolaan organisasi adalah proses
memanfaatkan/ mengelola sumber daya
organisasi, baik sumber daya manusia,
maupun sumber daya lainnya serta proses
yang ada dalam organisasi.

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Pengertian dan Tujuan Pengelolaan
Organisasi
b. Tujuan Pengelolaan Organisasi
1) Untuk mengembangkan organisasi
2) Agar tujuan yang telah ditetapkan
pada awal pembentukan organisasi
bisa terwujud

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Managing Resources ( 6M, 2T, 1I )
1. Man
2. Money
3. Methode
4. Material
5. Market
6. Machine
7. Technology
8. Time
9. Information
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Managing Process
1. Planning
2. Organizing
3. Actuating
4. Controlling

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Pengelolaan Organisasi Berdasarkan
Teori:
1. Klasik
2. Neo-Klasik
3. Modern

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