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MUHAMMAD FATHUR

BIOGRAPHY BJ. HABIBIE


Biography of BJ HABIBIE

The third President of the Republic of Indonesia, Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie or


commonly called B.J. Habibie, was born in Pare-Pare, South Sulawesi, on June 25,
1936. He is the fourth of eight children of Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and RA. Tuti
Marini Puspowardojo. Habibie and his wife are blessed with two sons namely
Ilham Akbar and Thareq Kemal.
Habibie and his brothers spent their childhood in Pare-
Pare, South Sulawesi. Habibie has shown the strict nature
of adhering to principles since childhood. Habibie who has
a penchant for this horse, must lose his father who died on
September 3, 1950 because of a heart attack. Then,
Habibie moved to Bandung in order to continue his study
at Gouvernments Middlebare School. In high school, he
began to look prominent in his achievements, especially in
exact subjects. Habibie became a famous person in his
school.

He graduated from high school in Bandung in 1954


and entered University of Indonesia in Bandung (now
ITB). He received a Diploma from Technische
Hochschule, Germany in 1960, which then obtained
a Doctor graduate from the same place in 1965. In
1967, he got Professor of honor (Professor) at
Bandung Institute of Technology.
Habibie’s steps were much admired, full of controversy. He got many
admirers but not a few who disagreed with him. Every time he got the
prestigious award winner Theodore van Karman Award, he always made
news. Hestudied for one year at ITB Bandung and 10 years at college to get
his doctorate degree in aircraft construction in Germany with the title
Summa Cum laude. Then, he worked in the leading aircraft industry MBB
Gmbh Germany before meeting President Soeharto’s call to return to
Indonesia.
In indonesia, habibie worked as minister of state for research and technology / head
of BPPT, led 10 state-owned enterprises strategic industries, was elected by MPR to
become vice president of indonesia, and was sworn by the chief justice of the
supreme court to substitute soeharto as the president of indonesia. Soeharto handed
over the presidency to habibie under article 8 of the 1945 constitution. Habibie was
forced to step aside due to the east timorese refrendum which voted for
independence. His responsibility speech was denied by MPR RI. He also returned to
being an ordinary citizen again and migrated to germany.