Sei sulla pagina 1di 28

An Introduction to crystal and

Technical know how for MC


molded crystal production

MC306/146 Basic
Overview
Glossary
 1. Introduction to crystals
- What are crystals?
- How to make crystals?
- How do crystal oscillators work?
 2. The Application of crystal oscillators
- World Market demand and Breakdown
- Where are crystals used?
- Advantage of crystals
 3. Manufacturing process for molded
crystals
- what is molded crystal?
- what are the processes involved?
 4. Questions and Answer Session.
Introduction to Quartz Crystal
 1. Quartz Crystals... What?
 The quartz crystal is a single crystal of silicon dioxide and used in important electronic
components.

Raw Cut crystal ready for


manufactured production
Crystal
How to grow Synthetic Quartz Crystals

Growing speed
The growing speed is
approximately 0.4 to 0.6mm per
day and the growing number of
day is from about 40 days to more
than 200 days depending on the
applications. You will get
approximately 1,500 to 2,500kg of
high quality synthetic quartz
crystals in one growth process.

The ordinary growing temperature is


approximately 300 to 400°C and the
growing pressure is approximately
90 to 145MPa.
Lasca or “Seed Crystal”
(Raw Material Needed)
Crystal Making Apparatus and Material
1. Hang the seed
crystal in the upper
growing area and
place the raw material,
Lasca, a fragment of
the natural quartz
crystal

2. By maintaining the
1 temperature in the growing
area lower than the solution
2 area, the raw material in a
saturated state in the
dissolution area will rise to
the growing area by the
heat conviction provided by
the temperature difference.

The synthetic quartz crystal is grown by the hydrothermal method using the
pressured container called the autoclave. The crystal is insoluble to most of
the solution under the normal temperature and pressure but becomes soluble
by the hydrothermal reaction in the high temperature and high pressure
Simple illustration of Piezoelectricity

 Quartz Crystal are very stable and their resonant frequency does not
vary much with time or temperature.
 A crystal depends on the piezo-electric effect to work. This effect
converts a mechanical stress in a crystal to a voltage and vice
versa. In this way the piezo-electric effect converts the electrical
impulses to mechanical stress (or movement) which is subject to the
very high Q mechanical resonances of the crystal, and this is in turn
linked back into the electrical circuit.
The basic process of a crystal Tuning Fork

Firstly the raw material (synthetic crystal) is


sliced and cut from it’s basic raw form.

The crystal is then cut into several pieces.

Thirdly, the crystal is cut into wafer form


before being sent to the next process.

photolithography
A lithographic technique used to transfer the design of circuit
paths onto printed circuit boards as well as the circuit paths and
After going through
electronic elements of a chip onto a wafer's surface. the wafer
lapping and polishing
A photomask is created with the design for each layer of the
process,
board or wafer (chip). The board or wafer is coated the water is put
with a light-
through
sensitive film (photoresist) that is hardened when exposedto to the next process.
light shining through the photomask. The board or wafer is then
After
exposed to an acid bath (wet processing) or hot wafer polishing
ions (dry the
processing), and the unhardened areas are etched away.
wafer has to go through
photo etching process.
Before being shaped into its
Final product final shape via
PHOTOLITHO technology.
Basic structure of a crystal unit.

 The Tuning Fork is an important component in a crystal oscillator, we will begin by


explaining how does the tuning fork works and how it is made, and then moving to how
tuning fork works.
Crystal unit for MC306 (cylinder type)
 Mounting of chip to a plug with soldering

 Adjusting the frequency of the chip by trimming the


end portion with laser beam

 Encapsulate plug into a capsule in a heated vaccum


chamber.

 Frequency and characteristics inspection.


Manufacturing process (SMD Molded Crystal) Unit

A cylinder type crystal is welded on the


frame.

The frame with the crystal are molded inside


a package of epoxy resin.

V sharp for solder plating and second


press, unnecessary resin is eliminated.
The lead terminals are
solder-plated

Products name, frequency and lot no’s


are marked by ink or laser on the mold
surface.
All lead terminals are then trimmed and
formed.

Electrical characteristics/ All


oscillators are inspected and taped.
Crystal Oscillator’s uses
 Crystal oscillators are used in a wide variety of electronic products such as PCs and
mobile phones. As for automotive applications, crystal oscillators are used in in-
vehicle audiovisual equipment, car navigation systems, driving control systems, and
safety control systems.
Crystal manufacturers by region Europe 15%

North America 20%


Asia 58%
-Fox -Japan 50%
Conner Winfield NDK
Vectron EPSON TOYOCOM
Kyocera Kinsenki
-China
8%

Rest of the world


7%

-The global piezoelectric crystal industry is characterized by over 450 companies involved
in the industry as manufacturers and suppliers.

-In 2007, Japan has the highest market share of 50%, followed by North America with 20%,
Europe with 15%, China with 8%, and the rest of the world with 7%. By 2012, China’s
share will be 11%, positioning it close to Europe with 13% share of the global market.
Market Distribution
MC 306 PROCESS FLOW
Molded crystal (MC) MC306

Incoming

Crystal Welding ( CWD )

CWD OAI

Transfer Molding

Solder Plating

Laser Marking

Trimming & Forming - 2


PROCESS FLOW CONTINUED

ECI

Inline QA
Lot Formation

Lot Formation
ECT

Taping
Poka Miss

Poka Miss

QC
QC
Crystal Welding
Crystal welding is the process where the crystal is welded onto the lead
frame. In this case, the crystal being used for MC306 will be the cylinder
form.

There are 2 types of Machine in the crystal welding process, Linear


(manual) machine and the automated machine.

Linear Machine Automated


Machine
TFM Process (Incoming)

Incoming Compound Record Sheet stating


Rack date and time
released from store

Mould Compound
Compound Preheater
TFM PROCESS (Actual)

Mould After
Fujiwa Mould
Preheating
Transfer M/C

Before Mould After Mould


Transfer Transfer
After Plating Process
MC306

MC146

MC405
Laser Mark Process

Laser marker M/C Units ready for


marking

Marked Units
TRIMMING & FORMING 2

MESIN TF-2 UNTUK MC 306


TF2 Process

Units on Lead frame


TF2 Machine
ready for trimming

End product ready for


Trimmed Crystal Units ECI/ECT
Electrical Characteristic Inspection
TAPING
 Type of REEL :
 Plastic Reel
ECT PROCESS

Crest ECT Nakamura ECY


Machine Machine

Finished Reels Reels are arranged


ready for QC on separate racks
Outgoing and Packed Reels