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• The value of Philo$ophy?

• Self- Assessment
• Philosophy and Courage
Philosophy Students are Sharp!
Philosophy Pays!
Major Median Mid-Career Salary
Economics $98,600
Computer Science $95,500
Finance $88,300
Information Systems $82,300
Philosophy $81,200
Political Science $78,200
Business Management $72,100
Communications $70,000
Nursing $67,000
Biology $64,800
Psychology $60,400
Criminal Justice $56,300
Nutrition $55,300
Music $55,000
Education $52,000
Data collected from the Wall Street Journal.
What can you do with a degree in
Philosophy????????????
• Advanced Degrees –
• College or University teaching

• Associates or B.A. –
• 30% go on to Religious Vocations
• 20% go to Law School
• About half go on to other careers:
• Executive/Administrative/Managerial positions
• Writers/Editors/Research
• Public Relations
How philosophy helps in the job market.

Critical Thinking
Skills

Concentration Argument Skills

Philosophy

Research and
Communication
Investigation
Skills
Skills
Some famous philosophy majors…
Five Main Branches of
Philosophy
Five Main Branches of Philosophy

• METAPHYSICS
• What is the nature of
Reality?
Five Main Branches of Philosophy

• Epistemology
• What can we know?
• How do we know it?
Five Main Branches of Philosophy

• Logic
• Patterns of Thinking
Five Main Branches of Philosophy

• Ethics
• What is the
“Good”?
Five Main Branches of Philosophy

• Aesthetics
• What is art?
• What is beauty?
What is Philosophy?

Difference Between
Knowledge and Wisdom?
• You might know how to pick a lock or hot
wire a car, but is it really wise to do these
things?*
• “Practical Wisdom”
• Knowing how to act appropriately.
• Understanding how to act in the time and
situation you are in.
• Move from immaturity to maturity.
What is Philosophy?

• The study of Philosophy can be frustrating.


What is Philosophy?

• The study of Philosophy can be frustrating.


• In most classes, you immediately start getting
something from them, like facts and knowledge.
• Philosophy seeks to take something away from
you!
• Remove your certainty. Teach you that you
might not know what you think you know.
What is Philosophy?
The nature of philosophy and what philosophy
is…is itself a philosophical question. This is not true
of any other discipline of study!*
Why we need Philosophy?

Facts Values

•Simply information •Interpretation


•Value Neutral •What to do with information

Fact/Value
Distinction
Example- The atomic Bomb Human Cloning
Why should we study Philosophy?
• It’s the guide for human activity.
Why should we study Philosophy?
You are going to do something in this class
that may frighten and upset some of
you….
Is this art?
This IS a great masterpiece?
Belief and Reasons

• For the philosopher, it is not enough that you


believe something that is true.
• You also have to believe it for the right reasons!
• Why you believe something is just as important as
what you believe.
Belief and Reasons
• The correct test example.
• Belief in God.

• In each case, the philosopher values


having good beliefs for good reasons.
Knowledge, Truth & Belief

Things Things
that are you
True Believe
Knowledge, Truth & Belief

Things Things
that are you
True Believe

Knowledge
Thinking logically,
carefully and
clearly about our
lives has
benefits….
•Makes us more certain of ourselves.
•More independent…Less Conformist
•Less intimidated by what others think
of us.
Thinking logically,
carefully and
clearly about our
lives has
benefits….
Trial of Socrates
• Apologize?
• Escape?
• Socrates’ request
• Verdict = DEATH!