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RELATIVE CLAUSES

RELATIVE CLAUSES
• Nos dan información extra sobre algo o alguien o identifica de que cosa o persona
estamos hablando. Normalmente llevan los siguientes pronombres relativos:
USE EXAMPLE
WHICH Did you see the film which was on TV last night?
(things, animals) ¿Viste la película que/la cual dieron en la TV anoche?
WHO Tom, who is teaching in Avilés, is my friend
(people, animals when we want to give them a Tom, quien/el cual enseña en Avilés, es mi amigo
personality)
WHEN Do you remember the day when we met?
(for times) Te acuerdas del día cuando nos conocimos?
WHERE This is the place where they filmed Citizen Kane
(for places) Este es el lugar donde grabaron Ciudadano Kane
WHY That’s the reason why he’s so popular.
(for reasons) Esa es la razón por la cual él es tan popular.
WHOM Is that the man whom we saw at the cinema yesterday?
(for people as the object of the clause) Es ese el hombre el cual vimos en el cine ayer
WHOSE My next guest is Carla, whose mother works in an office
(for possession) Mi próxima invitada es Carla, cuya madre trabaja en una
oficina
RELATIVE CLAUSES
• Cuando un pronombre relativo es el sujeto de la frase no se necesita otro
sujeto: ✓I admire Jude Law, who always works har
✗I admire Jude Law, who he always works hard
• Whom es bastante formal, normalmente utilizamos who. Sin embargo,
después de una preposición usamos whom o who con la preposición To al
final de la oración:
✓Charlie Chaplin was a comic genius to whom all comedians owe a great
deal.
✓Charlie Chaplin was a comic genius who all comedians owe a great deal
to.
• Podemos reemplazar where y when por una preposicion+which
✓The theatre where/in which first acted is somewhere around here.
✓Do you know the year when/in which the first western was made?
Defining and Non-defining relative clauses
• Existen dos tipos de oraciones relativas, las especificativas (defining),
que especifican la información esencial y las no especificativas(non-
defining) las cuales añaden información pero no la especifican.
NON-DEFINING DEFINING
Extra information No extra information
Peter, who started university last year, is a The one who is wearing a blue shirt is Peter
member of the football team
Separated from the rest of the sentence by No separated by commas
commas This is the DVD which I told you about the other
Titanic, which is a romantic film, is one of the day
best films
We cannot leave out the word which introduces We can use that to introduce the relative clause
the relative clause and we can’t use that instead or leave the word which introduces the relative
✗Titanic, is a romantic film, is one of the best clause when it is the object
films ✓This is the DVD that I told you about the other
✗Titanic, that is a romantic film, is one of the day
best films ✓This is the DVD I told you about the other day